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The importance of developing a new safety system in vehicles

Alabama Established the Joint Legislative Committee to study self-driving vehicles.

Arkansas Regulates the testing of vehicles with autonomous technology, relates to vehicles equipped with driver-assistive truck platooning systems. California SB 1298 2012 Requires the Department of the California Highway Patrol to adopt safety standards and performance requirements to ensure the safe operation and testing of autonomous vehicles, as the importance of developing a new safety system in vehicles, on the public roads in this state.

Permits autonomous vehicles to be operated or tested on the public roads in this state pending the adoption of safety standards and performance requirements that would be adopted under this bill.

California AB 669 2017 Extends the sunset date of the law allowing the testing of vehicle platooning with less than 100 feet between each vehicle from January 2018 to January 2020. California AB 1444 2017 Authorizes the Livermore Amador Valley Transit Authority to conduct a shared autonomous vehicle demonstration project for the testing of autonomous vehicles that do not have a driver seat in the driver's seat and are not equipped with a steering wheel, a brake pedal, or an accelerator.

California SB 145 2017 Repeals a requirement that the Department of Motor Vehicles notifies the Legislature of receipt of an application seeking approval to operate an autonomous vehicle capable of operating without the presence of a driver inside the vehicle on public roads.

Repeals the requirement that the approval of such an application is not effective any sooner than a specified number of days after the date of the application. California SB 1 2017 This bill encourages the California Department of Transportation and cities and counties to, when possible, cost-effective and feasible, use funds under the Road Maintenance and Rehabilitation Program to use advanced technologies and communications systems in transportation infrastructure that recognize and accommodate advanced automotive technologies that may include, but are not necessarily limited to, charging or fueling opportunities for zero-emission vehicles, and provision of infrastructure-to-vehicle communications for transitional or fully autonomous vehicle systems.

Colorado SB 213 2017 Defines automated driving system, dynamic driving task and human operator. Allows a person to use an automated driving system to drive or control a function of a motor vehicle if the system is capable of complying with every state and federal law that applies to the function that the system is operating.

Requires approval for vehicle testing if the vehicle cannot comply with every relevant state and federal law.

  • Permits the operation of fully autonomous vehicles in the state without a human operator in the vehicle;
  • Washington The Washington State Transportation Commission must convene an executive and legislative work group to develop policy recommendations to address the operation of autonomous vehicles on public roadways in the state.

Requires the department of transportation to submit a report on the testing of automated driving systems. Establishes a task force to study fully autonomous vehicles. Authorizes the operation of autonomous vehicles by certain persons for testing purposes under certain conditions and requires an instrument of insurance, surety bond or self-insurance prior to the testing of a vehicle.

Directs the Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles to prepare a report recommending additional legislative or regulatory action that may be required for the safe testing and operation of vehicles equipped with autonomous technology, to be submitted no later than Feb. Florida The relevant portions of this bill are identical to the substitute version of HB 1207.

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Florida HB 7027 2016 Permits operation of autonomous vehicles on public roads by individuals with a valid driver license. This bill eliminates the requirement that the vehicle operation is being done for testing purposes and removes a number of provisions related to vehicle operation for testing purposes. Eliminates the requirement that a driver is present in the vehicle. Requires autonomous vehicles meet applicable federal safety standards and regulations.

Florida Defines autonomous technology and driver-assistive truck platooning technology. Requires a study on the use and safe operation of driver-assistive truck platooning technology and allows for a pilot project upon conclusion of the study. Georgia HB 472 2017 Specifies that the law prohibiting following too closely does not apply to the non-leading vehicle in the importance of developing a new safety system in vehicles coordinated platoon.

Defines coordinated platoon as a group of motor vehicles traveling in the same lane utilizing vehicle-to-vehicle communication technology to automatically coordinate the movement of the vehicles. Georgia SB 219 2017 Defines automated driving system, dynamic driving task, fully autonomous vehicle, minimal risk condition and operational design domain. Exempts a person operating an automated motor vehicle with the automated driving system engaged from the requirement to hold a driver's license.

Specifies conditions that must be met for a vehicle to operate without a human driver present in the vehicle, including insurance and registration requirements. Illinois Preempts local authorities from enacting or enforcing ordinances that prohibit the use of vehicles equipped with Automated Driving Systems. The bill also lays out an approval system for vehicle platooning in the state, including requiring the person or organization to file a plan for general vehicle platoon operations with the transportation commissioner.

The Department of Vehicle Regulation then has thirty days from the date of receipt to review the notification plan submitted and approve or reject the plan. If the department rejects a submitted plan, it must inform the motor carrier of the reason for the rejection and provide guidance on how to resubmit the notification and plan to meet the standards.

Only commercial motor vehicles shall be eligible to operate in a platoon. An appropriately endorsed driver who holds a valid commercial driver's license shall be present behind the wheel of each commercial motor vehicle in a platoon. A commercial motor vehicle involved in a platoon shall not draw another motor vehicle in the platoon. Each commercial motor vehicle involved in a platoon shall display a marking warning other motorists and law enforcement that the vehicle may be part of a platoon.

The department shall promulgate administrative regulations to set forth procedures for platooning, including required elements of a platooning plan. Louisiana Defines "autonomous technology" for purposes of the Highway Regulatory Act. Maine HP 1204 2018 This bill created the Commission on Autonomous Vehicles to coordinate efforts among state agencies and knowledgeable stakeholders to inform the development of a process to allow an autonomous vehicle tester to demonstrate and deploy for testing purposes an automated driving system on a public way.

The commission will consist of at least 11 members. The commission shall A. Develop a recommendation for a process to evaluate and authorize an autonomous vehicle tester to demonstrate and deploy for testing purposes an automated driving system on a public way; B.

Review existing state laws and, if necessary, recommend legislation for the purposes of governing autonomous vehicle testers and the testing, demonstration, deployment and operation of automated driving systems on public ways; C. Monitor state compliance with federal regulations as they relate to autonomous vehicles; D. Consult with public sector and private sector experts on autonomous vehicle technologies, as appropriate; and E.

Invite the participation of knowledgeable stakeholders to provide written and oral comments on the commission's assigned duties.

By January 15, 2020, the Commissioner of Transportation shall submit an initial written report on the progress of the commission and by January 15, 2022, the Commissioner of Transportation shall submit a final written report that includes findings and recommendations, including suggested legislation, for presentation to the joint standing committee of the Legislature having jurisdiction over transportation matters.

Additionally, the Commissioner of Transportation shall adopt rules, in consultation with the Department of Public Safety and the Department of the Secretary of State, to establish a process to evaluate and authorize an autonomous vehicle tester to demonstrate and deploy for testing purposes an automated driving system on a public way.

The Commissioner of Transportation may immediately prohibit an operator or autonomous vehicle tester from testing an automated driving system if the Commissioner of Transportation, in consultation with the Commissioner of Public Safety and the Secretary of State, determines that testing poses a risk to public safety or that the operator or autonomous vehicle tester fails to comply with the requirements as established by rule.

Michigan Allows for autonomous vehicles under certain conditions. Allows operation without a person in the autonomous vehicle.

Specifies that the requirement that commercial vehicles the importance of developing a new safety system in vehicles a minimum following distance of 500 feet does not apply to vehicles in a platoon. Michigan Defines automated driving system. Provides immunity for automated technology manufacturers when modifications are made without the manufacturer's consent. Michigan Exempts mechanics and repair shops from liability on fixing automated vehicles.

Michigan SB 169 2013 Defines "automated technology," "automated vehicle," "automated mode," expressly permits testing of automated vehicles by certain parties under certain conditions, defines operator, addresses liability of the original manufacturer of a vehicle on which a third party has installed an automated system, directs state DOT with Secretary of State to submit report by Feb. Michigan Limits liability of vehicle manufacturer or upfitter for damages in a product liability suit resulting from modifications made by a third party to an automated vehicle or automated vehicle technology under certain circumstances; relates to automated mode conversions.

A platoon may be operated in this state only after an operator files a plan for approval of general platoon operations with the Department of Transportation. If that department approves the submission, it shall forward the plan to the Department of Public Safety for approval.

The plan shall be reviewed and either approved or disapproved by the Department of Transportation and the Department of Public Safety within thirty days after it is filed. If approved by both departments, the operator shall be allowed to operate the platoon five working days after plan approval. The Motor Carrier Division of the Department of Public Safety shall develop the acceptable standards required for each portion of the plan.

  1. Arkansas Regulates the testing of vehicles with autonomous technology, relates to vehicles equipped with driver-assistive truck platooning systems. Provides that the manufacturer of a vehicle that has been converted to be an autonomous vehicle by a third party is immune from liability for certain injuries.
  2. Additionally, a law enforcement interaction plan shall be included as part of the demonstration and test application that includes information for law enforcement and first responders regarding how to interact with such a vehicle in emergency and traffic enforcement situations.
  3. To make this system useful for those without formal training in logic, they are building a user interface that allows engineers to use the tools without having to write the underlying logic.
  4. Exempts a person operating an automated motor vehicle with the automated driving system engaged from the requirement to hold a driver's license.

Nebraska LB 989 2018 This bill defines automated driving system and other relevant terms. The bill states that a driverless-capable vehicle may operate on public roads in the state without a conventional human driver physically present in the vehicle, as long as the vehicle meets the following conditions: The DMV shall consult with the railroad companies operating in the state when considering an exemption that affects vehicle operations at railroad crossings.

Before an automated-driving-system-equipped vehicle may operate on the public roads, a person must submit proof of financial responsibility satisfactory to the DMV that the automated-driving system-equipped vehicle is covered by insurance or proof of self-insurance that satisfies the requirements of the Motor Vehicle Safety Responsibility Act. Additionally, the bill clarifies that a person may operate an on-demand driverless-capable vehicle network.

Such a network may provide transportation of persons or goods, including: The Nebraska Rules of the Road shall not be construed as requiring a conventional human driver to operate a driverless-capable vehicle that the importance of developing a new safety system in vehicles being operated by an automated driving system, and the automated driving system of such vehicle, when engaged, shall be deemed to fulfill any physical acts required of a conventional human driver to perform the dynamic driving task.

The bill also clarifies responsibilities In the event of a crash or collision: The DMV is the sole and exclusive state agency that may implement this act. The state or any political subdivision shall not impose requirements, including performance standards, specific to the operation of automated driving-system-equipped vehicles, automated driving systems, or on-demand driverless-capable vehicle networks in addition to the requirements of this act.

The state or any political subdivision thereof shall not impose a tax or other requirements on an automated-driving-system-equipped vehicle, an automated driving system, or an on-demand driverless-capable vehicle network, where such tax or other requirements relate specifically to the operation of automated-driving-system-equipped vehicles.

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Nevada SB 140 2011 Prohibits the use of cell phones or other handheld wireless communications devices while driving in certain circumstances, and makes it a crime to text or read data on a cellular phone while driving. Permits use of such devices for persons in a legally operating autonomous vehicle. These persons are deemed not to be operating a motor vehicle for the purposes of this law. Nevada SB 313 2013 Relates to autonomous vehicles. Requires an autonomous vehicle that is being tested on a highway to meet certain conditions relating to a human operator.

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Requires proof of insurance. Prohibits an autonomous vehicle from being registered in the state, or tested or operated on a highway within the state, unless it meets certain conditions. Provides that the manufacturer of a vehicle that has been converted to be an autonomous vehicle by a third party is immune from liability for certain injuries.

Permits the operation of fully autonomous vehicles in the state without a human operator in the vehicle. Specifies that the original manufacturer is not liable for damages if a vehicle has been modified by an unauthorized third party.

Allows the DMV to adopt certain regulations relating to autonomous vehicles. Specifies that the following distance requirement does not apply to a vehicle using platooning technology.

Imposes an excise tax on the connection of a passenger to a fully autonomous vehicle for the purpose of providing transportation services. Specifies requirements for autonomous vehicle network companies, including a permitting requirement, prohibitions on discrimination, and addressing accessibility.

  1. These persons are deemed not to be operating a motor vehicle for the purposes of this law.
  2. The logic specifies when the system can perform what operations and not get unintended actions that could cause failures or potential failures. By January 15, 2020, the Commissioner of Transportation shall submit an initial written report on the progress of the commission and by January 15, 2022, the Commissioner of Transportation shall submit a final written report that includes findings and recommendations, including suggested legislation, for presentation to the joint standing committee of the Legislature having jurisdiction over transportation matters.
  3. The DMV is the sole and exclusive state agency that may implement this act.
  4. Specifies requirements for operation, including insurance of five million dollars.

Permits the use of autonomous vehicles by motor carriers and taxi companies if certain requirements are met.

New York SB 2005 2017 Allows the commissioner of motor vehicles to approve autonomous vehicle tests and demonstrations. Requires supervision from the state police for testing. Specifies requirements for operation, including insurance of five million dollars.

Defines autonomous vehicle technology and dynamic driving task. Requires a report on testing and demonstration.

Such tests and demonstrations shall only take place under the direct supervision of the New York state police and in a form and manner prescribed by the superintendent of the New York state police.

Additionally, a law enforcement interaction plan shall be included as part of the demonstration and test application that includes information for law enforcement and first responders regarding how to interact with such a vehicle in emergency and traffic enforcement situations.

North Carolina HB 469 2017 Establishes regulations for the operation of fully autonomous motor vehicles on public highways of this state. Requires an adult be in the vehicle if a person under 12 is in the vehicle. Establishes the Fully Autonomous Vehicle Committee. North Carolina Modifies the follow-too-closely law to allow platooning.