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The life and travels of david livingstone

David Livingstone

Livingstone On 16 November 1855, David Livingstone first laid eyes on the waterfall that would define his life story, which he named the Victoria Falls to honour his queen.

On the Zambian side of the falls, the Royal Livingstone Hotel named after the famous Scottish explorer, contains a vast collection of portraits, drawings, and maps detailing his explorations. If you think you know everything there is to know about David Livingstone, some of these facts may surprise you: Africa was Plan B David Livingstone, the Scottish explorer, abolitionist and physician who is famous for being the first European to discover Victoria Falls, initially hoped to go to China as a missionary.

When the first Opium War broke out in September 1839, his plans changed, and Livingstone focused his ambitions on Africa instead.

However, he believed his spiritual calling lay in exploration with the aim of finding commercial trade routes to displace those of the slave traderather than preaching. Also, with only one convert — a tribal chief named Sechele — Livingstone was a pretty terrible missionary, and he eventually resigned from the London Missionary Society.

Livingstone actually suggested the association between mosquitoes and malaria some 30 years before Ronald Ross established the link.

Early life

He travelled lightly Livingstone became great friends with local tribal chiefs, and spoke several African languages.

His advantage over other explorers; he travelled lightly. While other expeditions included dozens of armed soldiers and scores of hired porters carrying supplies — and were subsequently seen as military threats or mistaken for slave-raiding parties — Livingstone travelled with only a few servants and porters, bartering for supplies along the way.

Livingstone was a disorganised expedition leader During his Zambezi Expedition, which lasted from 1858 until 1864 in which time Lake Malawi was discoveredLivingstone was criticised by his expedition members for being secretive, self-righteous and moody.

His physician, John Kirk, wrote in 1862: Livingstone was famous in his own time During his first visit back to the British Isles, Livingstone became a national hero.

15 Things You Didn’t Know about Dr. Livingstone

He was awarded a gold medal from the Royal Geographical Society, an honorary doctorate from Oxford University, and a private audience with Queen Victoria. Those eager to shake his hand also mobbed him in the streets as he became somewhat of a celebrity.

He had one regret His penchant for exploring could not help but affect his family life.

David Livingstone married Mary Moffat, and despite living in the same house for only four of the 17 years of their marriage, the couple had several children. On finding the Lualaba River, Livingstone mistakenly concluded it was the high part of the Nile River. He was haunted by what he witnessed While searching for the source of the Nile, Livingstone witnessed a slave massacre at Nyangwe, where some 400 people were killed.

Livingstone was so shattered by the experience he abandoned his mission.

The Life and African Exploration of David Livingstone

Livingstone disappeared for 6 years Livingstone completely lost contact with the outside world for six years. Stanley located the physician in Ujiji in late 1871, and upon seeing him, uttered the famous words: The words are famous because of their tongue-in-cheek humour: Dr Livingstone was the only white person for hundreds of miles.

His heart is buried in Africa, under a Mvula tree now the site of the Livingstone Memorialbut his remains are buried at Westminster Abbey. His legacy is prolific Although Livingstone was wrong about the Nile, he discovered numerous geographical features for Western science, and his observations enabled large regions to be mapped which previously had been blank. Livingstone inspired other explorers Though he did little traditional missionary work while he was alive, Livingstone inspired hundreds of men and women to give their lives for African missions.

Mary Slessorfor example, decided to follow in the footsteps of her hero and, in 1875, arrived in Calabar present-day Nigeria.