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Evaluation of the effects of fear in the tragedy macbeth

Plot Summary Acts 1 and 2 Act 1, Scene 1 Amidst thunder and lightning, three witches meet to plan their encounter with Macbeth, a Scottish general and the Thane of Glamis. They agree to gather again at twilight upon a heath that Macbeth will cross on his way home from battle.

Act 1, Scene 2 King Duncan of the Scots awaits news of the battle between his men and the rebels led by the Thane of Cawdor. The King and his sons, Malcolm and Donalbain, meet a soldier who is weak and bleeding.

He reports that Macbeth and Banquo have performed valiantly in the fight. His admiration of the noble yet brutal Macbeth is deep indeed: For brave Macbeth--well he deserves that name-- Disdaining fortune, with his brandish'd steelWhich smoked with bloody execution, Like valour's minion carved out his passage.

Till he unseam'd him from the nave to the chaps, And fix'd his head upon our battlements. Act 1, Scene 3 The Witches meet on the dark and lonely heath to await Macbeth.

To pass the time they exchange boasts about their evil deeds. Macbeth and Banquo come across the Weird Sisters and we see immediately that Macbeth has a strange connection to the Witchesmimicking their famous words spoken earlier in the drama: Macbeth is startled by what he sees clearly as a prophecy that he will be Scotland's next ruler.

  1. Macbeth reaches the guards who have been awakened by the bell.
  2. Once alone, Macbeth and Banquo pretend not to believe anything the Weird Sisters have said, but in secret they cannot help thinking that there is a little truth to the Hags' words.
  3. In Act One Scene 7, for example, tension is built up as we see how close he comes to resisting the blandishments of the witches. More fear of losing the impending battle with England, makes Macbeth start doing anything that will give him an edge in the final battle.
  4. Macbeth's words of regret bring the scene to a close. They claimed that Macbeth would be King, but it would be Banquo's children that would follow after him.

He is too stunned to speak and thus Banquo asks the Witches if there is any more to their premonition. They do have something to add, not about Macbeth, but about Banquo.

MacBeth - Analysis of Fear

They talk in riddles, telling him he will be "Lesser than Macbeth, and greater" and "Not so happy, yet much happier" 1. They also tell Banquo that even though he will never himself be king, he will beget future kings of Scotland.

Then the Witches disappear into the darkness, despite the pleadings of Macbeth, whose shock has turned to the lust for more information. Once alone, Macbeth and Banquo pretend not to believe anything the Weird Sisters have said, but in secret they cannot help thinking that there is a little truth to the Hags' words. Macbeth and Banquo are stunned by the turn of events, realizing that the Witches are right about one facet of the prophecy, and Macbeth cannot help but focus on their other, greater prediction that he will be king.

He also embraces Banquo and thanks him for his courage during the rebellion. He announces that he has decided to visit Macbeth's castle at Iverness, and that he has chosen his son, Malcolm, to be the Prince of Cumberland and, therefore, the next king of Scotland.

Macbeth proposes that he leave early for his castle to make sure everything is perfect for the King's arrival, and Duncan happily approves. But Macbeth is really only concerned with the Evaluation of the effects of fear in the tragedy macbeth choice of successor. With ambitious thoughts racing through his mind, Macbeth again finds himself lusting after the crown: Act 1, Scene 5 The scene opens in a room in Macbeth's castle at Iverness.

Lady Macbeth is reading a letter sent by her husband, reporting all of the strange events he has witnessed. She learns of the prophecy of the Witches and that one prediction has already come true. Lady Macbeth is ecstatic and she fixes her mind on obtaining the throne for Macbeth by any means necessary. But Lady Macbeth knows that her husband has a weakness that will prevent him from taking the steps required to secure the crown. But she fears that he is without the wickedness that should attend those murderous thoughts.

Although the unusually vicious slaying of his enemies on the battlefield have us questioning his propensity for evil, Lady Macbeth feels that he is simply "too full o' the milk of human kindness" to kill King Duncan.

She, however, thinks herself not as compassionate as her husband, and when a messenger arrives with word that Duncan plans to visit Inverness, she is overjoyed that the opportunity to murder the King has presented itself so soon.

She summons all the evil spirits to ensure that no pleadings of any man will come between her and her monstrous deed: Come you spirits And fill me, from the crown to the toe, top-full Of direst cruelty! She subtly hints at her intentions: Macbeth dodges the matter at hand and sheepishly tells her that they will speak further on the subject. Lady Macbeth confidently assures him, "Leave all the rest to me" 1. Act 1, Scene 6 Duncan arrives at the castle with his sons, and Banquo, Lennox, Macduff, and others in his party.

Ironically, Duncan and Banquo discuss the beauty of the castle while inside it reeks of moral decay. Banquo goes so far as to say that the "temple-haunting martlet" does approve of the castle and its sweet smelling fresh air.

Unbeknownst to Banquo, this is a particularly inappropriate reference to the martlet, a bird known for building its nest near holy places. Lady Macbeth is the first to greet Duncan and his court. She welcomes them gracefully to her humble abode. As is the custom of the land, she tells the King that she has prepared an account of all that she owns so that Duncan may perform an inventory of his subjects' belongings.

  1. Because Macbeth was scared of being caught and having to pay for the wrongs he had done. Macbeth dodges the matter at hand and sheepishly tells her that they will speak further on the subject.
  2. This can be proved by the subsequent murders that followed after Duncan's, why were these committed?
  3. Macbeth and Banquo come across the Weird Sisters and we see immediately that Macbeth has a strange connection to the Witches , mimicking their famous words spoken earlier in the drama.

But Duncan does not want to discuss such matters. He again expresses his love for Macbeth and they all move behind the castle walls.

Act 1, Scene 7 Macbeth is alone in a dining room in the castle.

His conscience is acting up, and he is particularly worried about the punishment he will receive in the afterlife. But he concludes that even if heaven were not going to judge him, he cannot bring himself to kill Duncan, whom he believes is a good man and an excellent monarch. Lady Macbeth walks in on her husband and sees the indecision on his face. Macbeth tells her that he has changed his mind: Lady Macbeth, who is ruthless beyond comprehension, refuses to accept Macbeth's decision.

Soliloquy and Aside

Instead, Lady Macbeth plays upon his emotions, calling him a coward and accusing him of not loving her. Her cunning words work well on Macbeth, and she turns his mind back to thoughts of murder. However, he is still afraid and he asks her "If we should fail? With conviction and confidence enough for both of them, Lady Macbeth responds to her husband's doubts: Macbeth is once and for all convinced -- they will proceed with the murder of the King.

Act 2, Scene 1 The night falls over the castle at Iverness. Banquo comments to his son, Fleance, that it is as black a night as he has seen. Banquo is having trouble sleeping, for the prophecy of the Witches is foremost on his mind.

  • Lady Macbeth, who is ruthless beyond comprehension, refuses to accept Macbeth's decision;
  • Macbeth goes to an empty room and waits for his wife to ring the bell, signaling that Duncan's guards are in a drunken slumber.

He hints that he too has been thinking ambitious thoughts and he begs the heavens for the will to suppress them: Banquo meets Macbeth in the courtyard and he tries to bring up the subject of the Witches but Macbeth refuses to discuss them or their predictions. He bluntly replies "I think not of them", and bids Banquo goodnight. Macbeth goes to an empty room and waits for his wife to ring the bell, signaling that Duncan's guards are in a drunken slumber.

Macbeth's mind is racing with thoughts of the evil he is about to perform and he begins to hallucinate, seeing a bloody dagger appear in the air. He soliloquizes on the wickedness in the world before concluding that talking about the murder will only make the deed that much harder to complete.

Suddenly, a bell rings out. Macbeth braces himself and utters these final words: I go, evaluation of the effects of fear in the tragedy macbeth it is done; the bell invites me. Hear it not, Duncan, for it is a knell That summons thee to heaven, or to hell.

She hears moans of torture coming from Duncan's quarters and she loses some of her composure. She fears that they have awoken the guards and she confesses that she would have killed the King herself if he did not resemble her own father. Macbeth returns a murderer; his hands dripping in the blood of his victims. The two whisper about the deed and Macbeth nervously recounts the cries each man made before he stabbed them.

Lady Macbeth tells him to "consider it not so deeply" 2. Lady Macbeth pleads with her husband to put the act out of his mind but Macbeth only thinks harder upon what he has done. He hears a voice cry "Glamis hath murther'd sleep: Macbeth shall sleep no more! Lady Macbeth insists that he go wash his face and hands and place the daggers that he has so carelessly brought back with him in the hands of the guards.

Macbeth refuses to return to the scene of the crime and so Lady Macbeth goes instead. Alone, Macbeth stares at his blood-soaked hands: What hands are here? Will all great Neptune's ocean wash this blood Clean from my hand? No; this my hand will rather The multitudinous seas incarnadine, Making the green one red. They hear a knock at the castle doors and Lady Macbeth again demands that Macbeth wash up and go to bed, for they must pretend that they have been sound asleep the entire night.

Macbeth's words of regret bring the scene to a close: I would thou couldst! Act 2, Scene 3 The knocking at the south entrance grows louder and more frequent.

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A porter walks slowly to open the doors, pondering what it would be like to be the door-keeper of hell. Macduff and Lennox are at the doors, arriving to visit King Duncan. Macbeth comes down to greet the two noblemen. Overnight he has fully regained his composure and pretends that their early morning knocking has awakened him.

  • Macduff and Lennox are at the doors, arriving to visit King Duncan;
  • Macbeth returns a murderer; his hands dripping in the blood of his victims;
  • In conclusion you can see what fear can do to a person, it made Macbeth mad for power which he ended up getting;
  • To begin, we'll address Macbeth's subsequent murders, following Duncan's;
  • Also when he went back to see the witches he gained some more knowledge, "Macbeth!
  • Macbeth can't have this, he's already worried that his soul will go to hell for what he's already done.

Macduff proceeds to the King's chambers while Lennox tells Macbeth about the fierce storm they encountered on their journey to Inverness. In the howling wind they heard 'strange screams of death' 2. Macbeth's response is ironic and cruelly comical: He tells Lennox that it is a horrible and bloody sight, comparing it to Medusa herself.

He rings the alarum bell while Macbeth runs to King Duncan's quarters. Macbeth reaches the guards who have been awakened by the bell. Before they can proclaim their innocence, Macbeth kills them and reports to Macduff that he has murdered Duncan's assassins in a fit of fury.