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Art and science compliment one another perfectly

It establishes cause and effect relationship between two or more variables and underlines the principles governing their relationship.

Art and science complement each other

These principles are developed through scientific method of observation and verification through testing. Science is characterized by following main features: Universally acceptance principles — Scientific principles represents basic truth about a particular field of enquiry. Management also contains some fundamental principles can be applied universally like the Principle of Unity of Command i.

This principle is applicable to all type of organization — business or non business. The same is true for management, therefore it also establishes cause and effect relationship.

‘Art and science are not separate, they are beautifully intertwined’

If you art and science compliment one another perfectly the cause i. Similarly if workers are given bonuses, fair wages they will work hard but when not treated in fair and just manner, reduces productivity of organization. Each time these tests will give same result. Moreover future events can be predicted with reasonable accuracy by using scientific principles.

Principles of management can also be tested for validity. The performance of 1st person will be better than 2nd. It cannot be denied that management has a systematic body of knowledge but it is not as exact as that of other physical sciences like biology, physics, and chemistry etc. The main reason for the inexactness of science of management is that it deals with human beings and it is very difficult to predict their behavior accurately.

Since it is a social process, therefore it falls in the area of social sciences. Ernest Dale has called it as a Soft Science. An art may be defined as personalized application of general theoretical principles for achieving best possible results. Art has the following characters — 1. Every art requires practical knowledge therefore learning of theory is not sufficient. It is very important to know practical application of theoretical principles.

A manager can never be successful just by obtaining degree or diploma in management; he must have also know how to apply various principles in real situations by functioning in capacity of manager.

Talk:Is management a science or an art?

Although theoretical base may be same for every artist, but each one has his own style and approach towards his job. That is why the level of success and quality of performance differs from one person to another. Hussain is recognized for his style.

  1. Therefore management is a judicious blend of science as well as an art because it proves the principles and the way these principles are applied is a matter of art. Every manager has his own way of managing things based on his knowledge, experience and personality, that is why some managers are known as good managers like Aditya Birla, Rahul Bajaj whereas others as bad.
  2. A manager can never be successful just by obtaining degree or diploma in management; he must have also know how to apply various principles in real situations by functioning in capacity of manager. It is considered as a science because it has an organized body of knowledge which contains certain universal truth.
  3. Each time these tests will give same result. Science is characterized by following main features.

Similarly management as an art is also personalized. Every manager has his own way of managing things based on his knowledge, experience and personality, that is why some managers are known as good managers like Aditya Birla, Art and science compliment one another perfectly Bajaj whereas others as bad.

Every artist has an element of creativity in line. Management is also creative in nature like any other art. It combines human and non-human resources in useful way so as to achieve desired results.

It tries to produce sweet music by combining chords in an efficient manner. Practice makes a man perfect. Every artist becomes more and more proficient through constant practice. Similarly managers learn through an art of trial and error initially but application of management principles over the years makes them perfect in the job of managing. Every art is result oriented as it seeks to achieve concrete results. In the same manner, management is also directed towards accomplishment of pre-determined goals.

Thus, we can say that management is an art therefore it requires application of certain principles rather it is an art of highest order because it deals with moulding the attitude and behavior of people at work towards desired goals. Management as both Science and Art[ edit ] Management is both an art and a science.

The above mentioned points clearly reveals that management combines features of both science as well as art. It is considered as a science because it has an organized body of knowledge which contains certain universal truth.

It is called an art because managing requires certain skills which are personal possessions of managers. Therefore management is a judicious blend of science as well as an art because it proves the principles and the way these principles are applied is a matter of art.

Same way it is not sufficient for art and science compliment one another perfectly to first know the principles but he must also apply them in solving various managerial problems that is why, science and art are not mutually exclusive but they are complementary to each other like tea and biscuit, bread and butter etc. It has been aptly remarked that management is the oldest of art and youngest of science. To conclude, we can say that science is the root and art is the fruit.

Management as Profession[ edit ] A profession may be defined as an occupation that requires specialized knowledge and intensive academic preparations to which entry is regulated by a representative body. The essentials of a profession are: Specialized Knowledge — A profession must have a systematic body of knowledge that can be used for development of professionals. Every professional must make deliberate efforts to acquire expertise in the principles and techniques.

Similarly a manager must have devotion and involvement to acquire expertise in the science of management. No one can practice a profession without going through a prescribed course.

Many institutes of management have been set up for imparting education and training. For example, MBA may be preferred but not necessary. Social Obligations — Profession is a source of livelihood but professionals are primarily motivated by the desire to serve the society.

Their actions are influenced by social norms and values. Similarly a manager is responsible not only to its owners but also to the society and therefore he is expected to provide quality goods at reasonable prices to the society. Code of Conduct — Members of a profession have to abide by a code of conduct which contains certain rules and regulations, norms of honesty, integrity and special ethics.

A code of conduct is enforced by a representative association to ensure self discipline among its members. Any member violating the code of conduct can be punished and his membership can be withdrawn. The AIMA has prescribed a code of conduct for managers but it has no right to take legal action against any manager who violates it. Representative Association — For the regulation of profession, existence of a representative body is a must.

For example, an institute of Charted Accountants of India establishes and administers standards of competence for the auditors but the AIMA however does not have any statuary powers to regulate the activities of managers. From above discussion, it is quite clear that management fulfills several essentials of a profession, even then it is not a full fledged profession because: It does not restrict the entry in managerial jobs for account of one standard or other.

No minimum qualifications have been prescribed for managers.

  1. Practice makes a man perfect.
  2. Art has the following characters — 1. Management also contains some fundamental principles can be applied universally like the Principle of Unity of Command i.
  3. Moreover future events can be predicted with reasonable accuracy by using scientific principles. The same is true for management, therefore it also establishes cause and effect relationship.
  4. Similarly management as an art is also personalized. Principles of management can also be tested for validity.
  5. Ernest Dale has called it as a Soft Science. In the same manner, management is also directed towards accomplishment of pre-determined goals.

No management association has the authority to grant a certificate of practice to various managers. All managers are supposed to abide by the code formulated by AIMA, e.

  • From above discussion, it is quite clear that management fulfills several essentials of a profession, even then it is not a full fledged profession because;
  • Similarly a manager is responsible not only to its owners but also to the society and therefore he is expected to provide quality goods at reasonable prices to the society;
  • The performance of 1st person will be better than 2nd;
  • I attended a lecture on the topic 'How to read a Chinese poem';
  • The arts also help with communication skills, which are vital if you want to get your ideas across to a wider audience.

Competent education and training facilities do not exist. Managers are responsible to many groups such as shareholders, employees and society. A regulatory code may curtail their freedom. Managers are known by their performance and not mere degrees. The ultimate goal of business is to maximize profit and not social welfare.

But when matter comes to practies of management it is purely art.