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The crime in othello by william shakespeare

Roderigo, who has been courting Desdemona, is upset with the news that she has eloped with Othello, a great Moorish warrior who is now a general in the service of the ruler of Venice.

Iago confesses to Roderigo that he hates the Moor because another soldier, Michael Cassio, has been promoted to lieutenant instead of Iago. He reveals that he only remains in Othello's service to facilitate his plans of revenge: It is not surprising that Iago sees The crime in othello by william shakespeare as a useful puppet in his evil schemes. He tells Roderigo that they should first inform Desdemona's father of the Moor's marriage to his daughter. Her father, prejudiced and ignorant, will surely be livid when he hears that a black man has wed Desdemona.

Roderigo hopes that her father, Brabantio, will use his political status to see that their marriage is quickly annulled. But Iago knows that the Duke would not jeopardize Othello's desire or ability to fight for Venice in the Turkish wars by punishing him for marrying a Venetian nobleman's daughter.

Othello's punishment for wedding Desdemona is not part of Iago's plan. His plan at the moment is only to make Othello believe that he is a trustworthy confidant. When Othello is confronted by Brabantio, Iago will be there to lend his counsel and support.

Iago and Roderigo stand below Brabantio's bedroom window and Roderigo calls his name. To ensure a response, Iago adds, Awake! Look to your home, your daughter, and your bags! Unable to understand Iago's reference to the union of Othello and Desdemona, Brabantio demands to know why they are bothering him at such a late hour. Roderigo explains that his daughter is in the 'clasps of a lascivious Moor' and Brabantio rushes into Desdemona's room to find it empty.

  • He will not be content with just throwing her out, but is now consumed with loathing because he believes her cheating and discrimination has caused him to feel pain and inferiority;
  • Othello returns from his short supper and he is distraught to say the least;
  • To ensure a response, Iago adds, Awake!

He runs downstairs and out into the street without even changing into his day clothes. Furious, he demands to know if they have married and when Roderigo answers yes, Brabantio cries 'treason'. Roderigo tells him where he can find Othello and Brabantio hurries off in a rage. Iago is quick to report his conversation with Roderigo to Othello.

Of course, Iago's retells the story to accommodate his cunning plan. He says that Roderigo "prated" And spoke such scurvy and provoking terms Against your honor That with the little godliness I have I did full hard forbear him. Cassio arrives with news that the Duke requires Othello at an urgent war meeting. Othello responds to the verbal attack with grace and dignity.

Brabantio demands that Othello go to prison. Othello calmly tells him that he cannot for the Duke needs him at once.

Brabantio decides to take the matter to the Duke, the crime in othello by william shakespeare he is already awaiting Othello. He is sure that the Duke will brand Othello a criminal as he has done, sure that his is "not an idle cause" I. They are concerned with the news that a Turkish fleet is planning an attack on Cyprus, which is governed by Venice.

They are discussing a counter attack which will be led by Othello, when Brabantio comes storming in, accusing Othello of corrupting his daughter, Desdemona, with "spells and medicines bought of mountebanks. While they wait for her, Othello describes to the Duke the real way in which he won Desdemona's heart.

She arrives, with Iago following her. She tells the Duke and her shocked father that she did fall in love with Othello for the "visage in his mind" 252. She begs to be allowed to go with Othello to Cyprus. The Duke grants her permission to accompany Othello, but Othello must leave immediately. Desdemona must meet him there at a later time, and Othello entrusts Iago with her safe passage: The senate adjourns and leave the council chamber, followed by Brabantio, Othello, Desdemona, and all the rest, except for Iago and Roderigo.

Iago assures Roderigo that Desdemona's love for Othello is fleeting and that, if Roderigo will come to Cyprus, he will continue scheming to break up the newlyweds. Roderigo agrees and leaves to make preparations to sail for Cyprus. Once alone, Iago reveals phase two of his evil plan -- the destruction of Michael Cassio, the soldier who received the promotion from Othello.

He will make Othello believe that Cassio is Desdemona's secret lover, thereby ruining both of his enemies with the same lie. A messenger comes in with the news that the enemy ships have indeed been pulled under by the waves.

But they soon begin to fear that the very same storm has taken the lives of Othello and his crew.

Race and Discrimination in 'Othello' by William Shakespeare

Cassio arrives, confirming that Othello cannot be located. One ship does land, carrying Iago, Desdemona, Roderigo, and Iago's wife, Emilia, who has come to look after Desdemona.

Desdemona is shaken with fear for her husband, but, much like her warrior husband, she is brave and steady, and keeps her worry to herself. She converses with Iago and Emilia, and is sure to include Cassio in the discussion. Cassio is an old and beloved friend of Othello's and he too is afraid that the ship has been lost at sea.

  • Now, by yond marble In the due reverence of a sacred vow I here enrage my words;
  • Persuaded by Iago's words, Othello starts to believe that Desdemona is cheating on him because he is black;
  • When Lodovico comes to deliver a letter to Othello, Desdemona makes a comment which Othello assumes is about her other lover, and he slaps her;
  • All we can profitably do is to consider narrowly our experience, and to ask ourselves this question:

Out of this great concern for Othello's safety, Cassio takes Desdemona by the hand. Iago delights in this overt display of affection that he will use against them. He greets Desdemona with a kiss and addresses the crowd, proposing a great feast in celebration of the Venetian victory. All but Iago and Roderigo move from the seaport to the royal castle.

Iago tells Roderigo that Cassio is also in love with Desdemona and that, to help their plans, Roderigo should pick a fight with Cassio while he is on duty. This will hurt Cassio's reputation and ruin his friendship with Othello and help keep him apart from Desdemona.

They bid each other goodbye and Iago walks off alone. He soliloquizes that he intends to "make the Moor thank and love" him, while at the same time planting thoughts of jealousy in Othello's mind -- thoughts so strong "That judgement cannot cure.

All the soldiers have full liberty to make merry until eleven o'clock that evening, at which time they must return to their posts. Othello tells Cassio that Iago is "most honest. Iago asks him to partake in a glass of wine. Cassio agrees, but insists that he have only a little, for he has "no brains for drinking".

  1. Iago grabs Emilia and stabs her, much to the dismay and shock of Montano.
  2. Brabantio decides to take the matter to the Duke, since he is already awaiting Othello.
  3. For, however matters may stand in the former case, in the latter case evidently the fault is ours and not Shakespeare's. Such a passion as ambition, however terrible its results, is not itself ignoble; if we separate it in thought from the conditions which make it guilty, it does not appear despicable; it is not a kind of suffering, its nature is active; and therefore we can watch its course without shrinking.

But reason gives way to temptation and soon Cassio is drunk. Although he should know better, Cassio the crime in othello by william shakespeare his post as usual. Iago sends Roderigo to engage Cassio in the fight and within moments the two come bursting back into the hall, swords clashing. They duel until Othello rushes in and demands that they stop. Disappointed and angered by Cassio's behavior, Othello dismisses him from duty. Othello leaves and Iago convinces Cassio that, in order to regain Othello's favour and his position as lieutenant, he must persuade Desdemona to speak to Othello on his behalf.

Cassio leaves, confident that Iago's plan will work to restore his friendship with Othello. Iago is also sure that his plan will be a success, but with much different results. His intent is to make it appear that Desdemona is pleading for her long-time lover. Desdemona will become Iago's most valued pawn: So I will turn her virtue into pitch, And out of her own goodness make the net That shall enmesh them all.

Cassio asks Emilia if she will grant him access to visit Desdemona. Iago overhears and offers to fetch Desdemona at once. Desdemona agrees to an interview with Cassio and Emilia shows him to Desdemona's chamber. The purpose of this scene is to explain why Othello is not initially present when Desdemona meets with Cassio. Iago had planned to concoct a story to ensure Othello was absent for Cassio's visit, but luck has made Iago's job easier indeed.

Cassio asks Desdemona to speak to Othello and convince him that he is still a trustworthy soldier and friend. Desdemona does not hesitate to help because she knows how deeply Cassio and Othello feel for one another. She longs for them to reconcile: In a moment of brilliant dramatic irony, Desdemona innocently professes her undying support for Cassio: Assure thee If I do vow a friendship, I'll perform it To the last article. My lord shall never rest; I'll watch him tame and talk him out of patience; His bed shall seem a school, his board a shrift; I'll intermingle everything he does with Cassio's suit.

They go together to see Desdemona and they catch a glimpse of Cassio leaving out the back entrance.

The Issue of Race

Under his the crime in othello by william shakespeare, Iago is quick to add "Ha! I like not that" III. Othello asks what Iago means by such a statement.

Confused, he further asks if that was really Cassio that just parted from his wife. Iago, in the midst of administering his first dose of poison, replies "Cassio, my lord? Desdemona rushes over to Othello and immediately begins to plead for Cassio. So adamant is she that Othello agrees to a future meeting with Cassio to begin a reconciliation: Happy with Othello's answer, Desdemona leaves the garden and Iago, alone once again with Othello, continues his evil machinations.

He asks if Cassio knew about Othello's love for Desdemona from the beginning of their courtship. Othello says yes and adds that Cassio even served as a matchmaker for the two and "went between [them] very oft. Iago plays upon Othello's insecurities, reminding him that Cassio is younger and more handsome and is a white Venetian citizen.

It does not take long before Othello is convinced of Desdemona's betrayal. He chooses the words of Iago over his trust in his wife, and declares "my relief must be to loathe her.

Othello's Background

He tries to hide his inner turmoil but Desdemona can tell that he is troubled. He complains that he has a headache. She pulls out a handkerchief embroidered with strawberries and lovingly puts it to his head, but he pushes it away and it falls to the ground.