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The political career of deng xiaoping a chinese revolutionary and statesman

  • A founder of the CCP Communist Party , he played a major role in the establishment of the Red Army and the development of a defensible base area in Jiangxi province during the late 1920s and early 1930s;
  • He formally assumed the post of Party Chairman in 1945;
  • In 1971 Lin was killed in a plane crash while fleeing China after an alleged assassination attempt on Mao;
  • But Mao came to have doubts about Lin and soon challenged him politically;
  • Biographical and Political Profile The Early Years Mao Zedong 1893-1976 was both a product and a part of the revolutionary change in 20th-century China.

See Article History Alternative Title: Liu was active in the Chinese labour movement from its inception, and he was influential in formulating party and, later, governmental strategy.

He played an important role in Chinese foreign affairs after the communists had gained control of the country. Early life and career Liu was the youngest son of a rich peasant landowner.

  1. It was here he faced the reality of rural revolution.
  2. Until his death, a failing Mao refereed a struggle between those who benefited from the Cultural Revolution and defended its policies, and rehabilitated veterans who believed that the Cultural Revolution had done China serious harm. His reminiscences indicate that he took himself and his convictions seriously.
  3. His reliance on the peasantry a major departure from prevailing Soviet doctrine and dependence on guerrilla warfare in the revolution were essential to the Communist triumph in China.
  4. Academics and students in China Studies departments. Mao's career in the army was brief and uneventful.

He attended middle school, went to an army school in Changshaand in 1919 studied French in North China. Soon after this he was assigned to the Secretariat of the Hunan provincial party organization as an aide to Mao Zedong.

  • The Social Reformer 6;
  • It will be invaluable to students and readers requiring an evaluation of Deng that is both comprehensive and authoritative;
  • Liu had at least eight children, and one of them, Liu Yuan by Wang , became a general in the Chinese army and a mid-level government bureaucrat;
  • Mao continued to study on his own and at age sixteen left home to complete his elementary school training in the Hunanese capital of Changsha.

Late that year Liu went to the Anyuan colliery to organize miners for what was to become a successful strike. From this time onward he became increasingly more involved in the labour movement—as leader of a sympathy strike in February 1923, as vice-chairman of the All-China Federation of Labour in May 1925, and as secretary general of the Third National Labour Congress in 1926. The year 1926 marked the high point of the Chinese labour movement.

When the Nationalist Party Kuomintang and the CCP split in April 1927, Liu and his comrades found the urban component of the Chinese communist movement decimated by Nationalist forces, and so they fled underground.

By 1931 the centre of gravity of the Chinese communist movement had shifted away from the cities to rural areas, but Liu remained in Shanghai, underground, taking part in movements in opposition to the Japanese invasion of Manchuria Northeast China and encroachment in North China.

Deng Xiaoping

His influence was not confined to state organs, however, but extended also into the party, where in late 1953 and early 1954 he led a purge of regional power holders. During the second session of the Eighth Party Congress in May 1958, Liu outlined the strategy for the second five-year economic plan called the Great Leap Forwardwhich was to lay the foundation for the rapid industrialization of China.

Shortly after the initiation of the Great Leap Forward, however, it became apparent that industrialization could not be achieved as rapidly as hoped, and a policy of retrenchment was called for.

During this period, Liu tried to revitalize agriculture by initiating policies that permitted peasants to cultivate private plots and spurred them on with monetary incentives; both were policies to which Mao later strongly objected.

In his new post as head of state, Liu began to play a more prominent role in foreign affairs, receiving state visitors from Indonesia, the Soviet UnionPakistan, Ghana, Cuba, North Vietnam, Cambodia, and North Korea. In addition, he traveled abroad rather extensively during 1959—66. Upon reaching this pinnaclehowever, Liu became one of the most important figures to be purged in the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution 1966—76.

  1. His reminiscences indicate that he took himself and his convictions seriously. Hua Guofeng , a relatively junior member of the hierarchy, achieved party leadership, and Deng Xiaoping was rehabilitated.
  2. Mao's career in the army was brief and uneventful. Soon after this he was assigned to the Secretariat of the Hunan provincial party organization as an aide to Mao Zedong.
  3. In 1971 Lin was killed in a plane crash while fleeing China after an alleged assassination attempt on Mao. His reliance on the peasantry a major departure from prevailing Soviet doctrine and dependence on guerrilla warfare in the revolution were essential to the Communist triumph in China.
  4. When the Nationalist Party Kuomintang and the CCP split in April 1927, Liu and his comrades found the urban component of the Chinese communist movement decimated by Nationalist forces, and so they fled underground. When Liu, Deng, and others seemed to be ignoring his call to "never forget class struggle," Mao in 1966 initiated the "Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution," exploiting discontent among some students the "Red Guards" and others.
  5. He formally assumed the post of Party Chairman in 1945.

Many persons associated with him, such as Peng Zhenmayor of Beijing, and Deng Xiaopinga member of the Political Bureau, were also purged, decimating what had been viewed as a highly cohesive Chinese leadership. No details of date or place of death were revealed, however, until May 1980, when the Beijing Review reported that Liu had died on Nov. Hua Guofenga relatively junior member of the hierarchy, achieved party leadership, and Deng Xiaoping was rehabilitated. Liu had at least eight children, and one of them, Liu Yuan by Wangbecame a general in the Chinese army and a mid-level government bureaucrat.