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What is the best way for society to protect consumer of prescription medicines

Counterfeiting can apply to both branded and generic products; and counterfeit products may include products with correct ingredients, wrong ingredients, without active ingredients, with insufficient quantity of active ingredient or with fake packaging. Thus, as a part of counterfeit medicine strategy, lifestyle drugs should too be tackled as other counterfeit medicines. Why are lifestyle drugs booming?: A person in the modern world seeks a very simplistic approach.

Everybody tries to solve the problem in a very reductionist, mechanical and biomedical way. They wish to search the answer for every simple health problem in a pill. This bent of the human psyche has further been exploited by some pharmaceutical industry, which obviously has an interest in selling all sorts of pills.

Misuse of Prescription Drugs

These pills may then be dominated by quacks and other media. Like any business, some drug companies also make decisions about what products to develop based on incentives. They want to sell the most products to the most people as if the money is going to fix the little problems of everyone instead of fixing the big problems of just a few people. It, in fact, generates the demand and then proceeds to meet it. Pharmaceutical companies are actively involved in sponsoring the definition of diseases and promoting them to both prescriber and consumers which is appropriately described by Moynihan et al.

These ailments which were previously considered minor have now come under treatable medical conditions under the influence of various pressures.

Lifestyle Drugs: Concept and Impact on Society

Latest is an example of medicalization of female dysfunction as a disease and looking for a Viagra-like alternatives for women[ 17 ]. Health conditions occur along a continuum.

On one end of spectrum lies the situation where treatment offers considerable benefit but there are other situations where these results from treatment are dubious and pose a challenge in certain groups of patients. Clearly, there is some ambiguity.

A school of thought would support lifestyle drugs in the name of progress, indicating that science redefines optimal health constantly, while the other is against them. Evolution of thought is evolving faster in modern age; a common notion that a condition which is occurring outside the domain of a treatment today, may be changed in future. Such evolution of thought is currently occurring generally in conditions with obesity and smoking.

Lifestyle drugs in Indian perspective: Two months after the launch of Viagra on December 26th, 2005, Pfizer has exceeded its targets by capturing 1. Is it the tip of iceberg or an indicator of what lifestyle drugs could do to India?

Several kings wished to remain young and youthful so that they could enjoy the worldly pleasures befitted for their royal existence.

Earliest evidences of papyrus during Assyrian and Egyptian civilization witness, the intention of man to live longer[ 19 ]. Such a concept of long life has been exploited more so in India by designing drugs and remedies; over the period of time, this scope would further broaden the existence of these lifestyle drugs and its importance by continuous debates.

If the same trend including the use of more lifestyle drugs goes on, then chances of increased proportion of population below poverty line will be enlarged. As of now, lifestyle drugs are common in the parlance of affluent class but in due course of time, it might spread to other social classes, virtually untapped so far.

In future both these sectors would try to influence our health care payments! Against the background of these factors, a huge market for lifestyle drugs is in the offing, which hitherto has a very low contribution to the Indian markets.

The market is likely to get further intensified, widened and deepened. The pharmaceutical companies are actively searching for new lifestyle products and conditions. Since, the lifespan of a human being is increasing and hence the demand for many lifestyle drugs is also burgeoning in a large scale.

  • Cannabis is another good example of a drug that has been considered in the west at least as a purely recreational drug but which is now as tetrahydrocannabinol in clinical trial for the relief of chronic pain and nausea[ 7 , 9 , 23 ];
  • Mental and emotional health can be corroded by the steady destruction of self-esteem by these kinds of advertisements;
  • This bent of the human psyche has further been exploited by some pharmaceutical industry, which obviously has an interest in selling all sorts of pills.

Keeping this large population in the backdrop, imagine what would happen to India, where there is a young population of 1. Fueled by ample and frequent direct to consumer advertising, these lifestyle drugs could have some devastating consequences on young, vibrant and ambitious Indian population.

The blatant advertisements and unceasing flaunting of products with supposed improvement in the physical, mental and sexual performances lead to an assault on the fragile mind of youngsters.

This is a matter of serious psycho-sociological concern. Mental and emotional health can be corroded by the steady destruction of self-esteem by these kinds of advertisements.

  1. Cognition enhancing drugs, stimulants like modafinil, drugs increasing the sexual performance are the potential candidates in this category.
  2. On one end of spectrum lies the situation where treatment offers considerable benefit but there are other situations where these results from treatment are dubious and pose a challenge in certain groups of patients. Cognition enhancing drugs, stimulants like modafinil, drugs increasing the sexual performance are the potential candidates in this category.
  3. Are pharmas addicted to lifestyle drugs?
  4. The concept of lifestyle medicine and lifestyle drugs in Pharmacology.

Our drug licensers should not be influenced by the approvals in the West. As most of the medicines are freely available as OTC in India, under such circumstances, there is a need to watch that legitimate lifestyle drugs do not become drug of abuse.

Cognition enhancing drugs, stimulants like modafinil, drugs increasing the sexual performance are the potential candidates in this category. A case as an instance: Many companies are thus producing height increase pills worldwide. It is publicized that height increase pills are essential for shorter persons!

For the same reasons height increasing pills are widely available in India as OTC products and are widely advertised through advertisements in newspapers and TV channels. These height increase pills or herbal products are assumed to be free from adverse effects!

Tall claims are made that these medicines increase height up to 4-5 inches even after your 30th birthday?

HOW TO DEFINE LIFESTYLE DRUGS?

Such a common availability of dubious drugs lead to many issues; whether these pills are really worth anything? For example, who grows after puberty or 25 years of age? As per the laws of the Drugs and Magic Remedies Objectionable Advertisements Act in India, no person can claim to increase height using any medicine; it is punishable under the law.

The efficacy of these height increase pills is not known. Probably there might be some loopholes which are being exploited. Implications associated with labeling of indications and products sales of these lifestyle drugs may be varied. For example, atropine was first used as a beauty aid based on its ability to dilate the pupil. Cocaine was first described as a lifestyle drug in use by the Indians in South America. Subsequently assimilated into European medicine as a local anaesthetic, it is now largely returned to lifestyle drug status and, regrettably, is the basis of an illegal multimillion dollar international drugs industry.

Cannabis is another good example of a drug that has been considered in the west at least as a purely recreational drug but which what is the best way for society to protect consumer of prescription medicines now as tetrahydrocannabinol in clinical trial for the relief of chronic pain and nausea[ 7923 ]. Some of the other implications include, social and cultural, resulting from the use of lifestyle drugs, which is changing the very social fabric of our culture.

This increase in their use raises the question of whether we are trying to homogenize the society, consciously or subconsciously! Healthcare systems face an altogether difficult challenge indeed! Should consumers not be protected from ineffective medicines that cost money and distract them from real health problems?

Most of the lifestyle drugs are herbal products that are allowed for over-the-counter sales without a prescription. Medical harm resulting from the indiscriminate use of lifestyle drugs includes adverse effects, abuse potentialities and safety concerns. No side-effects claim can also mean that these drugs might have no efficacy either? Finally the implications to the regulatory system include, evidence-based decision making, efficiency, ethics, laws and standards of regulatory policy to name a few.

In health care, despite some progress, India still has a high rate of maternal and infant mortality, malnourishment, and other endemic rural health problems like cholera, malaria, and other eradicable and communicable diseases.

  1. Many companies are thus producing height increase pills worldwide.
  2. As most of the medicines are freely available as OTC in India, under such circumstances, there is a need to watch that legitimate lifestyle drugs do not become drug of abuse.
  3. This increase in their use raises the question of whether we are trying to homogenize the society, consciously or subconsciously!

In order to influence drug industry decisions, India needs to be clear about the drugs policies. The government has an important role in helping us understand what drugs are available, and what drugs we will require in future. In a free market system, profits may be an indicator of what we want as individuals, but they may not be the best indication of what drugs we need as a society.

A project like GPHF minilab has a long way in reducing the negative impact of counterfeit medicines including all sorts of lifestyle drugs. Footnotes Rahman, et al.: Lifestyle drugs in India: Are we ready for them? Ministry of Finance, Govt. Pharmacology and the social agenda. Can Med Ass J. Lifestyle and non-medical uses of drugs. Rahman SZ, Gupta V. The concept of lifestyle medicine and lifestyle drugs in Pharmacology. Lifestyle drugs, mood, behaviour and cognition. Is norethisterone a lifestyle drug?.

Results of database Analysis. Is norethisterone a lifestyle drug? Health is not merely the absence of disease. On the significance of stature in human society. Are pharmas addicted to lifestyle drugs?

Clinicians, Patients, and Pharmacists

Guidelines for the development of measures to combat counterfeit drugs. Lifestyle drug market booming. The pharmaceutical industry and disease mongering. The making of a disease: Pfizer Limited India Available from: Sussex Academic Press; 2004. Ethnographic and Religious Approaches; pp.

Effect of payments for health care on poverty estimates in 11 countries in Asia: An analysis of household survey data. Growth hormone therapy and the short end of the stick. N Engl J Med.