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The first half of the nineteenth century the golden age of russian literature and culture

Golden Age of Russian Poetry October 22, 2008 15: This period is remarkable for an unprecedented upsurge of creativity illuminated by the genius of Alexander Pushkin.

Russian literature

It was the poetry of the early 19th century that turned to be the impetus, which still goes on driving Russian literature forth. The creations by genius poets of that epoch till date remain peerless masterpieces of classic literature, the paragons of highest poetic skill and splendid examples of the greatness of the Russian language. Later, in the second part of the 19th century, Russian novel literature thrived on political and social ferment and the brewing changes on a great scale.

Once and forever it granted us with the perennial lines by the great pillars of the Russian novel, such as Ivan Turgenev and Ivan GoncharovFyodor Dostoevsky and Leo Tolstoy. Thus the 19th century came to be clearly and indisputably perceived as the Golden Age of Russian literature, which later in quite a natural way engendered the no less notable and no less gifted Silver Age. Though their names are rather well-known, Pushkin had no match, regarding the power of his works, their emotional content and meaning.

Later that circle of like-minded allies was separated and fractured by different ideas and that future, which every one of those talented people pictured as the best for their beloved Russia. Alexander Griboyedov Poet, playwright, composer and diplomat Alexander Sergeyevich Griboyedov 1795-1829 was one of them. Ironically, his only fully extant poetic work Woe from Wit origonal Russian title: The fact, however, did not mar its splendour but on the contrary provided its immortality.

Throughout all his life he was into writing poetry.

  1. His short-stories, like "The Overcoat" and "The Nose," his play The Inspector General, and his novel, Dead Souls, expose both the petty bureaucratic corruption of the nineteenth century Russian civil service, but strike a deeper chord at the problem of human vanity. Shocked by an uprising of Cossacks and peasants 1773—75 , known from the name of its leader as the Pugachov Rebellion, and later by the French Revolution , Catherine turned increasingly conservative.
  2. With nothing resembling Western secular literature, philosophy, or science, it remained a land remarkable for its lacks.
  3. Povesti pokoynogo Ivana Petrovicha Belkina 1831; Tales of the Late Ivan Petrovich Belkin filters five narratives, each a parody of a received plot, through the minds of several narrators, collectors, or editors. In the post- Stalinist Soviet Union, Socialist Realism remained the only permitted style, and while some good authors such as Yury Trifonov managed to make it through censorship barriers, most like Nobel Prize winner Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn who built his works on the legacy of the gulag camps or Vasily Grossman couldn't publish their major works at home.

His poems introduce us to a peculiar realm of a lyricist with a subtle soul enveloped into the tragedy of existence. The author comprehends the beauty of the world from two sides, the outer one, which is inspired by charms of native nature, and the inner one, love being its major incentive.

Fyodor Tyutchev Fyodor Ivanovich Tyutchev 1803-1873. In the course of his long life the poet wrote only about 300 verses, yet his genius fully manifested itself in them. A disciple and follower of Pushkin and himself a teacher for the following generation of poets, Tyutchev created wonderful paragons of philosophical lyrical poetry. His verses are full of sublime beauty and penetrated with reflections on the essence of being. It is interesting to note that Fyodor Ivanovich, who hardly ever used the Russian language in his everyday life and wrote his essays only in French, composed poems exclusively in Russian.

  1. Just like Griboyedov and Pushkin he left this world too early.
  2. The group's actions were derided as "literary hooliganism" in the ever-more conservative press of the late 1920s.
  3. Ostromirovo evangeliye The Ostromir Gospel of 1056—57 is the oldest dated Russian manuscript.

His verse Silentium about the impossibility to express thought with a human language, including the Russian one, seems to disprove his thesis.

Mikhail Lermontov Mikhail Yuryevich Lermontov 1814-1841. Just like Griboyedov and Pushkin he left this world too early.

Moscow’s ascendancy

Yet, within his short span of life Lermontov managed to create such characters and images that became the cornerstones in development of Russian literature. Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin is, undoubtedly, "our everything", so to say! Pushkin is harmony itself, perfection itself. He is so different, so unalterably beautiful, and so sincere in every moment of his existence! Even in his political verses he contrived to use his lyrical gift and uplift the courageous ideas to unusual heights with the power of his talent.

From the 14th to the 17th century

He, who set up his own monument, who celebrated love and beauty, was a true leader, teacher and an ambassador between the centuries. Alexander Pushkin Alexander Pushkin is unanimously acknowledged as the greatest Russian poet, his works considered the foremost paragons of Russian literature, their status similar to that of writings by Dante in Italy or by Goethe in Germany.

  • Written in prison, his narrative conveys a feel for his fanatic, earthy personality in a paradoxical form that is both autobiography and autohagiography;
  • The principal theoretician of the Symbolist movement, Vyacheslav Ivanov 1866—1949 , wrote mythic poetry conveying a Neoplatonist philosophy;
  • Fourth, some have questioned whether these texts can properly be called literary, if by that term is meant works that are designed to serve a primarily aesthetic function, inasmuch as these writings were generally written to serve ecclesiastic or utilitarian purposes;
  • It is worth stressing that the enormous prestige accorded to translating has continued to be a distinctive characteristic of Russian culture;
  • Also an accomplished prose stylist, Lermontov wrote Geroy nashego vremeni 1840; A Hero of Our Time , which in form is something between a novel and a complexly framed cycle of stories about a single hero, a Byronic superfluous man;
  • In the context of world history, Russia may be seen as the first of many countries to undergo rapid modernization and Westernization while wrestling with a question capable of different answers:

He can be called the founder of the Russian literature, and even the modern Russian language originates from his works. He is also the author of numerous poems and tales in verse. In various cities of the former Russian Empire and the Soviet Union there are lots of Pushkin monuments and streets.

Minor planet 2208 is named after Alexander Pushkin.