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The description of the most heroic man of the anglo saxon times in beowulf

See Article History Beowulf, heroic poem, the highest achievement of Old English literature and the earliest European vernacular epic. It deals with events of the early 6th century and is believed to have been composed between 700 and 750.

Although originally untitled, it was later named after the Scandinavian hero Beowulf, whose exploits and character provide its connecting theme.

There is no evidence of a historical Beowulf, but some characters, sites, and events in the poem can be historically verified. The poem did not appear in print until 1815.

Unexpectedly, young Beowulf, a prince of the Geats of southern Sweden, arrives with a small band of retainers and offers to cleanse Heorot of its monster. During the night Grendel comes from the moors, tears open the heavy doors, and devours one of the sleeping Geats.

  • He is a man, and that for him and many is sufficient tragedy;
  • The fight is long and terrible and a painful contrast to the battles of his youth;
  • This quotation shows the importance of courage in the Anglo-Saxon culture;
  • The word comes from the Sanskrit word, dhri, which means "to sustain;
  • The disastrous defeat of the English forces is transformed by the poet's art into a moral victory.

He then grapples with Beowulf, whose powerful grip he cannot escape. He wrenches himself free, tearing off his arm, and leaves, mortally wounded.

The next day is one of rejoicing in Heorot. In the morning Beowulf seeks her out in her cave at the bottom of a mere and kills her. The Danes rejoice once more.

Hrothgar makes a farewell speech about the character of the true hero, as Beowulf, enriched with honours and princely gifts, returns home to King Hygelac of the Geats.

But now a fire-breathing dragon ravages his land and the doughty but aging Beowulf engages it.

The fight is long and terrible and a painful contrast to the battles of his youth. Painful, too, is the desertion of his retainers except for his young kinsman Wiglaf.

Beowulf kills the dragon but is mortally wounded. The poem ends with his funeral rites and a lament. Beowulf belongs metrically, stylistically, and thematically to a heroic tradition grounded in Germanic religion and mythology.

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It is also part of the broader tradition of heroic poetry. The ethical values are manifestly the Germanic code of loyalty to chief and tribe and vengeance to enemies. Yet the poem is so infused with a Christian spirit that it lacks the grim fatality of many of the Eddaic lays or the sagas of Icelandic literature. Beowulf himself seems more altruistic than other Germanic heroes or the ancient Greek heroes of the Iliad.

It is significant that his three battles are not against men, which would entail the retaliation of the blood feudbut against evil monsters, enemies of the whole community and of civilization itself. Many critics have seen the poem as a Christian allegorywith Beowulf the champion of goodness and light against the forces of evil and darkness.

That is not to say that Beowulf is an optimistic poem. The English critic J.

The Anglo-Saxon Hero

Tolkien suggests that its total effect is more like a long, lyrical elegy than an epic. Even the earlier, happier section in Denmark is filled with ominous allusions that were well understood by contemporary audiences. In the second part the movement is slow and funereal: Beowulf has often been translated into modern English; renderings by Seamus Heaney 1999 and Tolkien completed 1926; published 2014 became best sellers.

  • The kind of heroism these warriors embody is not based on superhero-like invincibility, but rather on their unswerving courage and loyalty in the face of inevitable defeat;
  • The life into which one is born has been caused by actions one has taken in the past; this is how Rita operates in the moral world;
  • Here lies our lord all hewn down, good man on ground;
  • Their virtues were those of reckless and absolute personal courage, loyalty to one's chief; and on the chief's part, generosity and protection.

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