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Case study disgust and a specific phobia of buttons

Case study — disgust and a specific phobia of buttons Aim Examine the role of classical conditioning in relation to fear and avoidance of a particular stimulus; to see if using a type of exposure therapy would reduce the disgust and distress associated with buttons Case report 9-year-old hispanic boy, he met the DSM IV criteria for specific phobia of buttons Phobia began when he was 5 years old. When he reached the bowl, his hand slipped and all the buttons in the bowl fell on him. Described the situation as distressful.

It became more difficult for him to handle buttons.

  • Ethical issues are always a major concern if you use children in a study but informed consent from mother and from the boy;
  • He was asked to talk about how these imagery exposures made him feel.

Not being able to dress himself and difficulties concentrating in school due to excessive preoccupation with not touching his school uniform. He avoided to wear clothing containing buttons and avoided contact with buttons that others wore. No other stressor or event that could be related to the phobia. Ruled out possible physical or sexual abuse, accidents or other significant traumas.

Publication Analysis

His symptoms did not meet with OCD criteria Informed consent, written consent for publication. The boy was rewarded for showing less fear and for actually handling the buttons.

  1. The boy was rewarded for showing less fear and for actually handling the buttons. Imagery exposure It uses visualization techniques.
  2. He avoided to wear clothing containing buttons and avoided contact with buttons that others wore.
  3. There is a need for rapport when we work with a case study- less chance for anonymity or objectivity.
  4. Evaluation Strengths The pp created his own hierarchy if fear and rating to the buttons The aim of the study was to understand the experience of evaluative learning in an individual with specific phobia.

Lasted 30 minutes with the boy. Imagery exposure It uses visualization techniques. The boy reported that he finds buttons touching his body disgusting plus he believed that the buttons smelled unpleasant. That was the basis of the imagery exposure.

Case study: disgust and a specific phobia of buttons.

He was asked to talk about how these imagery exposures made him feel. The imagery exposures progressed from images of larger to smaller buttons.

Results Behavioural exposure — By session 4 the boy successfully completed all in vivo exposure tasks. His ratings of distress increased dramatically from session 2 to 3 and continued to rise.

Similar Publications

His subjective ratings to specific items even got higher than it was before the therapy. This finding is consistent with evaluative learning: Emotions and cognitions relating to disgust are important when learning new responses to phobic stimuli. Imagery exposure can have a long-term effect on reducing the distress associated with specific phobias as it tackles negative evaluation.

Evaluation Strengths The pp created his own hierarchy if fear and rating to the buttons The aim of the study was to understand the experience of evaluative learning in an individual with specific phobia. The measures were appropriate. Ethical issues are always a major concern if you use children in a study but informed consent from mother and from the boy.

Anonymity was kept Weaknesses Case study-sample is small, difficult to generalize and because of the button phobia it makes less likely representative of the general population.

Saavedra and Silverman

There is a need for rapport when we work with a case study- less chance for anonymity or objectivity. Higher chance for bias — less valid.

Researcher bias as the researcher choose the particular pp. If the boy is aware that he is undergoing therapy with the intention of improving his phobic symptoms could have affected the ratings Application to everyday life It shows how therapy base on the principals of classical conditioning can be used to treat specific phobias.

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Using disgust imagery exposure were used to challenge the fearful associations with phobic stimuli. Potential long-term improvement that can result from exposure therapy Nature vs nurture It shows how therapy base on the principals of classical conditioning can be used to treat specific phobias.

Potential long-term improvement that can result from exposure therapy Use of children Consent was asked from boy and from mother.

  • Lasted 30 minutes with the boy;
  • Higher chance for bias — less valid;
  • It became more difficult for him to handle buttons;
  • His symptoms did not meet with OCD criteria Informed consent, written consent for publication.

The study was potentially highly distressing especially the behavioral exposure. The boy could be considered vulnerable because of his specific phobia but the intention of the study was to treat his phobia and his quality of life which sort of justify the distress cause during treatment Advertisements.