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A research on the catholic church and artificial contraception

Background[ edit ] The Catholic Church has been opposed to contraception since at least the second century. Sometimes this lustful cruelty, or cruel lust, comes to this, that they even use sterilizing drugs. Augustine utilized the biblical story of Onan as a supporting text to denounce contraception.

Contraception

Nor are those considered as acting against nature who in the married state use their right in the proper manner although on account of natural reasons either of time or of certain defects, new life cannot be brought forth. For in matrimony as well as in the use of the matrimonial rights there are also secondary ends, such as mutual aid, the cultivating of mutual love, and the quieting of concupiscence which husband and wife are not forbidden to consider so long as they are subordinated to the primary end and so long as the intrinsic nature of the act is preserved.

  • Oftentimes, the teaching couple has used the artificial means and can best explain to another couple the differences between the methods and guide them through this issue;
  • The Levirate law of Judaism prescribed that if the oldest brother died, the next oldest, single brother would marry his widow to preserve the family line;
  • Ironically, while many doctors prescribe artificial means to prevent a pregnancy, they prescribe the techniques of Natural Family Planning to help a couple who is having trouble conceiving a child identify the period of ovulation and thereby know when the possibility of conception is the greatest;
  • This method relies on three signs of fertility in the woman;
  • In deciding whether or not to have a child, they must not be motivated by selfishness or carelessness, but by a prudent, conscious generosity that weighs the possibilities and circumstances, and especially gives priority to the welfare of the unborn child.

Devettere says that the statement is a permit to undertake intercourse during the infertile times when there is "a good reason for it". Rhythm Clinic founded by John Rock to teach the method to Catholic couples. Artificial contraception is considered intrinsically evil, [18] but methods of natural family planning are morally permissible in some circumstances, as they do not usurp the natural way of conception.

Responsible men can become more deeply convinced of the truth of the doctrine laid down by the Church on this issue if they reflect on the consequences of methods and plans for artificial birth control. Let them first consider how easily this course of action could open wide the way for marital infidelity and a general lowering of moral standards.

Not much experience is needed to be fully aware of human weakness and to understand that human beings—and especially the young, who are so exposed to temptation—need incentives to keep the moral law, and it is an evil thing to make it easy for them to break that law.

Christian views on birth control

Another effect that gives cause for alarm is that a man who grows accustomed to the use of contraceptive methods may forget the reverence due to a woman, and, disregarding her physical and emotional equilibrium, reduce her to being a mere instrument for the satisfaction of his own desires, no longer considering her as his partner whom he should surround with care and affection.

The minority report argued that: One can find no period of history, no document of the church, no theological school, scarcely one Catholic theologian, who ever denied that contraception was always seriously evil. The teaching of the Church in this matter is absolutely constant.

Until the present century this teaching was peacefully possessed by all other Christians, whether Orthodox or Anglican or Protestant. The Orthodox retain this as common teaching today. On July 17, 1994, John Paul II clarified the church's position during a meditation said prior to an angelus recitation: Unfortunately, Catholic thought is often misunderstood.

But one need only study the pronouncements of the Magisterium to know that this is not so. Truly, in begetting life the spouses fulfill one of the highest dimensions of their calling: Precisely for this reason they must have an extremely responsible attitude. In deciding whether or not to have a child, they must not be motivated by selfishness or carelessness, but by a prudent, conscious generosity that weighs the possibilities and circumstances, and especially gives priority to the welfare of the unborn child.

Therefore, when there is a reason not to procreate, this choice is permissible and may even be necessary. However, there remains the duty of carrying it out with criteria and methods that respect the total truth of the marital act in its unitive and procreative dimension, as wisely regulated by nature itself in its biological rhythms.

One can comply with them and use them to advantage, but they cannot be "violated" by artificial interference.

  • To Catholic theologians there is a clear analogy with Christ's giving his life on the Cross to save humanity, which is regarded as the ultimate and full gift;
  • As has been emphasized, marriage is serious, marital love is serious, the creation of life is serious;
  • Artificial contraception is considered intrinsically evil, [18] but methods of natural family planning are morally permissible in some circumstances, as they do not usurp the natural way of conception;
  • We have to be honest and wrestle with the truth and by the grace of God conform to it;
  • For in matrimony as well as in the use of the matrimonial rights there are also secondary ends, such as mutual aid, the cultivating of mutual love, and the quieting of concupiscence which husband and wife are not forbidden to consider so long as they are subordinated to the primary end and so long as the intrinsic nature of the act is preserved;
  • Are sex and procreation inseparable?

The Church has always taught the intrinsic evil of contraception, that is, of every marital act intentionally rendered unfruitful.

This teaching is to be held as definitive and irreformable. Contraception is gravely opposed to marital chastity; it is contrary to the good of the transmission of life the procreative aspect of matrimonyand to the reciprocal self-giving of the spouses the unitive aspect of matrimony ; it harms true love and denies the sovereign role of God in the transmission of human life. Among the Scripture included in the book are the following lines from Psalm 127: Sons are indeed a heritage from the Lord, the fruit of the womb a reward.

Like arrows in the hand of a warrior are the sons of one's youth. Happy is the man who has his quiver full of them. He shall not be put to shame when he speaks with his enemies at the gate. Catholic scholar Cormac Burke has written an anthropological non-religious evaluation of the effect of contraception on marital love, "Married Love and Contraception", to argue that "contraception does in fact denaturalize the conjugal act, to the extent that, far from uniting the spouses and expressing and confirming the love between them in a unique way, it tends to undermine their love by radically contradicting the full mutual self-giving that this most intimate act of the marital relationship should signify.

It was considered not true according to the World Health Organisation. According to Danneels, "the person must use a condom in order not to disobey the commandment condemning murder, in addition to breaking the commandment which forbids adultery.

  1. Artificial contraception would encourage "conjugal infidelity and the general lowering of morality. In the three passages in which pharmakeia appears, other sexual sins are also condemned.
  2. Deliberately to withdraw from coitus in order that semen may fall on the ground is doubly monstrous. Conservative Catholics, however, praised the pope for what they saw as a confirmation of traditional teachings.
  3. Therefore, we must not separate the unitive dimension of marital love from the procreative.
  4. At the time, the decision shocked many Catholic priests and laypeople.

Protecting oneself against sickness or death is an act of prevention. Morally, it cannot be judged on the same level as when a condom is used to reduce the number of births. He proposed "spiritual and human awakening" and "friendship for those who suffer" as solutions.

The Pope, the Church and the Signs of the Times, when asked whether the Catholic Church were not opposed in principle to the use of condoms, stated: She [the Catholic Church] of course does not regard it as a real or moral solution, but, in this or that case, there can be nonetheless, in the intention of reducing the risk of infection, a first step in a movement toward a different way, a more human way, of living sexuality.

Benedict cited the example of the use of condoms by male prostitutes as "a first step towards moralisation", even though condoms are "not really the way to deal with the evil of HIV infection".

  1. In contrast, natural family planning is not unethical or disobedient to God. Sometimes this lustful cruelty, or cruel lust, comes to this, that they even use sterilizing drugs.
  2. The bishop published a pastoral letter denouncing these plans.
  3. These differences do not indicate inequality, instead complementarity. A husband and wife, with a vision of being responsible parents, must decide if now is the time to have a child.

In a statement to explain his saying, the Congregation of the Doctrine of the Faith reaffirmed that the church considered prostitution " gravely immoral ": However, those involved in prostitution who are HIV positive and who seek to diminish the risk of contagion by the use of a condom may be taking the first step in respecting the life of another even if the evil of prostitution remains in all its gravity. You may improve this articlediscuss the issue on the talk pageor create a new articleas appropriate.

July 2017 Learn how and when to remove this template message Roderick Hindery reported that a number of Western Catholics have voiced significant disagreement with the church's stance on contraception.

What is the Church’s teaching on contraception?

They insisted that "a Catholic Christian is not free to form his conscience without consideration of the teaching of the magisterium, in the particular instance exercised by the Holy Father in an encyclical letter".

Catholics believed that one could be a good Catholic without obeying the church's teaching on birth control. Catholics thought that the church should allow Catholics to use birth control. Among these Orthodox leaders, some teach that marital intercourse should be for procreation only, while others do not go as far and hold a view similar to the Roman Catholic position, which allows Natural Family Planning on principle while at the same time opposing artificial contraception.

  • As a result, many Roman Catholics see the ban as arbitrary and unreasonable, but in fact the ban is based on a thorough analysis of the issues involved;
  • Essentially, God has designed marital love to be both unitive and procreative; to suppress or to violate either one contradicts the design of God;
  • Actually, Natural Family Planning has had great successes;
  • Don't get confused and think there is a direct connection between 'natural law' and 'natural family planning' or between 'natural law' and 'unnatural sexual practices'.