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Love and kindness in city of joy by dominique lapierre

The novel in the modern era usually makes use of a literary prose style, and the development of the prose novel at this time was encouraged by innovations in printing, and the introduction of cheap paper, in the 15th century.

Novel, an unvented prose narrative of considerable length and a certain complexity that deals imaginatively with human experience usually through a connected sequence of events involving a group of persons in a specific setting, within its broad frame work, the genre of the novel has encompassed an extensive range of types and styles: The novel is today the longest genre of narrative prose fiction, followed by the novella, short story, and flash fiction. However in the 17th century critics saw the romance as of epic length and the novel as its short rival.

A precise definition of the difference in length between types of fiction, is, however, not commonly cited. Functionality is most commonly cited as distinguishing novels from historiography. Throughout the early modern period authors of historical narratives 3 would often include inventions rooted in traditional believes in order to embellish a passage of texts or add credibility to an opinion.

Historians would also invent and compose speeches for didactic purposes. Novels depict the social political and personal realities of a place and period with clarity and detail not found in works of history. Still 1750s historians were the main critics of the novel and they emphasized its lack of veracity and therefore serious worth and criticism evolved and with Romanticism came the idea that works of fiction could be art.

However, in the 15th century, following the invention of printing, prose began to dominate European fiction. This immediately led to the development of a special elevated prose style modeled on Greek and roman histories and the traditions of verse narrative. The French language is a romance dialect derived from Latin and heavily influenced principally by Celtic and Frankish. Beginning is the 11th century; literature written in medieval French was one of the oldest love and kindness in city of joy by dominique lapierre literatures.

In Western Europe and it became a key source of literary themes in the middle Age across the continent. Although the European prominence of French literature was eclipsed in part by vernacular literature in Italy in the 14th century, literature in France in 16th century underwent a major creative evolution, and through the political and artistic programmers of the Ancient Regime French literature came to dominate European letters in the 17th century.

In the 18th century, French became the literary lingua and diplomatic language of Western Europe, and French letters have had a profound impact on all European and American literary traditions while at the same time being heavily influenced by these other national traditions African and the far East have brought the French language to 4 non- European cutlers that are transforming and adding to the French literary experience today.

Today, French schools emphasize poetry often learnt by heart. The literary arts are heavily sponsored by the state and literary prizes are major news.

Literature matters deeply to the people of France and plays an important role in their sense of identity. As of 2006, French literary people have been awarded more Nobel Prizes in Literature than novelists, poets and essayist of any other country. Colette was the pen name of the French novelist Sidonie-Gabrielle Colette. She was best known at least in the English speaking world. She studied piano as a child and received marks in mathematics and dictation.

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In 1893, at the age 20, she married Henry Gauthier Villars. Claudine still has the power to charm. Post-world war I, her writing career bloomed following the publication of Cheri 1920. Cheri tells a story of the end of a six- year affair between an aging retired courtesan, Lea and a pampered young man, Cheri.

Upon her death in Paris in 1954 Colette left 50 published novels in total, many with autobiographical elements. Her themes can be roughly divided into idyllic natural tales or dark struggles in relationships and love, all her novels were marked by clever observation and dialogue with an intimate, explicit style. Albert Camus 1913-1960 was a French- Algerian Nobel prize winning author, journalist and philosopher.

His views contributed to the ruse of the philosophy known as absurdism.

  • The book chronicles not only the separation of the wealthy from the poor but the separation of the different levels of poverty, caste divisions, and the differences of the many religions living side by side in the slums;
  • And it is because the poor are the only ones to be able to know such riches that they are able to stand up against the wretchedness of the world, against injustice against the suffering of the innocent;
  • Awards[ edit ] The book received Christopher Award [2] in 1986, given for creative work that exhibits the highest values of the human spirit;
  • The resiliency and inner peace of its inhabitants are marvelous to behold story after heart-wrenching story unfolds;
  • The author and his wife traveled to India many times, sometimes staying with friends in the "City of Joy";
  • He chooses not only to serve the poorest of the poor in Calcutta but also to live with them, starve with them, and if God wills it, die with them.

He wrote in his essay The Rebel that his whole life as devote to opposing the philosophy of nihilism while still delving deeply into individual and sexual freedom. Camus was born in France- Algeria to a Pied -Noir family. He studied at the University of Algeria where he was goal keeper for the university association football team, until he contracted tuberculosis in 1930.

Albert Camus in his essay The Myth of Sisyphus first used the term absurd describes the existential meaninglessness of the human condition. In an interview in 1945, Camus rejected any ideological associations: Archived from the original on 8 October 2010. Retrieved 7 October 2010.

Jean Genent 1910-1986 was a prominent and controversial French novelist, play write, poet, essayist and political activist. Early in his life he was a vagabond and a petty criminal, but later took to writing. By 1949 Genet had completed five novels, three plays and numerous poems many controversial for their explicit and often deliberately provocative portrayal of homosexuality and criminality. He participated in demonstrations drawing attention to the living conditions of immigrants of France.

He worked with Foucault and Sartre to protest police love and kindness in city of joy by dominique lapierre against Algerians in Paris, a problem persisting since the Algerian War of Independence. Genet developed throat cancer and was found dead on 15 April 1986 in a hotel room in Paris.

He was one of the key roles in the philosophy of existentialism and phenomenology, and one of the leading figures in twentieth century French philosophy and Marxism. His work has also influenced sociology, critical theory, post colonial theory and literary studies and continues to influence these disciplines.

Sartre has also been noted for his open relationship with the prominent feminist theorist Simone de Beauvoir. He was awarded the 1964 Nobel Prize in Literature but refused it, says that he always declined official honors and that a write should not allow himself to be tuned into an institution. Literature Sartre wrote successfully in a number of literary modes and made major contributions to literary criticism and literary biography.

His plays are richly symbolic and serve as a means of conveying his philosophy. Sartre died 15 April 1980 in Paris. He was a distant relative of the Yiddish writer Isaac Leib Peretz. In 1958 to 1959 Perec served in the army, and married Paulette Petras after being discharged.

  • Through the eyes of Stephen Kovalski the world has seen the city of joy;
  • The story revolves around the trials and tribulations of a young Polish priest, Stephen Kovalski, the hardships endured by a rickshaw puller, Hasari Pal the sufferer in Calcutta Kolkata , the experiences of a young American doctor, Max Loeb and Bandona, the beautiful Assamiese nurse who became an Angel of Mercy for the afflicted; and many others who rose above their harsh destinies and shared their lives first hand with them.

They spent one year in Sfax Tunisiawhere Paulette worked as a teacher. A Story of the Sixties was awarded the Prix Renaudot in 1965. Many of his novels and essays abound with experimental word play, lists and attempts at classification, and they are usually tinged with melancholy. Dominique Lapierre was born in Chatelaillion-Plage, France. At the age of thirteen he travelled to America with his father who was a diplomat.

Love and kindness in city of joy by dominique lapierre

He developed interests in travelling, and writing. Lapierre renovated a 1927 Nash that his mother gave him and decided to travel across America during his summer holidays. To earn his way he painted mail boxes. Later, he received a scholarship to study the Aztec civilization in Mexico.

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He hitch- hiked throughout America living an adventurous existence, wrote articles, washed windows in churches, gave lectures and even found a job as a Siren Cleaner on a boat retuning to Europe. One day a truck driver who picked him up on the road to Chicago stole his suitcase. He found the driver before the police did. The Chicago Tribune paid him one hundred dollars for his exclusive story.

His twenty thousand miles of adventure beginning with just thirty dollars in his pocket led to his first book A Dollar for a Thousand Kilometers.

It became one of the best sellers of postwar France and other European countries. He fell in love with a fashion editor. They were married in Newyork city hall on his 21st birthday.

  • If we consider the story -line and depiction of the incidents, interestingly we can find change in pattern from character to character;
  • At the age of thirteen he travelled to America with his father who was a diplomat;
  • What Lapierre has presented is not a collage from the scarp-books of history but a subtle ground-level view of human situation along with great compassion in a form that represents the borderline between reportage and fiction;
  • The family, living on a pavement reluctantly and sorrowfully agrees to let their children beg for food when their father can no longer give them food, even after donating blood from his severely under nourished body.

On his return to Paris after his honeymoon he wrote his second book, Honeymoon around the Earth, and he was conscripted into French army. After one year in the lank regiment, he was transferred to the SHAPE headquarters to serve as an interpreter. One day in the Cafeteria he met a young American corporal Larry Collins, a Yale graduate and draftee.

They became friends instantly. They decided to join forces to tell a big story. Their first bestseller, Is Paris Burning? Sold ten million copies in thirty languages. He was awarded the Padma Bhushanm Indians third highest civilian award in the 2008 Republic Day honours list. It is a great story on some of the unknown heroes of the earth, heroes who know what real love, compassion, and sharing with others mean.

And it helps a great cause. Here, in union impoverished section of Calcutta, Lapierre found more heroism, more love, more sharing, and ultimately more happiness than in many a city of the affluent west.

Above all he was overwhelmed to discover that this seemingly inhuman place had 9 the magical power to produce heroes and heroines, and countless other inspiring people who are ordinary and completely unknown. The story revolves around the trials and tribulations of a young Polish priest, Stephen Kovalski, the hardships endured by a rickshaw puller, Hasari Pal the sufferer in Calcutta Kolkatathe experiences of a young American doctor, Max Loeb and Bandona, the beautiful Assamiese nurse who became an Angel of Mercy for the afflicted; and many others who rose above their harsh destinies and shared their lives first hand with them.

Father Stephen joins a religious order whose vowes put them in the most hellish places on earth. He chooses not only to serve the poorest of the poor in Calcutta but also to love with them, starve with them and if God willed it, die with them.

The slum dwellers are ignored and exploited by wider society and authorities of power but are not love and kindness in city of joy by dominique lapierre their own prejudices. This becomes evident by their attitudes towards the lepers and the continuation of the caste system. The story also explores how a peasant farmer Hasari Pal arrives in Calcutta with his family after a drought wipes out the farm village where his family has lived for generations. The third main character is that of a rich American doctor who had just finished med school and wants to do something with a purpose before opening up his practice, catering to the wealthy.

The book chronicles not only the separation of the wealthy from the poor but the separation of the different levels of poverty, Caste divisions and differences of the many religions living side by side in the slums. It touches on Mother Teresa and her sisters of mercy as well. Both beautiful and horrific an overall feeling of peace and well being is achieved by the story end. Despite facing hunger, deplorable living conditions, illness, bone breaking work or no work at all and death, the people still hold on to the belief that life is precious and worth living whose capacity for hospitality has been pushed beyond imagining everything they are in poverty.

And it is because the poor are the only ones to be able to know such riches that they are able to stand up against the wretchedness of the world, against injustice against the suffering of the innocent. City of Joy510 Hospitality is the relationship between the guest and the host or the act or practice of being hospitable.

However, it still involves showing respect for ones guests providing for their needs and treating them as equal. To the ancient Greeks hospitality was a divine right. The host was expected to make sure of the needs of his guests, were seen to.