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A look at the deadly diseases aids

This makes the body more susceptible to a host of illnesses. These cells play a critical role in maintaining a healthy immune system.

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People living with HIV can proactively reduce the likelihood of developing common, life-threatening illnesses by taking their prescribed daily medications and practicing healthy living habits. What are HIV-related opportunistic infections? Opportunistic infections OIs capitalize on weakened immune systems.

Most life-threatening complications occur when the CD4 count drops below 200 cells per cubic millimeter. OI illnesses may have little to no significant impact on a person with a healthy immune system. However, they can cause devastating effects for people living with HIV.

OIs typically present when the CD4 count drops below 200 cells per cubic millimeter. Infections common with HIV Candidiasis.

  • Many infected people live in impoverished areas where medicines and other treatments are not available or affordable;
  • The parasite grows in your intestines and bile ducts, leading to severe, chronic diarrhea in people with AIDS;
  • Meningitis is an inflammation of the membranes and fluid surrounding your brain and spinal cord meninges.

It can be treated with antifungal medications after a simple visual examination. This common fungal infection can lead to pneumonia if left untreated. It can quickly spread to the brain, often leading to cryptococcal meningitis. Left untreated, this fungal infection is often fatal. This diarrheal disease often becomes chronic. This common global virus affects most adults during their lifetime. It often presents with eye or gastrointestinal infections.

This is often referred to as HIV-related dementia. It can be defined as a degenerative brain condition that affects people with CD4 counts of less than 100.

Deadly Diseases

Herpes simplex chronic and herpes zoster. Herpes simplex produces red, painful sores that appear on the mouth or genital area. Herpes zoster, or shingles, presents with painful blisters on skin surfaces.

While there is no cure for either, medications are available to alleviate some symptoms. This environmental fungal infection is commonly treated with antibiotics. This is a parasitic fungus.

It develops when people drink or come into contact with contaminated food and water sources. This is a type of bacterial infection. It often presents in people with severely compromised immune systems CD4 cell counts of less than 50.

  • The only way to determine whether you are infected is to be tested for HIV infection;
  • It's a leading cause of death among people with AIDS;
  • The class of drugs called protease PRO-tee-aze inhibitors the enzyme that the drug blocks is known as a protease has proven to be especially effective;
  • Follow a daily drug regimen that includes both antiretroviral therapies and prophylaxes medications used to prevent disease;
  • In some areas of the world, such as in sub-Saharan Africa, rates of HIV infection are extremely high and continue to rise rapidly.

Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia PCP. Careful monitoring and antibiotic therapies are currently used to treat the person following diagnosis. Pneumonia is an infection in one or both lungs. It can be caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi.

Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy PML. This neurological condition often affects people with CD4 cell counts below 200. While there is no current treatment for this disease, some response has been shown with antiretroviral therapies.

This parasitic infection commonly strikes people with CD4 cell counts below 200.


Prophylaxis treatments are used as a preventive measure for people posting low CD4 cell counts. This disease is most common in low-income areas of the world. It can be successfully treated in most cases if caught early. This OI causes a total weight loss of more than 10 percent of your normal body weight.

What Are AIDS and HIV?

Treatment involves dietary management and continued antiretroviral therapy. This form of cancer often presents with either oral lesions or lesions covering the skin surfaces. Current treatments include radiation and chemotherapy to shrink the tumors. A variety of cancers frequently present in people living with HIV.

Women living with HIV are at greater risk of developing cervical cancer. An impaired immune system presents challenges associated with treating this form of cancer. OIs are currently the leading cause of death for people living with HIV. However, antiretroviral therapies HAART and prophylaxis have shown promise in preventing these diseases, when taken as directed.

Doctor-prescribed drug regimens and healthy daily living habits can greatly improve life expectancy as well as quality of life for people living with HIV. Follow a daily drug regimen that includes both antiretroviral therapies and prophylaxes medications used to prevent disease. Ask your doctor which vaccines you may need. Use condoms consistently and correctly to avoid exposure to sexually transmitted infections.

Avoid illicit drug use and needle sharing. Avoid raw or undercooked products and unpasteurized dairy products.

The Most Dangerous Complications of HIV and AIDS

Wash your hands frequently when preparing foods. Antiviral medications and a healthy lifestyle greatly decrease the likelihood of contracting an opportunistic infection. Medications developed within the last 25 years have drastically improved the life span and outlook for people living with HIV.