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A biography and life work of john f kennedy 35th president of the united states

Early life

Visit Website Did you know? Kennedy's Senate career got off to a rocky start when he refused to condemn Senator Joseph McCarthy, a personal friend of the Kennedy family whom the Senate voted to censure in 1954 for his relentless pursuit of suspected communists.

In the end, though he planned to vote against McCarthy, Kennedy missed the vote when he was hospitalized after back surgery. Jack joined the U. Navy in 1941 and two years later was sent to the South Pacific, where he was given command of a Patrol-Torpedo PT boat.

Kennedy helped some of his marooned crew back to safety, and was awarded the Navy and Marine Corps Medal for heroism. His older brother, Joe Jr. He was killed in August 1944 when his Navy airplane exploded on a secret mission against a German rocket-launching site. A grieving Joe Sr. Less than a year later, he was back in Boston preparing for a run for Congress in 1946.

John F. Kennedy

Kennedy won reelection to the House of Representatives in 1948 and 1950, and in 1952 ran successfully for the Senate, defeating the popular Republican incumbent Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. Two years later, he was forced to undergo a painful operation on his back. While recovering from the surgery, Jack wrote another best-selling book, Profiles in Courage, which won the Pulitzer Prize for biography in 1957.

He defeated a primary challenge from the more liberal Hubert Humphrey and chose the Senate majority leader, Lyndon Johnson of Texasas his running mate.

  1. In 1999, when John Jr.
  2. He is also famous for the Bay of Pigs invasion and the Cuban missile crisis. In 1979 a special committee of the U.
  3. He was killed in August 1944 when his Navy airplane exploded on a secret mission against a German rocket-launching site. Sadly, his older brother Joe wasn't as lucky and died in combat during the war.
  4. He won the Pulitzer Prize in history for the book Profiles in Courage. The body of President John F.
  5. He defeated a primary challenge from the more liberal Hubert Humphrey and chose the Senate majority leader, Lyndon Johnson of Texas , as his running mate.

In the general election, Kennedy faced a difficult battle against his Republican opponent, Richard Nixon, a two-term vice president under the popular Dwight D.

Offering a young, energetic alternative to Nixon and the status quo, Kennedy benefited from his performance and telegenic appearance in the first-ever televised debates, watched by millions of viewers.

John F. Kennedy’s Early Life

With his beautiful young wife and their two small children Caroline, born in 1957, and John Jr. In his inaugural address, given on January 20, 1961, the new president called on his fellow Americans to work together in the pursuit of progress and the elimination of poverty, but also in the battle to win the ongoing Cold War against communism around the world.

Intended to spur a rebellion that would overthrow the communist leader Fidel Castrothe mission ended in failure, with nearly all of the exiles captured or killed. Two months later, East German troops began erecting a wall to divide the city.

Kennedy sent an army convoy to reassure West Berliners of U. Kennedy clashed again with Khrushchev in October 1962 during the Cuban missile crisis. After learning that the Soviet Union was constructing a number of nuclear and long-range missile sites in Cuba that could pose a threat to the continental United States, Kennedy announced a naval blockade of Cuba.

Otherwise, he was unable to achieve much of his proposed legislation during his lifetime, including two of his biggest priorities: Kennedy was slow to commit himself to the civil rights cause, but was eventually forced into action, sending federal troops to support the desegregation of the University of Mississippi after riots there left two dead and many others injured.

  1. His older brother, Joe Jr.
  2. Kennedy, delivering his inaugural address, January 20, 1961. His older brother, Joe Jr.
  3. His accused killer was Lee Harvey Oswald, a former U. In May 1961 Kennedy committed the United States to land a man on the Moon by the end of the decade, and, while he would not live to see this achievement either, his advocacy of the space program contributed to the successful launch of the first American manned spaceflights.
  4. Kennedy and first lady Jacqueline Kennedy minutes before the president was assassinated in Dallas, November 22, 1963.

The following summer, Kennedy announced his intention to propose a comprehensive civil rights bill and endorsed the massive March on Washington that took place that August. Twenty-four-year-old Lee Harvey Oswald, known to have Communist sympathies, was arrested for the killing but was shot and fatally wounded two days later by local nightclub owner Jack Ruby while being led to jail.

A presidential commission led by Chief Justice Earl Warren concluded that Oswald had acted alone, but speculation and debate over the assassination has persisted.

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