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History of the king ferdinand of aragon and queen isabella of castille

See Article History Alternative Titles: In 1461, in the midst of a bitterly contested succession, John II named him heir apparent and governor of all his kingdoms and lands. In addition to participating in court life, the young prince saw battle during the Catalonian wars.

  1. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind. His will indicates that he died with a clear conscience , ordering that his body be moved to Granada and buried next to that of his wife Isabella, so that they might be reunited for eternity.
  2. Henry tried to orchestrate marriage for Isabella with a number of people he had chosen.
  3. In the Catholic Church, she is thus titled Servant of God. Ferdinand had an imposing personality but was never very genial.

He also provided him with teachers who taught him humanistic attitudes and wrote him treatises on the art of government. Ferdinand had no apparent bent for formal studies, but he was a patron of the arts and a devotee of vocal and instrumental music.

Ferdinand had an imposing personality but was never very genial. From his father he acquired sagacity, integritycourage, and a calculated reserve; from his mother, an impulsive emotionality, which he generally repressed. Under the responsibility of kingship he had to conceal his stronger passions and adopt a cold, impenetrable mask. He married the princess Isabella of Castile in Valladolid in October 1469.

Ferdinand and Isabella marry

This was a marriage of political opportunism, not romance. The court of Aragon dreamed of a return to Castile, and Isabella needed help to gain succession to the throne. The marriage initiated a dark and troubled life, in which Ferdinand fought on the Castilian and Aragonese fronts in order to impose his authority over the noble oligarchiesshifting his basis of support from one kingdom to the other according to the intensity of the danger.

Despite the political nature of the union, he loved Isabella sincerely. She quickly bore him children: The marriage began, however, with almost continual separation. Ferdinand, often away in the Castilian towns or on journeys to Aragon, reproached his wife for the comfort of her life.

  • However, in contrast to the determined leadership by Isabella and Ferdinand, Granada's divided leadership of the late fifteenth century was no match;
  • At that time, her much older half-brother Henry IV became king;
  • In addition, miracles have reportedly been attributed to her.

His extramarital affairs caused Isabella jealousy for several years. Between the ages of 20 and 30, Ferdinand performed a series of heroic deeds.

Ferdinand rushed from Zaragoza to Segovia, where Isabella had herself proclaimed queen of Castile on December 13. This initiated a confederation of kingdoms, which was the institutional basis for modern Spain.

  • Even without the benefit of the American expansion, Spain would have been a major European power;
  • The principal mosque was reconsecrated as a church;
  • In 1974, Pope Paul VI opened her cause for beatification;
  • You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind;
  • However, in contrast to the determined leadership by Isabella and Ferdinand, Granada's divided leadership of the late fifteenth century was no match;
  • Queen Isabella's titles passed to her daughter Juana of Castile la Loca whose marriage to Philip the Handsome was troubled.

In portraits he appears with soft, well-proportioned features, a small, sensual mouth, and pensive eyes. His literary descriptions are more complicated, although they agree in presenting him as good-looking, of medium height, and a good rider, devoted to games and to the hunt.

He had a clear, strong voice. From 1475 to 1479 Ferdinand struggled to take a firm seat in Castile with his young wife and to transform the kingdom politically, using new institutional molds partly inspired by those of Aragon.

Catholic Monarchs

This policy of modernization included a ban against all religions other than Roman Catholicism. The establishment of the Spanish Inquisition 1478 to enforce religious uniformity and the expulsion of the Jews 1492 were both part of a deliberate policy designed to strengthen the church, which would in turn support the crown.

The years 1482—92 were frantic for Ferdinand. In the spring months he directed the campaign against the kingdom of Granadashowing his military talent to good effect, and he conquered the kingdom inch by inch, winning its final capitulation on Jan.

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During the months of rest from war, he visited his kingdoms, learning their geography and problems firsthand. At the age of 50 Ferdinand was an incarnation of royalty, and fortune smiled on him.

Isabella of Castile

But he also suffered a succession of tragedies: Photograph by Joel Parham. This, too, was a political marriage, although he always showed her the highest regard.

Ferdinand II

A stay in Italy 1506—07 demonstrated how badly he was needed by the Spanish kingdoms. Once more in Castile, he managed his European policy so as to obtain a hegemony that would serve his expansionary ends in the Mediterranean and in Africa. In 1512, immediately after the schism in the church in which the kings of Navarre participated, he occupied their kingdom and incorporated it into Castile—one of the most controversial acts of his reign.

In early 1516 he began a trip to Granada; he stopped in Madrigalejo, the little site of the sanctuary of Guadalupe, where he died.

The day before his death, he had signed his last will and testament, an excellent picture of the monarch and of the political situation at his death. Many considered Ferdinand the saviour of his kingdoms, a bringer of unity.

Others despised him for having oppressed them. Machiavelli attributed to him the objectionable qualities of the Renaissance prince. His will indicates that he died with a clear conscienceordering that his body be moved to Granada and buried next to that of his wife Isabella, so that they might be reunited for eternity.