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Odysseus challenge upon facing kyklopes polyphemus in the odyssey by homer

Cite References Print Abstract The defining characteristics of Odysseus in classical literature are interpreted in wildly different ways by different authors: Throughout classical literature, the different depictions of Odysseus range widely: In The Odyssey, though stubborn and boastful, Odysseus otherwise exhibits courage, cunning, sharp intellect and concern for his men -— all traits that characterize the archetypal hero.

  1. This lesson resounds throughout Greek literature.
  2. Every now and then, his pride would get the better of him and he would become wild and unchecked, a primal force of passion and fury.
  3. Then, he had to deal with the challenge of being held captive by Calypso for several years, and when he gets home, he has to meet the challenge of the many suitors who have been abusing his family's hospitality and attempting to force his wife to marry one of them. His cunning plan to conceal the truth allows him to obtain assistance from Calypso and, therefore, satisfies his self-serving interests.
  4. It does not reflect the inner mastery that we need to successfully deal with change. Peace on the island is eventually restored through the intervention of Athena, goddess of wisdom, victory and war.
  5. He would lose his grip on reason.

In Philoctetes, Odysseus is deceitful and conniving, as he abandons morality by devising a plan to exploit a sick, wounded, and forgotten man Philoctetes. In Ajax, Odysseus appears to act nobly and magnanimously when he advocates a proper funeral for Ajax; however, upon closer scrutiny, one can allege that this man is, rather, primarily serving his self-interests.

  1. He gets drunk, refuses to fly, and comes apart at the seams. The folktale world through which he travels in Books 9 to 12 is told indirectly by Odysseus on his journey home to a Phaeacian audience, rather than directly by the poet.
  2. Two more of his men were killed upon polyphemus' return odysseus gave the cyclops some wine to wash down his meal the order of the odyssey by homer is different from my account of the odyssey related information name calypso, - oblivion.
  3. Painted by Domenico Beccafumi circa 1514. Maverick is devastated by the loss of Goose, his friend.
  4. It was at the island of the Cyclops that things really came unstuck. Some of the atrocities at Troy, notably the killing of the young boy Astyanax son of Hector and Andromache , are sheeted home to Odysseus by the poets.

In the Aeneid, Odysseus is depicted as crafty by virtue of the scheme that he devised to sack Troy. In Hecuba, Euripedes portrays Odysseus as heartless and egocentric owing to his indifference to human suffering. A depiction of a scene from The Odyssey on a Greek national stamp, circa 1983.

Returning from war

In The Odyssey, Homer illustrates that, despite all of his human frailties, he is ultimately a heroic character due to his bravery and sharp intellect. Furthermore, Odysseus shows himself to be a cerebral, cognitive character when he overcomes any lustful or manly urges to leave Calypso; he lets rational thought prevail in eventually extricating himself from her lair.

  • It is a lesson that we are still learning today;
  • As a human bat, Batman uses disguise to good effect, as Odysseus does, and he thrives on conducting his challenges in the darkness of night;
  • Though unabashedly obstinate,poignantly demonstrated when he insists upon listening to the Sirens Homer 12;
  • His cunning plan to conceal the truth allows him to obtain assistance from Calypso and, therefore, satisfies his self-serving interests.

He also acts in a clever fashion when he describes himself as homesick to Calypso: Rather than overtly stating that he misses his wife, Odysseus shrewdly provides another excuse that will not evoke jealousy in Calypso but, rather, a desire to help him. His cunning plan to conceal the truth allows him to obtain assistance from Calypso and, therefore, satisfies his self-serving interests.

What are the challenges that Odysseus had to face on his journey home?

His quick wit continues to manifest itself when he offers the Cyclops, Polyphemus, some wine so as to inebriate the creature: Thus, this act of sheer cunning depicts Odysseus as a shrewd character who actively outthinks his opponents in whatever challenge with which he is encumbered. By the same token, Odysseus demonstrates his quick wit when he tricks the Cyclops in order to cover his tracks: Then you can offer me a gift, as your guest.

My name is Nobody. By employing such convincing rhetoric, Odysseus eventually escapes the land of the Cyclops, overcoming yet another obstacle due to his acumen.

Odysseus challenge upon facing kyklopes polyphemus in the odyssey by homer

Homer clearly portrays Odysseus as an astute and heroic figure, accordingly. Though unabashedly obstinate,poignantly demonstrated when he insists upon listening to the Sirens Homer 12. His ability to quickly conjure up and set into motion a cunning plan serves as a testament to his lively and heroic persona.

Odysseus is decisive and has the courage to act upon his convictions; however,his lack of hesitation is prudently tempered by an appropriate amount of patience, ultimately culminating in impeccable timing, with him definitively striking at just the right moment.

Through his efforts to confront and kill the suitors, Odysseus displays courage and concern for his family.

Moreover, Odysseus possesses abundant physical attributes, including strength, powerdexterity and skill with fighting tools— all of which complement his mental prowess, resourcefulness and ingenuity, thus qualifying him as a quintessential heroic figure. In Philoctetes, diametrical to the Homeric portrayal, Sophocles reveals an Odysseus whose thirst for glory transcends his moral scruples, thus depicting him as a villainous figure and antagonist. Odysseus proposes that they beguile Philoctetes into returning with his arrows to Troy because they alone are prophesized to bring good fortune with a speedy victory in the war against Troy.

The two men express their distinct views on the principle of moral integrity: Odysseus appears utterly devoid of compassion or concern for others, as he equates treacherous scheming and doing harm unto others with a favorable reward and achieving success.

  • He finds that 108 young men from the local vicinity have invaded his house to put pressure on his wife Penelope to marry one of them;
  • We believe that we are masters of the world;
  • In many ways the Odyssey is the most renowned literary work from Greek antiquity, even though some people would say it lacks the radical brilliance of the Iliad;
  • Furthermore, this blatant exploitation portrays Odysseus as an adept manipulator and avaricious opportunist willing to employ whatever means necessary to survive and ultimately achieve his goal:

This lack of sensitivity manifests itself in this passage and contributes to the depravity that characterizes Odysseus throughout this play. As the play progresses, he continues to coerce and corrupt Neoptolemus into abandoning his moral principles through manipulation and persuasive rhetoric.

The Many Faces of Odysseus in Classical Literature

Odysseus is deftly portrayed as being self-serving and greedy, as he belabors the importance of telling a lie for the sake of self-aggrandizement and ingratiating himself with the gods and his fellow men. For this unsavory incarnation of Odysseus, the ends do justify the means: He continues to break Neoptolemus down, peeling back his layers one by one until the latter is stripped of his moral principles and ultimately relegated to compliance.

What challenges does Odysseus face in The Odyssey?

The aforementioned passage suggests that Odysseus is an archetypal villain who is firmly rooted in his deprave ways: Furthermore, this blatant exploitation portrays Odysseus as an adept manipulator and avaricious opportunist willing to employ whatever means necessary to survive and ultimately achieve his goal: Thus, one can intimate that Odysseus serves as a dramatic foil to the honorable and self-righteous Philoctetes.

In addition, though portrayed in a negative fashion, he is also represented as an adaptable man like Theramenes, an Athenian politician of Ancient Greece.

Odysseus and the Cyclops: mastery, humility, and fate

In Philoctetes, his manipulation of Neoptolemus through persuasive rhetoric further promotes a negative connotation of Odysseus in classical literature. In stark contrast, in Ajax, also by Sophocles, Odysseus can be deemed noble and magnanimous, prima facie, by virtue of his vehement support of a burial for Ajax.

However, underneath the surface, one might suggest that this seemingly noble act was performed only in order to ultimately curry favor with his countrymen and the gods. Odysseus constantly alludes to the gods and insists that Ajax must be buried in order to appear just and obedient to these capricious beings.

  • Wikimedia The quest of Odysseus to get back to his island and eject the suitors is built on the power of his love for home and family;
  • Athena takes Telemachus from the female space of the house to the outside world of male politics;
  • Odysseus faces a great many challenges in The Odyssey.