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An introduction to the geography and history of new orleans

Map Markers

Landscape City layout The city of New Orleans and Orleans parish county are coextensive, occupying a point at the head of the Mississippi River delta at the Gulf of Mexico.

The boundaries are formed by the Mississippi River and Jefferson parish to the west and Lake Pontchartrain to the north. Lake Pontchartrain is connected by The Rigolets channel to Lake Borgne on the east and thence to the gulfand the southern boundary of New Orleans is made up of St.

  • This loss has been caused in part by the system of levees or embankments constructed by the federal government to keep the Mississippi in a central channel, which left side channels open to erosion;
  • Whose homes were flooded, in terms of race, ethnicity, and class, became the subject of national discussion.

Bernard parish and, again, the Mississippi River. The city is divided by the Mississippi, with the principal settlement on the east bank. The west bank, known as Algiers, has grown rapidly.

  • Fish, shrimp , crayfish , crabs , and oysters are a source of food and income in the coastal and swamp areas;
  • The domestic nature of urban slavery drove a salt-and-pepper pattern of racial distributions in antebellum New Orleans, as enslaved blacks usually lived adjacent to their owners, often in appended quarters;
  • The fertile soil covering much of the terrain made Louisiana a rich agricultural area by 1860, with flourishing sugarcane and cotton plantations.

The modern metropolis has spread far beyond this original location. Because its saucer-shaped terrain lies as low as 5 to 10 feet 1.

Richard Campanella

There had long been concern that a powerful storm could inundate the low-lying city; such an event occurred in 2005, when Hurricane Katrina produced a storm surge that overwhelmed the levees protecting New Orleans, and about four-fifths of the city was flooded.

Less than a month later, a second hurricane passing to the west caused some levees to fail again, flooding a few areas of the city once more. People The population of New Orleans has been declining.

Whites account for less than one-third of the total, whereas in 1960 they made up almost two-thirds. In contrast to the population decline in Orleans parish, the adjacent parishes of St. Bernard, Plaquemines, Jefferson, St.

  • The subtropical climate of the state has provided the magnificent brooding scenery of the coastal bayous , and the lush, dank vegetation of its shores conceals a wealth of petroleum and natural gas;
  • World War II hastened the industrial growth of Louisiana to the extent that the numbers of the labour force engaged in manufacturing increased considerably;
  • Education Louisiana has nearly two dozen public and about 10 private institutions of higher education;
  • Events around the turn of the nineteenth century transformed New Orleans from an orphaned outpost of a descending colonial power to a strategically sited port city of an ascendant New World nation;
  • In 2005 Hurricane Katrina eroded an additional 73 square miles 189 square km of the Louisiana coastland.

John the Baptistand St. Since the African American population in most of the adjacent parishes is quite small, these figures indicate the general trend of white movement to the suburbs typical of most major U.

The shift in population to the suburbs has been motivated less by racial tension although this may play a part than by desires for better and more modern living facilities. The fact that a large segment of the black population resides in declining neighbourhoods some segregated, some integrated has spurred both black and interracial political, social, and religious organizations to work either independently or with city and federal agencies on projects to improve the quality of life for low-income citizens.

The additional fact that New Orleans has upper-class and middle-class black populations has been a significant factor in such projects. Page 1 of 6.

  1. The subtropical climate of the state has provided the magnificent brooding scenery of the coastal bayous , and the lush, dank vegetation of its shores conceals a wealth of petroleum and natural gas.
  2. The Army Corps of Engineers assumed sole responsibility for levee design and construction in the New Orleans area. The isolated port, founded in 1718, struggled with sparse population and little attention from French and Spanish colonial governments.
  3. Drilling was moved out into the gulf in the mid-20th century. The consequent varieties of cultural heritage run like bright threads through many facets of the social, political, and artistic life of the state.
  4. Each area of settlement preserved a cultural heritage strongly marked by adherence to either Roman Catholic or Protestant faith.
  5. There had long been concern that a powerful storm could inundate the low-lying city; such an event occurred in 2005, when Hurricane Katrina produced a storm surge that overwhelmed the levees protecting New Orleans, and about four-fifths of the city was flooded. Muck and peat soils are found within the coastal marshes, while the bottoms hold rich alluvial soils.