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A history of the illegal drugs in the united states of america

Written by Casa Palmera Staff Drug abuse and addiction has been a social problem in America for nearly a century. What may be surprising is that many of these illegal drugs were first introduced by doctors as legal over-the-counter and prescription medications.

  • Not only did most states prohibit sale of cigarettes to minors, they also set penalties sometimes so severe as to make the whole tobacco prohibition approach a source of ridicule for the decades of the future;
  • In the 1800s and 1900s, there were;
  • By the summer of 1985, the drug, also commonly referred to as Adam or Ecstasy, had become alarmingly widespread in its use;
  • The Opium Prohibitions During the last quarter of the nineteenth century, the western states continued to pass legislation restricting use of opium.

Before the Civil War marijuana was a major source of revenue for the U. Marijuana was widely used as a medicinal drug from 1850 to 1937 and could even be purchased over the counter in pharmacies and general stores. Marijuana became an attractive alternative to alcohol after the price of alcohol was raised in 1920. In the 1930s, studies began to emerge that linked marijuana use by lower class communities to crime and violence, leading to the eventual banning of marijuana in 1937.

In the 1960s, marijuana use became a popular drug of choice among white Beatniks, and stricter penalties for marijuana offenses were passed under the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970. Since then, citizens and politicians alike have pushed to have marijuana decriminalized, but it remains an illegal drug in the U. Marijuana was, however, legalized for medical use in California in 1966 for people with serious illnesses, and medical marijuana still remains legal in some states.

History of Methamphetamine in America The stimulant amphetamine first became popular in the medical community in the 1920s, where it was used for stimulating the central nervous system, raising blood pressure, and enlarging nasal passages.

Amphetamines were widely distributed to soldiers during World War II to combat fatigue and improve endurance and mood, and were prescribed by doctors after the war to help fight depression. Amphetamine abuse began during the 1930s when it became an over-the-counter inhalant drug marketed under the name Benzedrine.

  1. The next year, Pemberton introduced a syrup called "Coca-Cola.
  2. Barbiturates In 1903 ' barbital, a derivative of barbituric acid, came into medical use as a tranquilizer and sedative.
  3. Subsequent public service campaigns urging people not to use patent medicines containing opiates "...
  4. By 1931, marijuana was outlawed in 29 states.

As more and more people legally used amphetamines, an illegal black market began to emerge. Illegal amphetamines were used commonly by truck drivers who wanted to stay alert on long commutes and athletes looking to improve their performance. Students also began taking illicit amphetamines to help them study.

The History of Drug Abuse in the United States

The practice of injecting amphetamines gained popularity in the 1960s, which led the emergence of underground labs that were mainly controlled by outlaw motorcycle groups.

During the 1970s, amphetamine use began to decline due to increased public awareness of its dangers and remained on a decline until the 1990s when crystal methamphetamine, a smokable form of methamphetamine, emerged. Since then, crystal meth has remained a popular drug of choice for three main types of users: History of Cocaine in America Cocaine was a popular medical drug in Europe for decades before it became popular in America.

The History of Illegal Drugs in America

By 1902 there were an estimated 200,000 cocaine addicts in the U. Cocaine was finally outlawed in 1914 and declined in usage over the decades until it regained popularity in the 1970s as a recreational, glamorized drug, eventually reaching its peak in 1982 with 10.

Crack became a popular alternative to cocaine in urban and working-class areas because it was much cheaper than cocaine.

History of United States drug prohibition

This led the psychiatric community to become interested in LSD for its possible therapeutic capabilities for depressed, psychotic and epileptic patients.

Illegal use of LSD began to escalate during the late 1950s and 1960s as mental health professionals and research study participants began to distribute the drug among their friends.

  • If LSD-25 had stayed in the laboratory and the parlors of a few university scholars, would it still be legal, available, and pure?
  • Light and water long since turned off for nonpayment.

LSD was only available through connections to the medical field until 1962, when a black market for LSD emerged in America. LSD use declined in the 1970s and 1980s, but reemerged in the 1990s in the rave subculture along with other hallucinogens. The opiate-based drug morphine was created in 1803 and widely used during the American Civil War as an injectable pain reliever, leading to the first wave of morphine addiction.

Interestingly, the drug heroin was created in 1895 and marketed three years later as a potential solution to the increasing problem of morphine addiction. James Society even mailed free samples of heroin to morphine addicts as part of a campaign against morphine addiction. As a result, heroin addiction began to take root and grow. The second major wave of opiate addiction in America began in the 1930s and 1940s Harlem jazz scene, and again during the Beatnik subculture of the 1950s.

During the Vietnam War, heroin abuse became rampant among U. Heroin users began smoking and snorting heroin after improvements were made in the purity of street heroin in the 1980s and 1990s. As a result, heroin usage rose significantly in the 1990s.