Term papers writing service

The portrayal of the 17th century puritan society in nathaniel hawthornes the scarlet letter

Jane Richardson Posted date: June 14, 2014 in: Based in a New England town, The Scarlet Letter points out the way in which women are treated in the puritan world and the way in which earthly sins are severely punished. Set in the 17th century, Nathaniel Hawthorne presents the society as strict with Christian-like rules and principles to abide by. This was a close representation of the actual society.

Puritanism in the Scarlet Letter

Their numbers were so large they ended up forming what is known today as the Massachusetts Bay Colony. The puritans had varying degrees of beliefs where society, religion and the family structure is concerned. They believed men were head of the household and made all important decisions, while women were just there to take care of housework. This great family structure kept everyone in line with God, and adultery or any kind of sexual sin was shunned severely.

Maybe he believed that women contributed more to society than their role as good housewives and child bearers, or maybe he was trying to point out the injustice of punishing women who commit adultery.

  • June 14, 2014 in;
  • They thought that only those who were able to read the Bible would find religious truth;
  • At the end, the results of this analysis will be summarized;
  • History and Development of Puritanism In order to understand the author and his works, it is crucial to apprehend his historical background from which they arose.

Hawthorne uses the symbol of the scarlet letter in his three main characters to criticize the puritan world and to question whether their beliefs and punishments are justified. The novel begins with Esther emerging from prison holding Pearl, her illegitimate baby whom she had borne out of an act of adultery. What should be a symbol of shame for her is portrayed as a symbol of resilience.

  1. This was a close representation of the actual society.
  2. Therefore, Hawthorne holds the view that Puritanism was characterized by cruelty and intolerance.
  3. The covenant of grace required a faith in God, and that God himself gave the elect to grasp.
  4. How unattractive to Dimmesdale the confessing be! It is a typical phenomenon of Puritanism thought.
  5. And to some extent, Hawthorne was a Puritan because of his Puritan origin. Puritanism in the Scarlet Letter We have so large base of authors that we can prepare a unique summary of any book.

Esther does not hold her head in shame or seem remorseful, leading many of her critics to believe that she did not see the need to be sorry for her actions. She turns a potentially degrading symbol into something that helps her to earn her keep even during a time when women had little or no power and were seen as the inferior sex. In the 17th century some women who were found guilty of this kind of crime were punished by flogging, and in extreme cases were put to death.

Men on the other hand were normally handed down a less severe punishment, as the blame was given only to women. Dimmesdale hides behind his deeds and suffers in silence.

Nathaniel Hawthorne’s Representation of the Puritan Society

He turns out to be the opposite of what puritan men should be like; headstrong. Puritans believed that men should lead yet Hawthorne had Esther leading Dimmesdale by providing a shoulder for him and by having her formulating all their plans. The author uses the reverend to represent a flaw within Puritan authority figure. He submits to sins with Esther when he should be helping her stay on the right path.

Many believe Hawthorne mocks the church by presenting the male religious figure, as weak and desolate. For puritans, children were born into the sins of their parents and Pearl, born out of an act of sin was the perfect example. Women were educated from very young and prepared to take over the domestic duties. They were expected to be, like their mothers, good wives and mothers and to uphold the puritan belief systems. Esther however, did not instill these rules into Pearl.

The church believes that it is their duty to interfere and does, only to no avail; Esther has no intention of allowing the church to take her child away.

  1. They regard him as omniscient and omnipotent. The first members of the Boston Puritan church are required to make a public acknowledgment of their sins.
  2. These prominent friends supplied Hawthorne with government employment in the lean times, allowing him time to bloom as an author. Puritan tradition also involved a respect for learning which led to the estalishment of schools and the spread of literacy.
  3. Before that time Pearl and Chillingworth had observed them. Two of the main points of Puritan theology are the covenants of grace and work.
  4. The features of the punishment in Puritan society Many laws were enacted in Boston, and a lot of Puritans were similarly punished.
  5. The first of them, William Hathorne, is described as arriving at the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630 "with his Bible and his sword" Hawthorne 9. His family was of Puritan belief for generations and had been prominent in the area since colonial times.

This again demonstrates the authority that Hawthorne gives to Esther. The fact that Hawthorne made Esther into a heroine gives the impression that he wanted to point out that females can be authority figures and that some of rules the puritans meted out were as harsh as they were silly.

The Scarlet Letter; A Criticism of Puritan Beliefs

No amount of punishment, ridicule and disgrace could make Esther crumble under the watchful eyes of the Puritans making Esther one of the most popular heroines of classic literature.

The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne.