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The life and rise to glory of adolf hitler

Adolf Hitler Hitler, Adolf 1889-1945ruled Germany as dictator from 1933 to 1945. Hitler's forces conquered most of Europe before they were defeated in 1945. Hitler spread death as no person has done in modern history. He ordered tens of thousands of those who opposed him to be executed, and hundreds of thousands to be thrown into prison. He was totally unscrupulous and believed that the strong must win, while the weak lose.

  • The Gestapo secret state police hunted down the enemies and opponents of the government;
  • Nevertheless, for German Christians the Nazi era was a time of pressure and persecution.

In the struggle for power, any trick, however ruthless, was justified. His strength of will, his ability to lie, cheat, and flatter helped him to win power. Hitler particularly persecuted Jews. He ordered them removed and killed in countries he controlled.

Hitler set up concentration camps where about 3 million Jews were murdered. Altogether, Hitler's forces killed about 6 million European Jews as well as about 5 million other people that Hitler regarded as racially inferior or politically dangerous. Adolf Hitler began his rise to political power in 1919, the year after World War I had ended.

The German Empire had been defeated, and the nation's economy lay in ruins. Hitler joined a small group of men who became known as Nazis. He soon became their leader. Hitler and his followers believed the life and rise to glory of adolf hitler could win back Germany's past glory.

He promised to rebuild Germany into a mighty empire that would last a thousand years. Many people did not take Hitler seriously. But his fiery words and brilliant blue eyes seemed to hypnotize those who listened to him. Many Germans believed he was their protector and friend. His emotional speeches made crowds cheer "Heil, Hitler! Hitler became dictator of Germany in 1933 and quickly succeeded in regaining some territories taken from Germany as a result of World War I.

He threatened war against Czechoslovakia in 1938, but was stopped by a combination of counterthreats and concessions. His forces invaded Poland in 1939. Hitler had a clear vision of what he wanted, and he had the daring to pursue it. But his aims had no limits, and he overestimated the resources and abilities of Germany.

Hitler had little regard for experts in any field. He regularly ignored the advice of his generals and followed his own judgment, even while Germany was being defeated in the last years of the war. Finally, as United States, British, and Soviet troops closed in on the heart of Germany, during the first months of 1945, Hitler killed himself.

He was the fourth child of the third marriage of Alois Hitler, a customs official. Alois Hitler was 51 years old when Adolf was born. Adolf's mother, Klara Polzl, was 28 years old. She was a farmer's daughter. Alois Hitler was born to an unmarried woman named Anna Maria Schicklgruber. A wandering miller named Johann Georg Hiedler married her about five years later. Hiedler died in 1856, when Alois was 20 years old, having never recognized Alois as his child.

In 1876, Hiedler's brother arranged for Alois to be registered as the legitimate son of Johann Georg and Maria Hiedler. The priest who made the entry spelled the name "Hitler. Only four of Alois Hitler's eight children lived to adulthood.

Adolf had a sister, Paula; a half brother, Alois; and a half sister, Angela. About six years after Adolf's birth, his father retired and moved near Linz, Austria. Adolf received good marks in primary school, but he was a poor student in secondary school.

His low marks angered his harsh, ill-tempered father. Alois wanted his son to have a career as a civil servant. But the boy wanted to be an artist. His mother drew a widow's pension and owned some property. Adolf did not have to go to work.

He spent his time daydreaming, drawing pictures, and reading books. In 1907, Hitler went to Vienna, the capital of Austria-Hungary. He wanted to be an art student, but he failed the entrance examination of the Academy of Fine Arts twice.

His mother died in 1907.

  • Nazi Supporters The Nazis won their support primarily from the lower middle class and the peasantry;
  • German workers there responded by going on strike;
  • He rearmed the nation, first secretly, then in open violation of the Treaty of Versailles.

Adolf had an income from the money his mother left her children and inherited some money from his aunt. He also claimed an orphan's pension.

Sometimes he sold his drawings and paintings. He lived comfortably and idly during most of his stay in Vienna, considering himself an artist. Hitler also concerned himself with political observations, admiring the effective leadership and organization of the Social Democratic Party in Vienna. He developed a growing hatred for Jews and Slavs. Like many German-speaking Austrians, Hitler became fiercely nationalistic. No form of government could last, he thought, if it treated people of different nationalities equally.

In 1913, Hitler moved to Munich, Germany. The Austrian Army called him for a physical examination, but he was found unfit for service. World War I began in August 1914. Hitler volunteered immediately for service in the German Army and was accepted. He served valiantly as a messenger on the Western Front for most of the war, taking part in some of the bloodiest battles. He was wounded and twice decorated for bravery. But Hitler rose only to the rank of corporal. When Germany surrendered in November 1918, he was in a military hospital recovering from temporary blindness that resulted from his exposure in battle to mustard gas.

He was deeply shaken by news of the armistice.

  • They had been put there in the 1800's by the ruling Abbot as a pun or play on words;
  • These voters were strongly nationalistic in their political views and feared that the depression would deprive them of their standard of living;
  • The SA, still led by Roehm, and the Nazi left vigorously opposed his alliance with business and military leaders, and a group of monarchists was campaigning for a restoration of the monarchy;
  • He used simple catchphrases, repeated over and over;
  • I need not say here that Social Democracy is the pace-maker of Communism.

He believed that the unity of the German nation was threatened, and that he must attempt to save Germany. Despair and turmoil increased as the army returned to a bankrupt country. Millions of Germans could not find work. A socialist-liberal republic replaced the defeated empire. The treaty held Germany responsible for the war.

It stripped the nation of much territory and restricted the German Army to 100,000 men. It also provided for a 15-year foreign occupation of an area of western Germany called the Rhineland. But the harshest part was the demand that Germany pay huge reparations payments for war damages.

The sums demanded by the treaty were so great that they made peace difficult. Nationalists, Communists, and others attacked the new government. The nationalists demanded punishment for the "criminals" who had signed the treaty.

Birth of the Nazi Party.

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After Hitler recovered from the effects of the mustard gas, he returned to Munich and remained in the army until March 1920. In the autumn of 1919, he began to attend meetings of a small nationalist group called the German Workers' Party. The group became known as the Nazi Party. The Nazis called for the union of all Germans into one nation, including the Austrians and German minorities in Czechoslovakia and other countries.

The life and rise to glory of adolf hitler

They demanded that citizens of non-German or Jewish origin be deprived of German citizenship, and they called for the cancellation of the Treaty of Versailles. Hitler was a skilful politician and organizer. He became leader of the Nazis and quickly built up party membership--partly by his ability to stir crowds with his speeches.

Hitler attacked the government and declared that the Nazi Party could restore the economy, assure work for all, and lead Germany to greatness again. Hitler also organized a private army he called storm troopers. The troopers fought the armies of the Communist, Social Democratic, and other parties who opposed Nazi ideas or tried to break up Nazi Party rallies. By October 1923, the storm troopers numbered 15,000 members. They had a considerable number of machine guns and rifles.

The Beer Hall Putsch. In 1923, Germany was in deep trouble. France and Belgium had sent troops to occupy the Ruhr District, the chief industrial region.

German workers there responded by going on strike. The strike aggravated a crisis in Germany's economy, which had already been weakened by the reparations payments, and German money lost almost all value. Communist and nationalist revolts flared up throughout Germany, and the state of Bavaria was in open conflict with the central government in Berlin.

Hitler saw an opportunity amid these troubles to overthrow both the Bavarian and national German governments.