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The army of the potomac and the vicotry in the battle of gettysburg

Lincoln and The Battle of Gettysburg: Instead, for him, the battle produced a harvest of bitterness and disappointment.

Battle Of Gettysburg

Lamont Wood, whose book Lincoln's Planner: A depiction of the 1863 Battle of Gettysburg. Hand-colored lithograph by Currier and Ives. After two years of indecisive yet bloody warfare, Lincoln glimpsed victory in July 1863.

Another Union army was advancing in central Tennessee, while on the coast the Union siege of Charleston looked promising.

  • Lamont Wood, whose book Lincoln's Planner;
  • But the Federals had failed to place troops upon those hills, as Lee learned from an early morning reconnaissance report;
  • Lincoln was back in the telegraph office when notice arrived from Vicksburg of the Confederate surrender there on July 4.

But there was no follow-through. But that was as upbeat as things got.

  • Above the blood-soaked fields, a similar drama was playing out on Little Round Top;
  • A massive assault from the north by Confederate forces pushed the Union defenders to the high ground south of the town;
  • He was within your easy grasp, and to have closed upon him would, in connection with our other late successes, have ended the war.

Meanwhile, torrential rains began falling at Gettysburg and Lee began pulling his army out of Pennsylvania. From out of left field, the Confederate vice president, Alexander H. Stephens showed up under a flag of truce at Fortress Monroe, asking to come to Washington to talk to Lincoln, supposedly to discuss prisoner exchanges.

Lincoln accompanied by his 10-year-old son Tad then visited wounded general and Republican friend and all-round scandal magnet Dan Sickles, who had been evacuated to Washington after losing a leg at Gettysburg. Back at the telegraph office, Lincoln saw a report about a Union cavalry raid the previous day that destroyed a Confederate pontoon bridge across the Potomac at Falling Waters, West Virginia.

Lincoln bypassed the chain of command and directly telegraphed Gen. William French asking if the rain-swollen Potomac could be forded. The enticing implication was that Lee was stuck on the north side of the Potomac, unable to retreat to Virginia, and subject to momentary destruction by the pursuing Federals — a development that could wrap up the war.

Too Quiet on the Potomac The next day Monday, July 6 Lincoln attended a morning Cabinet meeting and convinced them to ignore Stephens—if the Confederate vice president really wanted to talk about prisoner exchanges, there were existing channels for that.

Herman Haupt, the chief railroad engineer of the Union army, who pulled into town from Gettysburg on one of his trains and rushed to the White House. He told Lincoln that he feared Gen. George Meade, commander of the Army of the Potomac, was going to let Lee get away. Haupt had spoken with Meade Saturday and heard Meade say that his army had nearly been defeated and needed rest. Lincoln then spent the afternoon back in the telegraph office, and what he saw confirmed the fears raised by Gen.

He returned to the White House about 7 and wrote to Gen. Henry Halleck, his chief of staff, complaining that the messages he saw indicated a policy of herding the enemy forces across the river rather than trapping and destroying them. The next morning Tuesday, July 7 Gen.

  1. He hoped to draw Lee into attacking him on high ground along Pipe Steam Creek. He and his wife, Dr.
  2. He issued orders to his subordinates to not bring on a general engagement until the army could concentrate its forces. Meanwhile, the Confederates divided their forces and investigated various targets, such as Harrisburg, the Pennsylvanian capital.
  3. Lee decided upon a second invasion of the North.
  4. Lamont Wood, whose book Lincoln's Planner.

Meade finally had his infantry march in pursuit of Lee. Lincoln was back in the telegraph office when notice arrived from Vicksburg of the Confederate surrender there on July 4.

Battle of Gettysburg

The city erupted into celebration and a crowd eventually gathered outside the White House demanding a speech. Lincoln was heard to complain that Gen. Friday, the opposing armies probed each other, while Lincoln sent a telegram to an old friend back in Illinois, saying that the rumors were true and Lee had indeed been defeated at Gettysburg. Saturday July 11 Gen. Meade pushed the attack back a day, saying he needed time for reconnaissance.

On Monday, July 13, Lincoln sent a thank you letter to Gen. The next day, Lincoln wrote a thank you letter to Gen. Meade, as he had done to Gen. But the tone was radically different. He was within your easy grasp, and to have closed upon him would, in connection with our other late successes, have ended the war.

As it is, the war will be prolonged indefinitely. Your golden opportunity is gone, and I am distressed immeasurably because of it.

1863: The Battle of Gettysburg

As Lincoln feared, the war did drag on, lasting nearly two more years. The main impact of Gettysburg was that Lee would never again launch a major offensive.

What do you think of this article?

  • On 19 November 1863, President Lincoln delivered his famous Gettysburg Address during the dedication of a new national cemetery at the site of the Battle of Gettysburg;
  • During the battle, a random bullet went through the door of a house, striking and killing 20-year-old Mary Virginia Jenny Wade;
  • Total casualties from that one-day battle exceeded 23,000;
  • There were again heavy losses on both sides.

Let us know below. Lamont Wood is a journalist and history writer. He has been freelancing for more than three decades in the history, high-tech, and industrial fields. He has sold more than six hundred magazine feature articles and twelve books.

He and his wife, Dr. His book, Lincoln's Planner: