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The review of peels principles of law enforcement

Students of Criminal Justice the world over study the principles of policing as developed by the father of modern policing, Sir Robert Peel. In establishing the rules of conduct known as the Principles of Policing, Sir Robert Peel gave careful thought to the mission of the new agency as well as how to ensure that mission would find success. As police forces in EnglandAmericaand Europe began to form, each adopted the principles of Sir Robert Peel for each could see the value in so doing Robertson, However, moving into the new millennium, it would appear that these same policing agencies are forgetting these principles and adopting a different strategy.

Thus, the question must be considered: Why teach the principles of Sir Robert Peel if these are not going to be applied on the job? Further, we must ask: The mission of police is to maintain peace and order in society.

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Thus, police agencies globally use the motto: To Protect and Serve. With this simple, yet daunting task facing the London Metropolitan Police force, set up inPeel developed the principles that would guide police for nearly two centuries. In summation, his principles served to inform police about how their conduct would impact their mission. Peel clearly understood a few things about human nature.

He understood the ageless axiom that for every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction. Thus, Robert Peel advised police to befriend the law-abiding public, to have them as trusted partners in the mission, not enemy combatants. He wisely advised that police only use physical force as a last resort and then, the minimum necessary to accomplish their objective.

Most importantly, Sir Robert Peel advised that police remain impartial enforcers, not activists nor judges, politically neutral, and conducting themselves above reproach at all times Lee, However, his final principle is the most telling for he stated that the determining factor in how effective a police agency is in accomplishing its mission is the degree of crime in their jurisdiction Lee, On this note, we must consider what is known about human behavior and social upheaval.

Human BehaviorSocial Upheaval, and Tit for Tat Any first-year student of human behavior can tell you that when people are treated unjustly they will eventually fight backoften violently.

This information is not really that new. Sir Robert Peel understood the truth of this. It is clear that he understood for much of his Nine Principles of Policing encourage police to treat the public right…just. Wikipedia But really, just how accurate is this assertion.

Have there not been times when people have permitted considerable repressions? Certainly, but no such repression has ever been without end, often bloody, destructive end. The dynamics that cause an individual to react and the dynamics of groups is not all that different. Individuals have a need to feel empowered…in control of their destinies Oakes, Groups have the same need the review of peels principles of law enforcement these are formed from individuals.

However, groups also have a need to be validated, feel secure, and experience movement. This last, is a need for stimulation and is found most often in attempts to expand the circle of like-minded individuals—growth. Thus, while brutality and repression by police against one group may continue long, it will not always persist against another. Each group reacts differently, but for the same purpose—to protect the group. Of course, police simply cannot befriend ALL groups in society.

Certainly criminals cannot be treated as friends. But they can be respected and based on Sir Robert Peels principlesshould be respected. Police can and should befriend as many in the public as possible Robertson, Sadly, in some parts of the nation it appears that police agencies do not see it this way.

The review of peels principles of law enforcement

Expanding the enemy to include virtually everyone has not reached our shores, but this idea begins by seeing everyone as a potential criminal. Some police do act as if the general public is to be guarded and the streets are simply a large prison yard. But evidence seems to indicate these are a minority—they simply appear to be a majority because of the rise of amateur video on the Internet.

Which view is correct will be demonstrated by time. Some police forces are applying these principles, knowingly or not, and enjoying the advantages of so doing. Other forces are not and are finding that their war on crime is becoming endless.

This is because of the dynamics of group-think. Groups fight to grow and when a fight comes their way, it fuels further growth. Police fight this group and this fuels still more growth.

Sir Robert Peel was the founder of the first police force in the United Kingdom. We could also believe that the reason is something more sinister. We may even think that some believe these principles to be useless today. All of these reasons are possible, but the most likely is the first—a lack of proper training Walker-Katz, Around the world, police agencies are upping the requirements for law enforcement and other positions in the Criminal Justice field.

Thus we see Criminal Justice degrees being aggressively encouraged. There is a huge demand for professional, educated police, probation officers, clerks, guards, and other criminal justice personnel. Rapidly disappearing are the days of uneducated police.

However, as we learn from the history of Tammany Hall, the need to keep politics out of law enforcement is clear Walker-Katz, Still, the principles developed by Sir Robert Peel can and are in many communities restoring respect the review of peels principles of law enforcement public favor to police agencies.

Sir Robert Peel’s Nine Principles of Policing

Starting in the s, some communities began to adopt community policing. Many cities today encourage police to live in certain neighborhoods where crime is high and community cooperation is low and this is beginning to yield good effects. Most cities require police live in the city they work. Many forces are encouraging police to become more involved in community affairs and projects and many to their credit volunteer time to these efforts Nicholl, Considering a Career in Law Enforcement?

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