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An introduction to the disease of elephantiasis

  1. Often the doctor diagnoses the disorder based on the symptoms and a medical history, after ruling out other disorders with similar symptoms. Symptoms Lymphatic filariasis infection involves asymptomatic, acute, and chronic conditions.
  2. The GPELF aims to provide access to a minimum package of care for every person with associated chronic manifestations of lymphatic filariasis in all areas where the disease is present, thus alleviating suffering and promoting improvement in their quality of life.
  3. Lymphatic filariasis is transmitted by different types of mosquitoes for example by the Culex mosquito, widespread across urban and semi-urban areas, Anopheles, mainly found in rural areas, and Aedes, mainly in endemic islands in the Pacific. MDA with the two-medicine regimens have interrupted the transmission cycle when conducted annually for 4—6 years with effective coverage of the total population at risk.
  4. It is a tropical or subtropical disease, occurring where many kinds of disease-carrying mosquitoes are found. Onchocerca volvulus manifests itself in the eyes, causing "river blindness" onchocerciasis , one of the leading causes of blindness in the world.

Verrucous skin appearance How to diagnose Elephantiasis Microfilariae sometimes can be seen in blood under a microscope. Often the doctor diagnoses the disorder based on the symptoms and a medical history, after ruling out other disorders with similar symptoms. How to Prevent Elephantiasis Apply ointment: Applying ointment will act almost like a shield against the microfilariae.

  1. Prevention Because elephantiasis is found mainly in poorer countries, money for research into the cure and prevention of the disease has been limited. Even after you are infected, applying ointment will cleanse the lymph nodes and skin, resulting in faster results.
  2. Tropical diseases Wuchereria bancrofti Elephantiasis was known to the early Greeks and Romans.
  3. Adult worms lodge in the lymphatic vessels and disrupt the normal function of the lymphatic system. Just like any other mosquito precaution, it will limit the skin exposed, therefore, decreasing the chances of being bitten.

Even after you are infected, applying ointment will cleanse the lymph nodes and skin, resulting in faster results. Using compressive bandages manages to secrete the lymphatic juice, whereas before, the flow was blocked, causing the swelling.

Giving antibiotics to prevent infection: Surgically removing infected tissue: Again the main goal is to keep away mosquitoes. Using bug spray will ward off any unwanted vectors such as mosquitoes.

Lymphatic filariasis

Spraying to kill mosquitoes: Wear clothes with lots of coverage: Wearing clothes with lots of coverage will help protect you from mosquito bites. Just like any other mosquito precaution, it will limit the skin exposed, therefore, decreasing the chances of being bitten.

This will cover up your feet, and keep the mosquitoes and other chemicals away from them. Wash hands, feet, and body: This will keep your body clean, and help prevent serious infection.

  • From 2000 to 2016, 6;
  • The WHO recommended preventive chemotherapy strategy for lymphatic filariasis elimination is mass drug administration MDA;
  • Avoiding mosquito bites, such as by using insecticide -treated mosquito bed nets , also reduces the transmission of lymphatic filariasis;
  • Female worms are much larger, 6 to 10 cm long, and about three times wider than the males;
  • Female worms are much larger, 6 to 10 cm long, and about three times wider than the males.

If you are infected, and your skin is cleansed, it will do less damage. Whereas if your skin is dirty, then those chemicals and dirt particles also enlarge the organs Management of symptoms Relatively simple and well known surgical procedures are available to correct hydrocele. Because secondary bacterial infections play an important role in precipitating acute adenolymphangitis episodes and progression of lymphoedema, simple hygiene measures — either alone or in combination with antibiotic treatment — play an important role in preventing episodes of acute disease and in the management of lymphoedema.

Daily washing of affected limbs with soap and safe water to prevent secondary infection, combined with simple exercises, elevation of the limb, and treatment of cracks and entry points, provides significant relief from acute episodes and slows progression of the disease. Treatment for Elephantiasis The main medication used to treat this condition is diethylcarbamazine or DEC, which kills the microfilariae as well as some adult worms.

  • These acute attacks are debilitating, may last for weeks and are the primary cause of lost wages among people suffering with lymphatic filariasis;
  • The medication is usually well tolerated but side effects include dizziness, fever and aching muscles;
  • New microfilariae produced by the adult worms often continue to show up months after treatment;
  • Using compressive bandages manages to secrete the lymphatic juice, whereas before, the flow was blocked, causing the swelling;
  • Salt fortified with DEC has also been used in a few unique settings to interrupt the transmission cycle.

The medication is usually well tolerated but side effects include dizziness, fever and aching muscles. Though most times medications are not very effective against adult worms. New microfilariae produced by the adult worms often continue to show up months after treatment.

Infection and immunity

The following are some of the drastic complications that can occur in men: Hydrocele is the accumulation of fluids in the testicles. This is a very painful condition, which renders men impotent.

  • In 2000 over 120 million people were infected, with about 40 million disfigured and incapacitated by the disease;
  • Depending on the parasite-vector species, measures such as insecticide-treated nets, indoor residual spraying or personal protection measures may help protect people from infection;
  • Similarly, elephantiasis of the penis and the scrotum in males is a very painful condition and can lead to impotency;
  • Symptoms Lymphatic filariasis infection involves asymptomatic, acute, and chronic conditions.

Similarly, elephantiasis of the penis and the scrotum in males is a very painful condition and can lead to impotency. In women, the elephantiasis can spread to the vulva. This could make it impossible for the woman to enjoy penetrative sex and to conceive. This causes tumerous growths, which may make the condition quite severe.

Elephantiasis

Elephantiasis can cause damage to the lungs in the form of eosinophilia, in which there is an increase in the number of eosinophils in the blood. This condition is characterized by a wheezing cough and fevers. Prolonged elephantiasis can cause failure of the kidneys.