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Scientific facts should always be considered in decision making

Messenger Which is more important, a fact or an opinion on any given subject? It might be tempting to say the fact. But not so fast… Lately, we find ourselves lamenting the post-truth world, in which facts seem no more important than opinions, and sometimes less so.

We also tend to see this as a recent devaluation of knowledge. But this is a phenomenon with a long history. As the science fiction writer Isaac Asimov wrote in 1980: The view that opinions can be more important than facts need not mean the same thing as the devaluing of knowledge.

Not all facts are true To call something a fact is, presumably, to make a claim that it is true. What we think are facts — that is, those things we think are true — can end up being wrong despite our most honest commitment to genuine inquiry.

What Is Decision Making?

For example, is red wine good or bad for you? And was there a dinosaur called the brontosaurus or not? Thinking it a sphere, however, is very different from thinking it to be flat. Asimov expressed this beautifully in his essay The Relativity of Wrong.

For Asimov, the person who thinks Earth is a sphere is wrong, and so is the person who thinks the Earth is flat. But the person who thinks that they are equally wrong is more wrong than both.

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Geometrical hair-splitting aside, calling something a fact is therefore not a proclamation of infallibility.

It is usually used to represent the best knowledge we have at any given time. Unaccompanied by any warrant for belief, it is not a technique of persuasion. Matters of fact and opinion Then again, calling something an opinion need not mean an escape to the fairyland of wishful thinking. This too is not a knockout attack in an argument.

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But we can be much clearer in our meaning if we separate things into matters of fact and matters of opinion. Matters of fact are confined to empirical claims, such as what the boiling point of a substance is, whether lead is denser than water, or whether the planet is warming. Ethics is an exemplar of a system in which matters of fact cannot by themselves decide courses of action. Matters of opinion can be informed by matters of fact for example, finding out that animals can suffer may influence whether I choose to eat thembut ultimately they are not answered by matters of fact why is it relevant if they can suffer?

  • Do you think intuition is respected as a decision-making style?
  • Which conclusions are justifiable by the findings?
  • Primary data and Secondary data sets;
  • Is the method of classification or of measurement consistent for all the subjects and relevant to Item No;
  • People who prefer rational reasons will give more positive evaluations when we give them more rational-based instructions;
  • Think about how you make important decisions in your life.

Backing up the facts and opinions Opinions are not just pale shadows of facts; they are judgements and conclusions. They can be the result of careful and sophisticated deliberation in areas for which empirical investigation is inadequate or ill-suited.

For example, it is a fact that I prefer vanilla ice cream over chocolate. In other words, it is apparently a matter of fact that I am having a subjective experience.

But we can heal that potential rift by further restricting matters of fact to those things that can be verified by others. I could be faking it. But we can all agree in principle on whether the atmosphere contains more nitrogen or carbon dioxide because we can share the methodology of inquiry that gives us the answer.

We can also agree on matters of value if the case for a particular view is rationally persuasive. Facts and opinions need not be positioned in opposition to each other, as they have complementary functions in our decision-making.

In a rational framework, they are equally useful.