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Chinese and japanese art and culture relationship

Culture Japanese culture has been greatly influenced by the Chinese culture, and yet they are almost as different from each other as any two neighboring countries can ever be. Part of these differences may lie in the self-imposed isolation of Japan till Meiji revolutions, but there are other important reasons too, that make the two societies and cultures vastly different.

So here we are comparing Japanese culture with that of Chinese to bring similar beliefs, traditions and cultural aspects as well as differences they hold. Along with Indian Civilization, Chinese Civilization has influenced all societies inhabiting the Eastern part of the globe. Thus, there is an unmistakable influence of Chinese civilization on Japan.

Yet, as a society, Japan is so different and the basic underlying culture and ethics of these two societies so distinct that similarities soon fade away completely.

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Their comparison brings out very interesting observations. Similarities between the Japanese and the Chinese Cultures There are considerable similarities between the culture and life of people in these two neighbouring countries. Expectedly, these similarities are more easily visible to an observer from a third country, compared to a person belonging to either of them. Here is a list of a few more important ones.

Both are typical Asian cultures, surviving since a few millennia. Beginning with racial features and genetic stock, these similarities extend to various facets of life, traditional outlook, strong cultural roots and a certain spiritual outlook that is very much Asian and somewhat distinct from Western individualistic extrovert approach.

A typical individual in either of these countries is chinese and japanese art and culture relationship self-disciplined as one would expect from a strong civilization, even he or she was uneducated, poor or distressed.

Like all old Eastern cultures, the gender roles used to be highly differentiated in both societies. Both of these societies followed a patriarchal system of inheritance, and the head of the family used to be the eldest male. In both societies, extended families were common, and the social order dictated respect for elders and teachers.

Japanese art

In both China and Japan, modesty of womenfolk was part of the culture, though restrictions on women were far less compared to those practiced in Middle East countries. Confucianism is one of the common links that bind the two cultures. In both societies, one can observe apathy towards blatant consumerism, and a high tendency to save, as part of social and moral fabric, a cultural habit that also resulted partly from primacy of family, which has not only continued in modern times, but has also been instrumental in their high saving rates that fuelled their respective economic recoveries.

Traditional life of ancient times, as depicted by literature, drama and movies in both countries puts Buddhist monasteries, temples and other religious mystiques often at the centre of attention. Kanji, the symbol characters in Japan have a lot in common to the Chinese characters, and can actually be the common link between the Chinese and the Japanese, who do not understand each other's language, but still may be able to recognize the characters and thereby decipher the message therein.

The majority of people in both countries have adopted the Western outfit as the usual default dress, and traditional outfits are used occasionally for celebrations and festivities. However, in spite of all the Western influence, both countries still follow their own language and script, and though Christmas is an important event, both the countries have their own set of festivals and celebrations.

Typical inclined roofs giving a pagoda like appearance are a common feature of buildings in both countries. Lastly, the popularity of martial arts among the people is a common characteristic feature in both societies, even though there may be differences in Japanese and Chinese martial arts techniques. Differences between the Japanese and the Chinese Cultures With so many similarities in virtually every aspect of life from race, religion, family, tradition and even script, if you thought that cultures in the two countries are very much alike, you could not be farther from the truth.

There are, in fact, dissimilarities that far overweight the similarities between them, and make each of them a very distinct culture. Here are just a few of them.

The long history and exposure to several nationalities from Indians to the Europeans has brought in a lot of heterogeneity in Chinese culture.

In comparison, Japan has remained isolated from external influence for chinese and japanese art and culture relationship majority of its recorded history - a factor, which, along with its smaller size has allowed Japan to have a far more homogenous society. Unlike China, Japan also has a phonetic script, the Hiragana, which has little similarity with Chinese language. It is more like the Indo-European language group, suggesting possible linkages with Prakrit, the language of masses in ancient India, which was adopted by Buddha for his preaching.

  • The art of landscaping and gardening has developed to a high level of sophistication, in which carefully designed informal arrangements create the illusion of "natural" settings, in which the essence of nature is captured and tamed;
  • All other children were expected to leave the natal household and become members of another family system through marriage or adoption;
  • In the social sciences, economics and econometrics are the most widespread and highly developed fields;
  • A peculiarly Japanese strain of Buddhism arose in the 14th century, which came to be known as Zen Buddhism;
  • Japan's parliament, known as the Diet, consists of the House of Councilors and the House of Representatives;
  • Japanese weddings are elaborately staged and usually held in banquet halls or hotels.

In Japan, these two religious philosophies have virtually merged and blended together in a harmonious way that is typical of Eastern Dharmic religious schools like Buddhism and Hinduism. The Kami or the spirits of the ancestors are given a divine status in Japanese shrines, which frequently coexist together with Buddhist pagodas or temples.

However, modern Japanese have practically very little time to spare for religion, and his actual religious practices may be very different from his ancestors. The Japanese people also frequent Christian Churches, and lately marriages are often conducted there, similar to Western practices. In this regard, Chinese practices significantly differ, with a vast majority opting for communist ideology of atheism, even though a large segment still practices traditional Buddhism.

The Emperor continues to be an important influence in Japan, which can probably be best gauged by the fact that he has occupied the highest office of the ruler of Japan since at least the 5th century AD, without a single assassination of a ruler in over fifteen centuries of his history.

In China, the Communist Party has absolute control and royalties do not get any recognition today. Thus, the level of self discipline that is expected from a Japanese person is very high. Even in conversation with each other, Japanese persons follow a very polite approach.

In Japan, it would not be easy to come across quarrels in public, people yelling at each other, or other signs of social stress. In comparison, large segments of Chinese population pose the picture of a typical developing country, with level of politeness being relatively less commonly observed in public life. To be fair to the Chinese people, one must add that their level of politeness and social harmony is as good as any other country.

It is just that the Japanese people are unique in this regard. Chinese and japanese art and culture relationship Japanese music is highly influenced by the Western counterparts. Another important feature of Japanese culture is its folk dances and traditional festivities.

All these are very different from the Chinese dance and music, which has a traditional component as well as more recent genres of popular music. The differences between the movies of the two countries are also notable, with Chinese movies relatively more dominated by martial arts and historical tales, whereas Japanese movies indicate greater experimentation and some great master pieces.

While the Chinese food is spicy and involves a lot of frying chinese and japanese art and culture relationship cooking, the Japanese food is far less spicy, and has very subtle flavours compared to other local foods in Asia, as exemplified with Sushi, one of the most well known Japanese dishes.

On the contrary, Chinese food provides a variety of cooking styles that indicate the thousands of years of its civilization, and reaffirm that cooking complexities can perhaps be a useful indicator of the depth of a civilization.

Both societies have their distinct alcoholic beverages, like Sake and Shochu in Japan and Huagjiu and Baijiu in China. The concept of honor strongly prevails as a social marker of an individual, and brings a lot of discipline in the life of a Japanese individual.

Compared to their Chinese counterparts, workers in Japan are likely to be more hard working and also more likely to treat it as an essential part of their work ethics.

The resulting rise of nationalism in the first half of twentieth century resulted in a unique evolution of Japan, which can be best characterized by the rise of family businesses with their unique Japanese management practices on one hand and the practice of hara-kiri or suicide on part of Japanese soldiers that made their surrender so difficult in the Second World War.

After the war, Japan again experienced high rate of economic growth and urbanization, which changed the society completely by the eighties. On the contrary, China society remained highly traditional till the seventies, and although it has experienced unprecedented economic growth in last few decades, the per capita income is still low, except in the larger cities.