Term papers writing service


Normative ethical subjectivism and four arguments aganist

Introductions especially concerning stutteringroll, syllabus. Informal discussion of issues in metaethics. The distinction between normative and naturalistic vocabulary.

Two main views in moral semantics: Two kinds of reductive naturalism: Two main views in moral metaphysics: Deontic statements, axiological statements, aretaic statements.

"Normative Ethical Subjectivism" And The Four Arguments Aganist It With Examples

Definitions of 'subjective property' and 'objective property'. Lots of examples; possible sources of confusion. Poll on "Is morality objective of subjective? Why ethical knowledge is a potential problem for Empiricism. The difference between Subjectivism and Non-Cognitivism.

Moral terms in simple sentences vs. Moore's Argument against Subjectivism: Moore's Argument against Westermarck's Subjectivist Theory. Moore's Argument as applied to Cultural Relativism first version.

Moore's Argument as applied to Cultural Relativism second version. DCT and Moral Epistemology. The Ideal Observer Theory. A First Look at the Arbitrariness Argument.

  • Just because someone has chosen to use the word "moral" to refer to a concept which is compatible with the random torture of children, doesn't somehow mean that it is compatible with MY concept of morality;
  • In today's society, homosexuality is everywhere you go;
  • Perhaps the anti-realist would deny he is committed to holding all first-order evaluations false;
  • Nothing turns on these being the only such conditions, although I do insist that there are at least these three conditions;
  • Why should everyone take tolerance as a virtue to be valued if all values are relative?
  • Now both of these views, as well as any other version of 1 , are undoubtedly in conflict with how we ordinarily think of moral claims.

Reductio ad Absurdum arguments. Why the two kinds of anti-constructivist arguments that we've studied -- Moore's Argument from Disagreement and the Arbitrariness Argument -- don't presuppose realism.

  • Definitions of 'subjective property' and 'objective property';
  • A famous passage by Mill;
  • Desire satisfactionism and the suicidal teenager;
  • So the anti-realist cannot go on talking the same way about ethics as ordinary folk do.

A look at the calendar. What are natural properties? Reductive views in other areas. Is DCT a form of reductionism? Is it a form of naturalism? Two kinds of reductionism is ethics: Two definitions of 'open question'. The rationale for each premise. Two objections to Moore's argument: The proves-too-much objection using 'bachelor'. Why Moore might think this case is different.

Handed out and discussed An Overview of our Metaethical Exploration. Argument that some moral beliefs must be non-inferential.

  1. But this is a dubious suggestion. Fully General Moral Principles.
  2. III Consider the view 1 Moral claims do not assert propositions. Indeed, it would be difficult to imagine doing without such beliefs, in much the same way that it would be difficult to imagine living with the consequences of epistemological skepticism.
  3. Yes the company may not make it through but John will still be able to find another job where as if he commits fraud things may be a lot worse for him in the long run.
  4. Methethical antirealism is centered on the idea that because there is no right and wrong actions, just personal preferences there is no such thing as morality. This would be a claim of meta- ethics, not of normative ethics, but it clearly undermines one's ability to assert a theory of normative ethics.

Incomplete draft of Study Guide for Midterm is now up get started on it now; working through it can also help with your paper. Four kinds of putatively non-inferentially justified beliefs: Mackie's arguments from queerness: Motivational Judgment Externalism vs. Handed Out A Taxonomy of Metaethics. Four of Mackie's arguments against Intuitionism: Examples of Moral Disagreement.

  1. What do they have in common? I only wish to make clear that such a position is possible and would be a form of realism, and therefore the second half of the theory stated above does not by itself entail anti- realism.
  2. Our problems worsen once we turn to more complex claims involving moral terms.
  3. Compare also, "Unless a terrible miscarriage of justice occurred, Simpson didn't kill his wife. Is it a form of naturalism?
  4. Where subjectivity comes into play is in the selection of the concept itself. This was an ethical dilemma with a difficult decision to make, let the Jews be tortured, starved, or shot by the Nazis or end their suffering and risk ones own death.

Can a Cultural Relativist explain or even be consistent with disagreement, at least between cultures? How Nihilism explains disagreement. Why widespread disagreement might seem surprising if Moral Realism is true. Realist responses to the Argument from Disagreement: Review Day for Midterm. Grade, return, and review Midterm Part 1. More review for Midterm Part 2. Return and review First Papers and Part 2 of Midterms. Three Areas of Normative Ethics: The Case of Baby Theresa. I'll post the slides I used today on Thursday.

Fully General Moral Principles. Necessary and sufficient conditions. A sample moral theory: The fundamental project of the normative ethics of behavior.

A couple more sample theories: Slides for Intro to NEB. What are some uncontroversially wrong actions? What do they have in common? Problems with the Suffering Principle.

Problem with the Suffering Principle: A famous passage by Mill. How best to state Mill's idea? Hedonic utility, maximization, and alternatives. The Switch case from the Trolley Problem, and how this relates. Two Act Utilitarian Replies: The Rule Utilitarian Response. Problems with Primitive Rule Utilitarianism. Potential counterexamples to welfarism: Is health intrinsically good?

Is being alive intrinsically good? How do we test this? Is being healthy intrinsically good? A list of the initially plausible normative ethical subjectivism and four arguments aganist welfare goods. Hedonism in three clauses. The value of lives. Lecture by Jay Geyer. The Desire Satisfaction account of welfare. Must things matter to you for them to be better for you Resonance Constraint?

Dealing with desires that are bad for you cherry pie allergies: Dealing with welfare-irrelevant desires sick stranger on a bus: Three Main Theories of Well-Being: Lists of arguments for and against each theory. Desire satisfactionism and the suicidal teenager. Desire satisfactionism and the sick stranger on a bus.

The Experience Machine Objection to Hedonism. Difficulties in stating the objection. Took poll on one of Rice's arguments for objectivism about welfare.

The Subjectivist's Dilemma

Concluded Experience Machine Objection to Hedonism. Return to Normative Ethics of Behavior.

  • Why Moore might think this case is different;
  • Our characterization of moral realism and anti-realism draws some support from its correct classification of these cases;
  • Therefore, ethical relativism is not true;
  • What is meant here by the qualifier "objectively" is that their truth does not depend on beliefs, feelings, or other attitudes of observers towards the things evaluated.

Monism in the Normative Ethics of Behavior. The Concept of a Prima Facie Duty. How the concept of a prima facie duty is "theory-neutral," and provides a "framework" for normative theorizing; utilitarian reasoning put in terms of prima facie duties.

Ross List of Prima Facie Duties. Ross' Argument from Promises against Utilitarianism. An brief introduction to Decision Theory. An example of a decision under moral uncertainty: