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Comparing and contrasting thomas hobbes and john locke

Hire Writer Hobbes and Locke did not have many of the same views on government.

Compare and contrast the philosophies of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke.

Though it is not directly stated in his text, most historians believe Hobbes was a supporter of absolute monarchy. He believed the government should have absolute authority over all the citizens.

He believed if such a government did not exist, we would live in a world of turmoil. The sovereign government has the obligation of keeping the peace and, when need be, national defense. The sovereign establishes all the laws, and has complete legislative, judicial, and executive authority. Hobbes believes that the sovereign should own all the land, but Locke believes that property is private—God gave us this property, and we should use and enjoy it.

Locke is also a supporter of the market economy.

He believes that when one invests his own labor, whatever he makes should become his own private property. Social contract binds the people and the government together.

  1. However, they are both completely different in terms of their stand and conclusions in several laws of nature. On the other hand, Locke was a known doctor from Oxford University.
  2. The sovereign government has the obligation of keeping the peace and, when need be, national defense.
  3. Locke believes the contract between the people and the government should be conditional.
  4. Please spread the word. According to Hobbes, if man simply does what he is told, he is safe.
  5. One example is the issue of human nature. On the other hand, Locke was a known doctor from Oxford University.

Hobbes thinks that citizens should relinquish all of their rights to the sovereign, because the sovereign knows what is best for them. His view of social contract is more like a covenant.

For example, citizens may be interrogated for a crime, but they do not have to confess. Locke believes a social contract is an agreement made between citizens who institute a government to prevent people from occasionally violating the natural laws.

Difference Between Locke and Hobbes

Locke believes the contract between the people and the government should be conditional. For the government to have the obedience and loyalty of the citizens, the government must perform certain functions and act appropriately. Although they have several differences, Thomas Hobbes and John Locke do share some of the same beliefs. Both Hobbes and Locke were passionate about politics, and they both wanted to promote the common good. Both theorists believed in the state and laws of nature; they just had different interpretations of it.

Comparing and Contrasting Locke and Hobbes’ State of Nature

Also, both Hobbes and Locke both believed that people are free and equal in the state of nature. Hobbes and Locke both believed that the primary purpose of the government is to protect people. However, if the government does not protect the citizens, the citizens can revolt and go against or above the sovereign.

Thomas Hobbes and John Locke were the two most influential political theorists of their time.

Comparing and Contrasting Thomas Hobbes and John Locke Essay

However, they had opposing views on almost every political issue. Hobbes believed there should be a monarch, while Locke supported Parliament. Hobbes and Locke wrote about and educated the citizens about the two extremes of running governments, and their opinions were so valuable that we still study them today, hence this paper.

  1. John Locke, on the other hand, has been coined the father of liberalism. The sovereign establishes all the laws, and has complete legislative, judicial, and executive authority.
  2. He was a strong advocate of religious toleration. Hobbes thinks that citizens should relinquish all of their rights to the sovereign, because the sovereign knows what is best for them.
  3. He believed the government should have absolute authority over all the citizens.

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