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A comparison of the attitude to the institution of marriage in various countries

The survey of publics in 39 countries finds broad acceptance of homosexuality in North America, the European Union, and much of Latin America, but equally widespread rejection in predominantly Muslim nations and in Africa, as well as in parts of Asia and in Russia.

The Global Divide on Homosexuality

Opinion about the acceptability of homosexuality is divided in Israel, Poland and Bolivia. Attitudes about homosexuality have been fairly stable in recent years, except in South Korea, the United States and Canada, where the percentage saying homosexuality should be accepted by society has grown by at least ten percentage points since 2007.

These are also among the richest countries in the world. In contrast, in poorer countries with high levels of religiosity, few believe homosexuality should be accepted by society.

Age is also a factor in several countries, with younger respondents offering far more tolerant views than older ones.

Marriage and weddings

And while gender differences are not prevalent, in those countries where they are, women are consistently more accepting of homosexuality than men.

Where Homosexuality Is Most Accepted The view that homosexuality should be accepted by society is prevalent in most of the European Union countries surveyed. Views are not as positive in the U.

Being Christian in Western Europe

Opinions about homosexuality are also positive in parts of Latin America. Where Homosexuality Is Rejected Publics in Africa and in predominantly Muslim countries remain among the least accepting of homosexuality. Religiosity and Views of Homosexuality Updated May 27, 2014 The original version of this report included public opinion data on the connection between religion and morality in China that has since been found to have been in error.

  • Between 70 and 80 percent of adults in most American countries disagree marriage is outdated;
  • North America, Oceania, and Scandinavia generally take a more laissez-faire view of family matters, whereas Africa, Asia, the Middle East, and Latin America embrace a more familistic view of things;
  • Presumably, this is because some respondents who are relatively low in religious practice or belief would answer the first question posed by ESS by saying they have no religion, while the same respondents would identify as Christian, Muslim, Jewish, etc;
  • Non-practicing Christians tend to say religion should be kept out of government policy;
  • Non-practicing Christians tend to say religion should be kept out of government policy.

Specifically, the particular survey item that asked whether one needed to believe in a higher power or God to be a moral person was mistranslated on the China questionnaire, rendering the results incomparable to the remaining 39 countries. For this reason, the data from China has been removed from the current version of the report, re-released in May 2014.

Table of Contents

For further information, please contact info pewresearch. There are some notable exceptions, however.

  • The Lord's Prayer is said which is followed by a nuptial blessing;
  • Yet most adults surveyed still do consider themselves Christians, even if they seldom go to church;
  • Similar patterns are seen on belief in God, attendance at religious services and prayer.

For example, Russia receives low scores on the religiosity scale, which would suggest higher levels of tolerance for homosexuality. Gender and Age and Views of Homosexuality In most of the countries surveyed, views of homosexuality do not differ significantly between men and women. But in the countries where there is a gender gap, women are considerably more likely than men to say homosexuality should be accepted by society. And, while majorities of women and men in Britain, Chile, France and the U.

  1. But the survey can help answer the question.
  2. It is an educational and maturing process for married life.
  3. Visit BBC Webwise for full instructions Catholics are encouraged to marry other Catholics in order to attain a "perfect union of mind and full communion of life", but it is also the priest's duty to remember that marriage is part of God's natural law and to support the couple if they do choose to marry. But on both sides of the Atlantic, growing numbers of people say they are religiously unaffiliated i.
  4. But the percentage of Christians appears to have declined, especially in some countries. Both Australia and New Zealand have average scores of 4.

In many countries, views of homosexuality also vary across age groups, with younger respondents consistently more likely than older ones to say homosexuality should be accepted by society. Age differences are particularly evident in South Korea, Japan, and Brazil, where those younger than 30 are more accepting than those ages 30-49 who, in turn, are more accepting than those ages 50 and older.

In the EU, solid majorities across age groups in Britain, France, Germany, Spain, Italy and the Czech Republic express positive views of homosexuality, although Italians and Czechs ages 50 and older are considerably less likely than younger people in these countries to say homosexuality should be accepted.

  • The Lord's Prayer is said which is followed by a nuptial blessing;
  • Marriage is a near-universal institution around the globe;
  • From their covenant arises "an institution, confirmed by the divine law;
  • But overall, anti-immigrant, anti-Muslim and anti-Jewish opinions are more common among Christians, at all levels of practice, than they are among Western Europeans with no religious affiliation;
  • For a detailed statistical analysis combining multiple questions into scales of religious commitment and spirituality, see Chapters 3 and 5.

People ages 50 and older in the U. Mexicans and Chinese ages 18-29 are more likely than those in each of the other two age groups to offer positive views of homosexuality, but there is no significant difference between the views of 30-49 year-olds and those 50 or older.

And in Russia, El Salvador and Venezuela, those younger than 30 are more tolerant of homosexuality than are those ages 50 and older, while the views of those ages 30-49 do not vary considerably from those in the youngest and oldest groups.

  1. And while gender differences are not prevalent, in those countries where they are, women are consistently more accepting of homosexuality than men. But Catholics and Protestants in the region differ in their attitudes toward religious minorities.
  2. The meaning of marriage, however, varies from country to country and has changed across time. While the vast majority of Western Europeans identify as either Christian or religiously unaffiliated, the survey also includes interviews with people of other non-Christian religions as well as with some who decline to answer questions about their religious identity.
  3. The temptation to religious indifference can then arise.
  4. They may include a prayer for the gift of children, but this is optional. Catechism of the Catholic Church The Catechism also makes a distinction between a mixed marriage and a marriage with 'disparity of cult' a marriage between a Catholic and non-baptised person.
  5. On balance, those who were raised Christian and are now religiously unaffiliated are less likely than those who were always unaffiliated to say Islam is fundamentally incompatible with their national culture and values, or to take the position that Muslim women in their country should not be allowed to wear religious clothing. Throughout the Middle East [Egypt 96 percent and Saudi Arabia 90 percent ] and Africa [Nigeria 94 percent and South Africa 86 percent ], adults view positively an added emphasis on family life.

Across the predominantly Muslim countries surveyed, as well as in the six sub-Saharan countries, solid majorities across age groups share the view that homosexuality should be rejected by society. The mean score for each country is used in this analysis.