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A paper on various aspects of a terrorist attack

The 9/11 terrorist attacks

Cyber security The impact of terrorism and crisis communication A cautious response to a crisis or terrorist act avoids the creation of a culture of fear. This is another way to reduce our vulnerability to terrorism. Why are we so vulnerable to terrorism if the likelihood of it happening is so small? There are therefore two important aspects of counterterrorism: In recent years, more attention has been focused on the second of these two aspects.

  1. No matter what the attack, however, there is always a human response to it. Not only are the aims, members, beliefs, and resources of groups engaged in terrorism extremely diverse , but so are the political contexts of their campaigns.
  2. These are a few of the threads involved in the process of public normalization.
  3. Rather, September 11 created an intense reaction of moral outrage against a readily identifiable and Page 43 Share Cite Suggested Citation.
  4. The press also played a role, scarcely deliberate, in magnifying the threat, bringing what were essentially a series of highly localized events to the attention of a vast population of viewers and readers. Depending on the scope and success of the attacks, these costs can be very significant.
  5. Other, more trivial examples of small-time entrepreneurial activity could also be cited, such as the manufacture and sale of patriotic t-shirts, hats, sweaters, and souvenirs.

The reason for this is the growing realisation that fear and unease promote discrimination and polarisation, and can even lead to radicalisation and thus to more terrorism. The government has an important role in limiting the culture of fear.

  1. Perspectives from the Behavioral and Social Sciences. Schools, shopping centres, bus and train stations, and restaurants and nightclubs have been targeted both because they attract large crowds and because they are places with which members of the civilian population are familiar and in which they feel at ease.
  2. Discrimination against and scapegoating of relevant minority groups in the domestic population, sometimes encouraged or even executed by the government.
  3. Recall the high-profile, sometimes hysterical movement to protect against fallout in the wake of a nuclear attack in the 1950s and 1960s.
  4. Although apparently random, the victims and locations of terrorist attacks often are carefully selected for their shock value. Terror has been used by one or both sides in anticolonial conflicts e.

Protest in Luxembourg after the attack on the Charlie Hebdo editorial team photo: Wikipedia Commons Risk society This culture of fear can easily arise today, says Bakker. This makes us more vulnerable to terrorism. In the Netherlands at times we definitely go way over the top in our approach to risk limitation. Perhaps governments and politicians should emphasise this more often, and display more resilience.

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We in the Netherlands responded very badly once in the past, after the attack on Theo van Gogh. He therefore gave the impression that one person could start a war in a country.

  • In addition, even if eradicated, terrorist activities and organizations can regrow;
  • Likewise, the use of terror was openly advocated by Robespierre during the French Revolution, and the Spanish Inquisition used arbitrary arrest, torture , and execution to punish what it viewed as religious heresy;
  • Recall the high-profile, sometimes hysterical movement to protect against fallout in the wake of a nuclear attack in the 1950s and 1960s.

You then give the perpetrator an enormous amount of power, and you make it attractive for others to come up with something similar. It was a terrible event: If you watch the footage, you feel the terror all over again.

Types of terrorism

The whole day ran very smoothly after the attack. The word terrorist was hardly mentioned at all.

The impact of terrorism and crisis communication

In short, it was dealt with very well. We also included the best examples of crisis communication.

Definitions of terrorism

We provided them with a basis upon which they can formulate policy and protocols. In addition, he and his colleagues at the Institute of Security and Global Affairs also look at crisis communication more broadly. For instance, Ruth Prins has conducted research on the role of mayors with regard to security and crisis situations, and how they communicate about them.

Speech by mayour Aboutaleb after the attack on the Charlie Hebdo editorial team photo: