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A biography of guy de maupassant a french writer

He was the first son of Laure Le Poittevin and Gustave de Maupassant, both from prosperous bourgeois families. His mother urged his father when they married in 1846 to obtain the right to use the particule or form "de Maupassant" instead of "Maupassant" as his family name, in order to indicate noble birth.

After the separation, Laure Le Poittevin kept her two sons. With the father's absence, Maupassant's mother became the most influential figure in the young boy's life. At age thirteen, his mother next placed her two sons as day boarders in a private school, the Institution Leroy-Petit, in Rouen—the Institution Robineau of Maupassant's story La Question du Latin—for classical studies. In 1871, he left Normandy and moved to Paris where he spent ten years as a clerk in the Navy Department.

How was the French writer, Guy de Maupassant, influenced by Gustave Flaubert?

During this time his only recreation and relaxation was boating on the Seine on Sundays and holidays. Gustave Flaubert took him under his protection and acted as a kind of literary guardian to him, guiding his debut in journalism and literature. He devoted his spare time to writing novels and short stories. In 1880 he published what is considered his first masterpiece, " Boule de Suif ", which met with instant and tremendous success.

Guy de Maupassant

Flaubert characterized it as "a masterpiece that will endure. The decade from 1880 to 1891 was the most fertile period of Maupassant's life. Made famous by his first short story, he worked methodically and produced two or sometimes four volumes annually. His talent and practical business sense made him wealthy. In 1881 he published his first volume of short stories under the title of La Maison Tellier; it reached its twelfth edition within two years.

In 1883 he finished his first novel, Une Vie translated into English as A Woman's Life25,000 copies of which were sold in less than a year. His second novel Bel Amiwhich came out in 1885, had thirty-seven printings in four months.

Guy de Maupassant early in his career.

Apprenticeship with Flaubert

His editor, Havard, commissioned him to write more stories, and Maupassant continued to produce them efficiently and frequently. At this time he wrote what many consider to be his greatest novel, Pierre et Jean. With a natural aversion to society, he loved retirement, solitude, and meditation.

He traveled extensively in AlgeriaItaly, England, BrittanySicilyAuvergneand from each voyage brought back a new volume. He cruised on his private yacht Bel-Ami, named after his novel.

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This life did not prevent him from making friends among the literary celebrities of his day: Alexandre Dumas, fils had a paternal affection for him; at Aix-les-Bains he met Hippolyte Taine and became devoted to the philosopher-historian. Flaubert continued to act as his literary godfather. His friendship with the Goncourts was of short duration; his frank and practical nature reacted against the ambiance of gossip, scandal, duplicity, and invidious criticism that the two brothers had created around them in the guise of an 18th-century style salon.

Maupassant was one of a fair number of 19th-century Parisians including Charles GounodAlexandre Dumas, filsand Charles Garnier who did not care for the Eiffel Tower. Maupassant also wrote a biography of guy de maupassant a french writer several pseudonyms such as Joseph Prunier, Guy de Valmont, and Maufrigneuse which he used from 1881 to 1885.

In his later years he developed a constant desire for solitude, an obsession for self-preservation, and a fear of death and paranoia of persecution caused by the syphilis he had contracted in his youth. Guy De Maupassant penned his own epitaph: Significance[ edit ] Maupassant is considered one of the fathers of the modern short story.

He delighted in clever plotting, and served as a model for Somerset Maugham and O. Henry in this respect. The supernatural in Maupassant, however, is often implicitly a symptom of the protagonists' troubled minds; Maupassant was fascinated by the burgeoning discipline of psychiatryand attended the public lectures of Jean-Martin Charcot between 1885 and 1886.

The Works of Guy de Maupassant. His stories are second only to Shakespeare in their inspiration of movie adaptations with films ranging from StagecoachCitizen KaneOyuki the Virgin and Masculine Feminine. I can name as a sample — for their number is by no means small. Gene Roddenberryin an early draft for The Questor Tapeswrote a scene in which the android Questor employs Maupassant's theory that, "the human female will open her mind to a man to whom she has opened other channels of communications.

Due to complaints from NBC executives, this part of the script was never filmed. Claude Brasseur stars as the titular character.