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A discussion on issues and factors affecting education in the united states of america

Topics include, but are not limited to, American Indian life, European exploration and colonization, the Revolutionary War, constitutional issues, nation building, expansion, the Civil War, and Reconstruction. The standards can be taught either chronologically or thematically, but are organized into chronological periods.

  1. Constitution influenced political structures around the world? Events leading to the war and the heavy toll of the war created a severely fractured America.
  2. The promoters of these innovations frequently fail to recognize each community's unique attributes and needs. Page 77 Share Cite Suggested Citation.
  3. These perceptions cause many individuals in society to jump to one or both negative conclusions.
  4. What were the motives that led to European exploration?
  5. Led by their teachers, students should have opportunities to consider and discuss the relative significance of diverse events.

Periodization is an organizational tool historians use to make connections and draw distinctions. Periods are flexible ways of making meaning, and may overlap chronologically. Whenever possible, students will be expected to make connections between historically significant events and current issues, helping to deepen their understanding of the context and complexity of civic life and preparing them for civic engagement.

Civic Preparation Civic engagement is one of the fundamental purposes of education. The progress of our communities, state, nation, and world rests upon the preparation of young people to collaboratively and deliberatively address problems, to defend their own rights and the rights of others, and to balance personal interests with the common good. Social studies classrooms are the ideal locations to foster civic virtue, consider current issues, learn how to act civilly toward others, build a civic identity, and promote an awareness of global issues.

These skills, habits, and qualities of character will prepare students to accept responsibility for preserving and defending their liberties. To reach these ends, student should have ample opportunities to: Engage in deliberative, collaborative, and civil dialogue regarding historical and current issues. Apply knowledge of governmental structure, historical concepts, geographic interrelationships, and economic principles to analyze and explain current events.

Engage in dialogue regarding American exceptionalism, in the sense of the special character of the United States as a uniquely free nation based on democratic ideals and personal liberty. Foundational Skills of the Social Studies Disciplines Students should develop skills associated with the disciplines of history, geography, political science, and economics, most notably the ability to construct arguments using the evidence, texts, and tools valued within each discipline.

Of particular importance in a United States history course is developing the reading, thinking, and writing skills of historians. These skills include the ability to think critically about evidence, use diverse forms of evidence to construct interpretations, and defend these interpretations through argumentative historical writing.

Students will corroborate their sources of evidence and place their interpretations within historical contexts. Among other elements of historical thinking, students should have opportunities to consider the concept of historical significance. Out of all the events that have happened in the past, historians must determine those that are significant enough for study. Led by their teachers, students should have opportunities to consider and discuss the relative significance of diverse events.

These skills are embedded within the standards in places that seem particularly appropriate. A Note on the Organization of the Utah Standards in All Core Areas Utah standards are organized into strands, which represent significant areas of learning within content areas. Depending on the core area, these strands may be designated by time periods, thematic principles, modes of practice, or other organizing principles.

Within each strand are standards. A standard is an articulation of the demonstrated proficiency to be obtained. A standard represents an essential element of the learning that is expected.

  1. It seems as though public schools have received intense scrutiny since their inception.
  2. A suburban New Jersey high school offered 14 AP courses, fencing, golf, ice hockey, and lacrosse, and the school district there had 10 music teachers and an extensive music program. What role did propaganda play in promoting the patriot cause?
  3. Describe how schooling in the United States helps perpetuate social inequality.
  4. A standard represents an essential element of the learning that is expected.

While some standards within a strand may be more comprehensive than others, all standards are essential for mastery. Core Standards of the Course U. For thousands of years, complex and sophisticated American Indian civilizations had flourished in the Americas, separated from other parts of the world by vast bodies of water. The international slave trade forced millions of Africans to the Americas, bringing these "three worlds" together in unprecedented ways.

Patterns of trade, exploration, conquest, and settlement have ramifications that continue to the present day. Possible Guiding Questions to Consider: How do historians and archeologists construct interpretations from artifacts, oral histories, legends, primary sources, and other evidence? What were the motives that led to European exploration? What were the effects of European exploration, especially on the indigenous populations encountered? How has physical geography affected cultures historically?

How does it affect cultures today? How is your own cultural history woven into the history of America? Students will analyze evidence, including artifacts and other primary sources to make evidence-based inferences about life among several American Indian nations prior to European exploration of the Americas.

Students will draw from multiple perspectives and cite evidence to explain the effects of European exploration, specifically on Africa, the Caribbean, and North and South America. Students will identify how the period of exploration has affected the current human geography of the Americas, and in particular the role their own cultural background has played. Many colonists fled poverty or persecution to start new lives in an unfamiliar land.

Africans were enslaved and brought to the Americas against their will. Interactions between colonists and the indigenous peoples living in North America added complexity to the colonies. Geographic and cultural factors influenced where colonists settled and how they lived. Sectional and regional differences emerged that would affect American history. Patterns established within the English colonies on the Eastern seaboard would shape many of the dominant political, economic, linguistic, and religious traditions of the United States.

What is a colony? What role did the concepts of self-government and religious freedom play in the colonial era? How did economic philosophies such as mercantilism promote colonization? How were English colonization patterns on the Atlantic coast different from those of the French colonies in the interior and Spanish colonization in what is now the southwestern United States?

How are colonization patterns of the French, Spanish, and English colonies evident in human geography patterns today? Students will identify the economic, social, and geographic factors that influenced the colonization efforts of the Dutch, English, French, and Spanish. Students will compare and contrast the economic, political, and social patterns evident in the development of the 13 English colonies.

Students will use primary sources as evidence to contrast the daily life and contexts of individuals of various classes and conditions in and near the English colonies, such as gentry, planters, women, indentured servants, African slaves, landowners, and American Indians.

Over time, many colonists who had viewed themselves as loyal subjects of the king began to support an independence movement that would result in war, the formation of the United States of America, and the ratification of a unique Constitution.

The contributions of Adams, Jefferson, Washington, Hamilton, Madison, and a discussion on issues and factors affecting education in the united states of america Founding Fathers, as well as those of men and women of all social classes and conditions, were vital in achieving independence and creating a new nation. What defines a political movement as a revolution?

Are there specific conditions that are necessary in order for political revolutions to occur?

What were the important political philosophies used to justify the American Revolution and advance the cause of liberty? How does the Declaration of Independence make a case for a new nation? What role did propaganda play in promoting the patriot cause?

How do some events, like the winter at Valley Forge and Washington crossing the Delaware, become major parts of the narrative of history when other events, like Morristown and Washington crossing the East River, do not? What led some colonists to become patriots, others to become loyalists, and some to remain neutral?

What is American exceptionalism, and in what ways has it shaped how Americans see themselves? Students will use primary sources to identify the significant events, ideas, people, and methods used to justify or resist the Revolutionary movement.

Students will explain how the ideas and events of the American Revolution continue to shape American identity. Dissatisfaction with inadequate early political structures led to the creation of the Constitution.

The Constitutional Convention brought together the greatest political minds of the fledgling nation. Through debate and compromise, the Founding Fathers brought together in a unique way the principles and philosophies that had been theorized and tested for centuries.

The Bill of Rights was then added, enumerating the rights of American citizens. In the end, the Constitution and Bill of Rights created the structure of a government that has functioned, survived crises, and evolved for over two centuries, affecting the life of every citizen today.

What were the problems that led to the calling of a Constitutional Convention? What vision of civic virtue is evident in the Constitution? How does a compound constitutional republic balance state and federal powers?

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What is the role of compromise in political processes? How has the U. Constitution influenced political structures around the world? In what ways can the U. Constitution be considered an exceptional document? Students will explain how the ideas, events, and compromises which led to the development and ratification of the Constitution are reflected in the document itself. Students will describe the structure and function of the government that the Constitution creates.

Students will use historic case studies and current events to trace how and explain why the rights, liberties, and responsibilities of citizens have changed over time. Students will use evidence to explain how the Constitution is a transformative document that contributed to American exceptionalism.

Reformers have worked to ensure that increasing numbers and classes of people enjoy the rights guaranteed by the Bill of Rights. Opposing political parties have worked to mold the leadership, laws, and policies of the new nation in order to fit their vision of America.

The first half of the nineteenth century was rich with examples of these organizing efforts that have set precedents still followed in the 21st century. What are the primary functions of political parties? Why are there only two dominant political parties at the national level? Is the two-party political system good for American democracy?

Are there conditions that are necessary in order for a reform movement to gain momentum or critical mass? What are the most effective ways to promote reform? How have Supreme Court decisions shaped the government? Students will use evidence to document the development and evolution of the American political party system and explain the historic and current roles of political parties.

Students will use case studies to document the expansion of democratic principles and rights over time. Significant advances in industrial technology, discoveries of vast natural resources, a series of gold rushes, visions of the destiny of the nation, continuing conflicts between American Indians and settlers, disagreements between slave states and free states, and a number of push and pull factors influenced territorial expansion.

The physical, political, and human geography of the United States today reflects, in part, the 19th century expansion of the nation. What motivated settlers to move west? What is the relationship between land and power?