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Differences between the old and new films

Film industry Founded in 1912, the Babelsberg Studio near Berlin was the first large-scale film studio in the world, and the forerunner to Hollywood. It still produces global blockbusters every year. The making and showing of motion pictures became a source of profit almost as soon as the process was invented.

In each country, they would normally add new, local scenes to their catalogue and, quickly enough, found local entrepreneurs in the various countries of Europe to buy their equipment and photograph, export, import, and screen additional product commercially.

The Oberammergau Passion Play of 1898[ citation needed ] was the first commercial motion picture ever produced. Other pictures soon followed, and motion pictures became a separate industry that overshadowed the vaudeville world. Dedicated theaters and companies formed specifically to produce and distribute films, while motion picture actors became major celebrities and commanded huge fees for their performances. By 1917 Charlie Chaplin had a contract that called for an annual salary of one million dollars.

  1. Sub-industries of pre-existing industries may deal specifically with film, such as product placement and other advertising within films.
  2. As a result, in the Internet era, viewers often seek out trailers to watch them.
  3. A snobby prince Dan Stevens is cursed by an enchantress and turned into a hideous beast until he can learn to love and be loved in return. Some films in recent decades have been recorded using analog video technology similar to that used in television production.
  4. Filmmaking At its core, the means to produce a film depend on the content the filmmaker wishes to show, and the apparatus for displaying it. Trailers are now shown before the film or the "A film" in a double feature program begins.
  5. Modern digital video cameras and digital projectors are gaining ground as well. A film's "cast" refers to a collection of the actors and actresses who appear, or "star," in a film.

From 1931 to 1956, film was also the only image storage and playback system for television programming until the introduction of videotape recorders. Profit is a key force in the industry, due to the costly and risky nature of filmmaking; many films have large cost overrunsan example being Kevin Costner 's Waterworld.

Yet many filmmakers strive to create works of lasting social significance. The Academy Awards also known as "the Oscars" are the most prominent film awards in the United Statesproviding recognition each year to films, based on their artistic merits. There is also a large industry for educational and instructional films made in lieu of or in addition to lectures and texts. Revenue in the industry is sometimes volatile due to the reliance on blockbuster films released in movie theaters.

Film theoryProduct placementand Propaganda Derivative academic fields of study may both interact with and develop independently of filmmaking, as in film theory and analysis. Fields of academic study have been created that are derivative or dependent on the existence of film, such as film criticismfilm historydivisions of film propaganda in authoritarian governments, or psychological on subliminal effects e.

These fields may further create derivative fields, such as a movie review section in a newspaper or a television guide. Sub-industries can spin off from film, such as popcorn makers, and film-related toys e. Sub-industries of pre-existing industries may deal specifically with film, such as product placement and other advertising within films. Terminology The terminology used for describing motion pictures varies considerably between British and American English. In British usage, the name of the medium is "film".

The word "movie" is understood but seldom used. In other countries, the place where movies are exhibited may be called a cinema or movie theatre. By contrast, in the United States, "movie" is the predominant form.

Although the words "film" and "movie" are sometimes used interchangeably, "film" is more often used when considering artistictheoreticalor technical aspects. Further terminology is used to distinguish various forms and media used in the film industry.

A reproduction based on such is called a "transfer. For many decades, tape was solely an analog medium onto which moving images could be either recorded or transferred. However, the act of shooting images with other visual media, such as with a digital camera, is still called "filming" and the resulting works often called "films" as interchangeable to "movies," despite not being shot on film.

  1. The third year, post-production and distribution.
  2. One might propose "going to the cinema" when referring to the activity, or sometimes "to the pictures" in British English, whereas the US expression is usually "going to the movies. A snobby prince Dan Stevens is cursed by an enchantress and turned into a hideous beast until he can learn to love and be loved in return.
  3. Digital methods have also been used to restore films, although their continued obsolescence cycle makes them as of 2006 a poor choice for long-term preservation. Some films in recent decades have been recorded using analog video technology similar to that used in television production.

The word, " Talkies ," refers to the earliest sound films created to have audible dialogue recorded for playback along with the film, regardless of a musical accompaniment. The " silver screen " refers to the projection screen used to exhibit films and, by extension, is also used as a metonym for the entire film industry. An " independent " is a film made outside the conventional film industry.

Differences between the old and new films US usage, one talks of a " screening " or " projection " of a movie or video on a screen at a public or private "theater. Theaters can still screen movies in them, though the theater would be retrofitted to do so. One might differences between the old and new films "going to the cinema" when referring to the activity, or sometimes "to the pictures" in British English, whereas the US expression is usually "going to the movies.

But, cinemas may also show theatrical movies from their home video transfers that include Blu-ray Disc, DVD, and videocassette when they possess sufficient projection quality or based upon need, such as movies that exist only in their transferred state, which may be due to the loss or deterioration of the film master and prints from which the movie originally existed. Due to the advent of digital film production and distributionphysical film might be absent entirely.

A " double feature " is a screening of two independently marketed, stand-alone feature films. A "viewing" is a watching of a film. A " release " is the distribution and often simultaneous screening of a film.

A " preview " is a screening in advance of the main release. Any film may also have a " sequel ", which portrays events following those in the film. Bride of Frankenstein is an early example. When there are more films than one with the same characters, story arcs, or subject themes, these movies become a "series," such as the James Bond series.

And, existing outside a specific story timeline usually, does not exclude a film from being part of a series. A film that portrays events occurring earlier in a timeline with those in another film, but is released after that film, is sometimes called a " prequel ," an example being Butch and Sundance: The "credits," or "end credits," is a list that gives credit to the people involved in the production of a film.

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Films from before the 1970s usually start a film with credits, often ending with only a title card, saying "The End" or some equivalent, often an equivalent that depends on the language of the production[ citation needed ].

From then onward, a film's credits usually appear at the end of most films. However, films with credits that end a film often repeat some credits at or near the start of a film and therefore appear twice, such as that film's acting leads, while less frequently some appearing near or at the beginning only appear there, not at the end, which often happens to the director's credit.

The credits appearing at or near the beginning of a film are usually called "titles" or "beginning titles. Ferris Bueller's Day Off has a post-credit scene in which Ferris tells the audience that the film is over and they should go home. A film's "cast" refers to a collection of the actors and actresses who appear, or "star," in a film. A star is an actor or actress, often a popular one, and in many cases, a celebrity who plays a central character in a film.

Occasionally the word can also be used to refer to the fame of other members of the crew, such as a director or other personality, such as Martin Scorsese. A "crew" is usually interpreted as the people involved in a film's physical construction outside cast participation, and it could include directors, film editors, photographers, grips, gaffers, set decorators, prop masters, and costume designers.

A person can both be part of differences between the old and new films film's cast and crew, such as Woody Allenwho directed and starred in Take the Money and Run. A "film goer," "movie goer," or "film buff" is a person who likes or often attends films and movies, and any of these, though more often the latter, could also see oneself as a student to films and movies or the filmic process. Intense interest in films, film theory, and film criticism, is known as cinephilia. A film enthusiast is known as a cinephile or cineaste.

Test screening A preview performance refers to a showing of a film to a select audience, usually for the purposes of corporate promotions, before the public film premiere itself. Previews are sometimes used to judge audience reaction, which if unexpectedly negative, may result in recutting or even refilming certain sections based on the audience response.

One example of a film that was changed after a negative response from the test screening is 1982's First Blood. After the test audience responded very negatively to the death of protagonist John Ramboa Vietnam veteranat the end of the film, the company wrote and re-shot a new ending in which the character survives.

Film trailer Trailers or previews are advertisements for films that will be shown in 1 to 3 months at a cinema. Back in the early days of cinema, with theaters that had only one or two screens, only certain trailers were shown for the films that were going to be shown there. Later, when theaters added more screens or new theaters were built with a lot of screens, all different trailers were shown even if they weren't going to play that film in that theater.

Film studios realized that the more trailers that were shown even if it wasn't going to be shown in that particular differences between the old and new films the more patrons would go to a different theater to see the film when it came out.

The term "trailer" comes from their having originally been shown at the end of a film program. That practice did not last long because patrons tended to leave the theater after the films ended, but the name has stuck.

Trailers are now shown before the film or the "A film" in a double feature program begins.

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Trailers are created to be engaging and interesting for viewers. As a result, in the Internet era, viewers often seek out trailers to watch them. Of the ten billion videos watched online annually in 2008, film trailers ranked third, after news and user-created videos.

Teasers are used to get patrons excited about a film coming out in the next six to twelve months. Teasers may be produced even before the film production is completed. Education and propaganda Main articles: Educational film and Propaganda film Film is used for a range of goals, including education and propaganda.

When the purpose is primarily educational, a film is called an " educational film ". Examples are recordings of academic lectures and experiments, or a film based on a classic novel. They may also be works of political protest, as in the films of Andrzej Wajdaor more subtly, the differences between the old and new films of Andrei Tarkovsky.

The same film may be considered educational by some, and propaganda by others as the categorization of a film can be subjective. Filmmaking At its core, the means to produce a film depend on the content the filmmaker wishes to show, and the apparatus for displaying it: Film production can, therefore, take as little as one person with a camera or even without a camera, as in Stan Brakhage 's 1963 film Mothlightor thousands of actors, extras, and crew members for a live-action, feature-length epic.

The necessary steps for almost any film can be boiled down to conception, planning, execution, revision, and distribution. The more involved the production, the more significant each of the steps becomes.

In a typical production cycle of a Hollywood-style film, these main stages are defined as developmentpre-productionproductionpost-production and distribution. This production cycle usually takes three years. The first year is taken up with development. The second year comprises preproduction and production.

The third year, post-production and distribution. The bigger the production, the more resources it takes, and the more important financing becomes; most feature films are artistic works from the creators' perspective e. Film crew A film crew is a group of people hired by a film company, employed during the "production" or "photography" phase, for the purpose of producing a film or motion picture. Crew is distinguished from cast, who are the actors who appear in front of the camera or provide voices for characters in the film.

The crew interacts with but is also distinct from the production staff, consisting of producers, managers, company representatives, their assistants, and those whose primary responsibility falls in pre-production or post-production phases, such as screenwriters and film editors. Medium-to-large crews are generally divided into departments with well-defined hierarchies and standards for interaction and cooperation between the departments.

Other than acting, the crew handles everything in the photography phase: Caterers known in the film industry as "craft services" are usually not considered part of the crew. Cinematic techniques Film stock consists of transparent celluloidacetateor polyester base coated with an emulsion containing light-sensitive chemicals.