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The connection between religion and fear in the novel jude the obscure by thomas hardy

Her mind, her education, her unconventional beliefs and especially her insistence on these beliefs impress Jude. His affection to Arabella Donn is quite different. She whom he addressed was a fine dark-eyed girl, not exactly handsome, but capable of passing as such at a little distance, despite some coarseness of skin and fibre. She had a round and prominent bosom, full lips, perfect teeth, and the rich complexion of a Cochin hen's egg.

She was a complete and substantial female animal -- no more, no less. Therefore, they lead their lives under different circumstances and get different social recognition. By this example, Hardy criticizes the rigidity of certain conventions in the Victorian Age. Although they are so unlike, he has a relationship to both of them because he yearns for a merge of rationality and feeling. His cousin Sue symbolizes rationality.

She supports his dream to study at the University of Christminster, in the town they meet for the first time. Both enjoy sharing the interest of reading books. Her intelligence and freethinking has great influence on Jude, so that she becomes an ideal woman in his eyes. The more they spend time together and come closer, they begin to feel more than a friendship or a cousinship. He desires her as a lover, though they do not marry, because of the belief that the marriages in the Fawley family have a tragic end.

The connection between religion and fear in the novel jude the obscure by thomas hardy

Moreover, Sue is in need of a partner who is a good friend and not a lover. Her rationality prevails her emotions because she fears to loose her self- restraint, so she blocks her longing for a relationship which oversteps the boundaries of a friendship. After recognizing that the close friendship with her cousin results in rumours, she chooses to marry another man, Richard Phillotson.

Besides protecting her reputation, he would give her the friendship she is longing for. Working together at a school, they spend much time together.

In his company Sue can continue her education, feels accepted and encouraged to actualize her ideals. She misses Jude and the emotions she refused in his presence. She asks Jude not to give her up, while she has wanted him to forget her before. The reason for her contradictory behaviour is her hopeless waver between her mind and her heart.

She cannot find a balance which satisfies her requirements. First, she believes that a marriage with Phillotson would be reasonable but she misses Jude and the desire which she refused. As Sue is honest to her husband, he shows her understanding. Therefore, Phillotson allows his wife to go back to Jude.

Sue and Jude begin to live together and except for sexuality, they are like husband and wife. At this point, Jude is confronted with the seperation of his needs. Jude sees no other choice than satisfying his craving with Arabella. Actually, he does not want to betray Sue but Arabella is his legal wife and he has the right to be together with her.

  • Instead of blaming herself or apologizing, she wants Jude to accept her mistakes which she ascribes to her nature;
  • When it comes out that this was a lie, she vindicates herself by saying that she is a woman.

From their first meeting on, Jude has a soft spot for Arabella: They have no other similarities or bondings holding them together. Both, Jude and Arabella, realize this, but unfortunately at a different point of time. In the widest sense of the word, their first meeting at Marygreen is an attack on Jude.

Contrasting Sue and Arabella in Thomas Hardy´s "Jude the Obscure"

Arabella throws a piece of flesh at him. Besides, she attacks him with her magnetism and Jude cannot defend himself.

Jude thinks that they are not made for each other and regrets that the relationship has even started. Whereas he dreams of books and degrees, she does not have any interest in education.

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There is only one thing that carries on their relationship, which is sex. Arabella is aware of that and she uses it. She is resolved to marry him and tells him that she is pregnant. Again, she does not leave him any other choice than doing what she wants.

When it comes out that this was a lie, she vindicates herself by saying that she is a woman. Instead of blaming herself or apologizing, she wants Jude to accept her mistakes which she ascribes to her nature: She utilizes her power, her strong personality, her determination, her intelligence and her sex to oppress Jude.

But what is the purpose of this marriage? A man and a woman living two different lives, try to get along with each other. Jude thinks his wife is cruel and despiteous because she kills pigs.

  • She utilizes her power, her strong personality, her determination, her intelligence and her sex to oppress Jude;
  • Wordsworth Classics, 1993 79;
  • She utilizes her power, her strong personality, her determination, her intelligence and her sex to oppress Jude;
  • At this point, Jude is confronted with the seperation of his needs;
  • Arabella is aware of that and she uses it.

The couple does not have interest or respect for each other. Jude is afraid of that before they marry but he wants to bear the responsibility of becoming a father. After hearing that the pregnancy was a lie, he is not consistent enough to leave her. However, she acts more selfish when she understands her fault. There she lives with her parents who later take care of her son. Jude does not know about his child before Arabella needs someone to look after him.

She gives her son away to Sue and Jude. She just tries to live every day to its fullest. Wordsworth Classics, 1993 79.