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A study on the effects of drug addiction on adolescents

Rio de Janeiro - RJ, Brazil. We used a non-verbal play as a pedagogical strategy held by the officers of the Municipal Guard of Rio de Janeiro and dialogue among actors and students after the presentation.

Authorization of the students was given by their legal representatives. Data were obtained in 2010, written and recorded testimony. We conclude that subject and presentation aroused interest, stimulated the debate, questions and reflections elucidated. The theater, as a creative activity as well as creator of feelings, expectations and sensations constitutes as a facilitator of learning in a pedagogical strategy.

Their production and consumption were present in the history of some societies. They, at all times, resorted to their use for various purposes. Starting in 1960, particularly in the industrialized countries, the consumption of drugs has come gradually being potentiated, confirming to the common sense that it is a severe global problem, which may cause health risks.

Among the human groups of greatest vulnerability for access to the use of psychoactive substances are children and adolescents. Vulnerability must be understood as a product of the interaction between individual characteristics, social structures of inequality of access to information and opportunities that produce meanings for the subject them self and the a study on the effects of drug addiction on adolescents that they are inserted 1.

Experimentation with alcohol and other drugs during adolescence a study on the effects of drug addiction on adolescents common. Unfortunately, adolescents often do not see the link between their actions today and the consequences of tomorrow.

They also have a tendency to feel indestructible and immune to the problems that others experience. While some teens will experiment and stop, or continue to use occasionally, without significant problems, others will develop a dependency, moving on to more dangerous drugs and causing significant harm to themselves and possibly others.

Adolescents in a situation of serious vulnerability for the consumption of alcohol and drug problems include those with a family history of disorders caused by use of substances, which are depressed, those who have low self-esteem and those that do not fit or are outside the social context 2. However, what has been observed in Brazil is the early experimentation of alcoholic beverages by students on the average, at 12 years of age 4.

Adolescence is an intermediate stage of human development, which includes the period between childhood and adulthood, marked by physical, psychological, hormonal and behavioral transformations. At this point, the go through an identity crisis and the search for autonomy, with the aim of reaffirming and earning the freedom of choice 6. Considering the characteristics inherent in adolescence, the pedagogical practices to be adopted with this group should be carefully selected and developed by qualified and trained professionals to meet the peculiar needs of this life cycle.

Which of these practices should have as principles the horizontalization between educator and learner and the enhancement of self-esteem, affirmation, intellectualization, fantasy, action, and expression of feelings 7. Thus the selection of a particular pedagogical practice, that has as objective achieve the adolescent audience, attention must be redoubled in relation to the definition of methods and strategies of approach, so that they can awaken the interest and awaken the participation of this group.

A ludic pedagogical strategy, such as theater, suits the arid theme, such as alcohol and drugs and can become a channel of interaction able to potentiate that interest, since it is known that the natural restlessness of this phase of life requests dynamic activities as well as those that arouse curiosity.

Pedagogical approaches that foster dialog, can be a powerful instrument for reflection and discussion about the promotion of health and prevention of risks to the use of substances, and will certainly contribute to the development of life-styles that will be adopted by adolescents.

Therefore, the joint discussion, reflection and listening can become facilitating mechanisms for immersion of adolescents in dialog, often conjured by households, school and society. For another view, these dialogical initiatives can also act as sparks in the transmission and propagation of information in social group of which they are part. To develop the research it derives as an objective: This study is justified by the precocity of substance use among adolescents, increasing the vulnerability to which they are exposed in everyday life in different layers of society and the consequences that this use increasingly early can produce the cognitive development of the person and possible risk behaviors to be adopted.

  • At this point, the go through an identity crisis and the search for autonomy, with the aim of reaffirming and earning the freedom of choice 6;
  • Alcohol is culturally associated with fun, joy, pleasure, celebration and social integration 19 - 21;
  • They were trying to find their way through the chaos, but as they sought meaning to what was going on around them, the confusion and chaos that is simply a part of living with substance dependency prevented a clear understanding;
  • The Alcoholic Family in Recovery:

The relevance of such contextualized dialogue, the time that deconstructs information often misguided as well as naive, provides insights as to appropriate initialization and later consumption. Thus, it becomes necessary to work the theme drugs to elucidate among adolescents the various and different processes arising from their use.

  1. Evidence of association between early alcohol use and risk of later problems. The meetings took place on august 26, 2010, in the auditorium, with two distinct groups, the first group at the time of 8.
  2. It is very sad for a family to see the closest person doing drugs! A16 My friend gave me beer once, and I got dizzy [...
  3. This could be particularly powerful if the issue related to something that the parent might feel guilty about, as seen with this mother. Implications from the literature.
  4. Parents were often ambivalent about reaching out to family for support. A7 The street my house is on is full of people who use crack; they have, like, a crack house there, where they buy and smoke.
  5. O teatro em foco.

The study scenario was an institution of elementary and middle level education, College of Application, belonging to a State University in Rio de Janeiro. The population was composed of 111 students enrolled in the sixth year of elementary school, members of four classes of the Institution.

The choice in the 6th grade was due to the teachers' opinion, poll after writing to consider that this period adolescents go through a phase transition both in relation to age as well as the new course of study. The meetings took place on august 26, 2010, in the auditorium, with two distinct groups, the first group at the time of 8: Initially, the researchers used motivational strategies presenting the theme and valuing the work that would be developed, to establish trust among the participants.

The motivation, as a pedagogical strategy, has as a function stimulate in a direct way the type of involvement with the learning content, it does not apply only to the performance, but mainly, the processing of information that they use to learn content and skills, such as doing tasks, understand texts, understand explanations, to transform them and tailor them to their understanding 5.

This Article comes from one of the stages of the research project called "Alcohol in the elementary school and the nurse: It uses ludic pedagogical strategies such as dynamic creativity and sensitivity and concreteness in five encounters during the school year, once a month, according to the school schedule. Among the activities it includes a play, presented at the third meeting.

The Effects of Drug Abuse on Teens

The other activities are: Welcoming, interactive game of questions and answers, films, workshops for development of artistic productions - panels on the theme, and play with music and dance. After the activities we proceed to the dialog to clarify their doubts and curiosities. The activity selected for this Article was a play, non-verbal, staged in approximately thirty minutes by soldiers of the Municipal Guard from Rio de Janeiro.

It emphasizes the support of social institutions and families, in addition to portraying the suffering caused by drug addiction to the user them self, their family, the possible consequences and the difficulties related to the withdrawal from their use. It was chosen by scenic language to introduce the subject, consider that traditional teaching strategic, policy and monotonous, might not be sufficient to overcome and motivating students' expectations on the subject. At the end of the presentation was open dialog between the adolescents and the actors for a period of one hour, on which occasion the doubts, the curiosities and the experiences were reported by both parties, constituting in a moment of reflection and exchanges.

  • Thirty five percent among the interviewed 95 abusers and addicts were injecting drug users IDUs and most of them were multi-drug abusers;
  • Author Contributions The author is solely responsible for all aspects of this research;
  • It may be common to think that the problem can be resolved immediately through prohibitive and repressive discourse, relegating the process of reflection and prevention to the background 13;
  • November 04, 2014; Accepted;
  • This neglect would cause the siblings to look elsewhere for guidance or to isolate and, in many cases, detach from the parental guidance [ 33 , 34 ];
  • Resources and referrals for alcoholism.

To this end, they were offered blank paper and pen to give answers to the following guiding questions: What did you understand from the play? What messages in the play most caught your attention on the use of drugs? After writing their perceptions, we invited the adolescents wishing to voluntarily talk about the play and nine were motivated to record their impressions, answering the same questions. These comprised the study subjects, which were coded by letters of the alphabet assigned, at random, among researchers M, A, C.

Data were transcribed and analyzed without set since it was discursive and descriptive information from the perceptions of students on the subject. Given the information obtained, we analyze the data according to the guidelines of thematic content analysis of Bardin 9 floating reading material, definition of reporting units; naming and identification of themesclassification of two main themes "Experimentation as a possibility for chemical dependency" as well as "The implications of continued drug use for users".

The Term of Consent signed by those responsible of the students and the Municipal Guard of Rio de Janeiro who authorized the publication of the results. Although the theme is part of the daily life of the people, of the means of communication, with emphasis on media written, spoken, in electronic media and wheels of conversations among the adolescents, such information by its scope and difficult control of content disseminated may at the same time generate guidelines, but also serve as a stimulus to curiosity of this group, whose vulnerabilities if procuring themselves in different and varied possibilities.

Thus, the analyses of the narratives of perceptions written and oral of adolescents about the play, two thematic axes were evidenced. Experimentation as Possibility for Chemical dependence Experimentation is the first contact that the individual has with psychoactive substances and this usually occurs at parties, clubs or opportune occasions. Experimentation can be the beginning of other phases, which can trigger the use possible or recreational, or even get to abuse and dependence.

These phases are not always covered in a linear manner by all people with this experience, but, as a rule, depending on the drug and individual predispositions, this is a starting point to the uncontrolled use.

On the other hand, not all the subjects who experienced developed subsequent phases remaining in the experimentation 3. In this sense, the adolescents were sensitive to realize that it all starts with the experimentation, i. Thus, realized that access to drugs may constitute a starting point for the start of their use.

Many people think that if you try it once will never be addicted, but become addicted and you cannot break free from them C. When you start to use drugs is very difficult to let go A. It is noticeable in these excerpts, the perception that adolescents associated a start to substance use as part of a cycle, with no chance of making use and even uncontrolled use, not just getting in the field of experimentation.

By this view, the theatrical activity reached its intention to lead to reflection and the incorporation of knowledge which dimension the possibilities arising from use, even curious, of drugs. The early start of drugs in adolescence, often facilitated by access to the substances, by permissiveness of some families and by sociability itself of this phase of life, you will encounter the determinations of the Child and Adolescent Statute that prohibits the use until adulthood 2.

Taking as a study on the effects of drug addiction on adolescents basis the Brazilian legislation for protection of the adolescent for the use of drugs, this defines adolescence as a period that goes from age twelve to eighteen years of age and may be applied to persons of eighteen to twenty-one years in special situations 2.

Studies conducted with adolescents in Brazil show that the use of substances, especially alcohol, usually happens around the" 12 years of age, with a tendency toward each time more the precocity" 1112.

When carried out with children and adolescents in a street situation, the age range is between 10 and 18 years old, i.

  1. One of the fathers described his reaction to such a discovery. Rev Lat Am Enfermagem [Internet].
  2. Therefore, it is necessary that projects for drug abuse prevention be extended to parents, and guaranteed in academic planning.
  3. It is very sad for a family to see the closest person doing drugs! They would reach out for help to other family members, to professionals, or both.
  4. Drug cause harm and can even kill! She said it would have been helpful if the therapist had just laid it out and told her that her youth might be substance dependent Participant 10, Mother.

It was possible to identify that the experimental use of substances may trigger a more abusive consumption and even reach the dependence. In this respect, it has been demonstrated that in adolescence the consumption of alcohol and other drugs may produce adverse effects to the human brain, once again that this is in the process of development, therefore, the continuous use of substances, at this stage, you can translate into cognitive deficit, decreased motivation, difficulty of social relationship, loss of memory and attention, whose dimension is invaluable for the life of the individual 13.

Another influential factor in drug use is almost always associated with the stimuli of the most diverse social environments. In adolescence, the vulnerability to these factors is present in the adolescent's life and finds support in their own way of being and seeing the world.

At this point of the friends are references to their social development. Thus, may play important role in the choices to be made. It is very easy to get into drugs, but it is hard to leave and most of the times people get into drugs by peer influence R.

  • Tolerance appeared to be most evident with those parents who saw the behaviors as reflective of some aspect of normative adolescent development;
  • The population was composed of 111 students enrolled in the sixth year of elementary school, members of four classes of the Institution;
  • She's an alcoholic [...

The play, with its scenic, non-verbal language, represents how external environmental influences, mainly of friends, are able to stimulate the curiosity of adolescents for experimentation and subsequently up to the use and abuse of substances 11. In this respect, we must also strengthen the influence of the media through the advertisements, as a source of encouragement for the use of alcohol, whereas this is a legal drug, easy access to the entire population and accepted by society 15.

Thus, the propaganda with idols of youth, sports, and opinion-formers becomes stronger reference to be followed by adolescent 11. The adolescents also recognize that experimentation is one of the possibilities for chemical dependence, which is in line with the results demonstrated in the studies 41316. Drugs are highly addictive and even in small amounts are harmful. When you start to use drugs some can't stop and it ends up leading to death.

Others are able to stop, but end up with some problems such as breathing, among others and in addition to their self-esteem and body becomes more vulnerable S. Drug cause harm and can even kill! BEWARE; there is not this just a "tiny bit", because this "tiny bit" will be the beginning of an addiction, very difficult to fight it, be smart. Do not be fooled! This way adolescents perceive the effects of the drugs in the body can also be the result of their experiences and everyday experiences, once they were beyond what a study on the effects of drug addiction on adolescents play represented.

This reveals a certain degree of knowledge of the subject, in expressing the plurality of behaviors and effects that drugs can produce in the human body 13. It is important to emphasize that there are explanatory factors, today proven, that influence the development of chemical dependence, such as genetics, neurobiology, behavior, personality, as well as the environment in which the subject coexists 16.

Regarding neurobiological aspects it is known that drugs of abuse have a common mechanism, or produces and increase DA release of the neurotransmitter dopamine in the mesolimbic pathway, causing the sensation of pleasure 16. This hedonist form, which is the tendency to consider that the personal gratification and immediate is the purpose of life is what sustains initially the choice and ensures the continuity of the indiscriminate use of drugs 11.

It is known that the school has a fundamental role in the elucidation of issues that may strengthen the training of the citizen, highlighting Taking into consideration protectors and discussing the risk factors of their own social environment that influence your life, not just as a mere spectator or listener, but as main actor of their cognitive development, affective, behavioral, in society in which they live.

However, to intervene in such factors teachers need to be trained so that they can deal with an issue that is at the same time, multi-causal, prejudiced and discriminating. This is a great challenge for the elementary school that must invest in pedagogical projects that underscore the fields of trust, the development of social situations and affective stimulus activities, healthy, capable of transforming risks into protection 11.

Together with the school, the nurse plays a major role in development of teaching strategies that promote reflection and discussion on the promotion of health and prevention of risks, with emphasis on the health of the school, considering that this is one of the fields of knowledge of this professional 15. In this undertaking, decode for the adolescents trusted information in relation to the drugs is a function inherent in the professional practice of nurses 11.

In This way, the articulation of nurses with the elementary school teachers if constitutes a cornerstone of dissemination of the basic principles that underpin the prevention, 2003-2006 for the adolescents the concepts of well-being and social living well 11. Implications of the Continuous Use of Drugs for users This category covers the perceptions of the students in relation to the issues of dependence, as something not determined by the subjects, the difficulty of seeking and accepting treatment, coexistence troublemaker with relatives, the understanding of the negative consequences of the continued use of substances, harmful effects of drugs in the body, and the difficulties in family relationships, with friends, in addition to the feelings of loss when they become dependent.