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Life and works of frederic francois chopin

Frédéric Chopin

All of his works include the piano. He was the second of four children of Nicholas Chopin, a Frenchman, and his Polish wife, Justina, who had been a well-educated but poor relative in the Skarbek household, where Nicholas had been a tutor. At an early age, Chopin displayed artistic talents—he was an artist, wrote poetry, and played piano without any formal instruction. The gifted child also began composing his own music and had his first piece of music published when he was just seven years old.

Young Chopin had a good education and later studied music privately with Joseph Elsner, founder and director of the Warsaw Conservatory.

  • Initially, there were problems, professional and financial;
  • But an introduction to the wealthy Rothschild banking family later that year suddenly opened up new horizons;
  • These include 20 nocturnes, 25 preludes, 17 waltzes, 15 polonaises, 58 mazurkas and 27 etudes;
  • Seeking to expand his horizons, he left Poland for Vienna in November 1830, and after eight months there, headed for Paris;
  • By this time the young Chopin began drawing comparisons to Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 1756—1791 , another composer who had demonstrated spectacular talent at a young age;
  • When rumours of tuberculosis reached the villa owner, they were ordered out and could find accommodations only in a monastery in the remote village of Valldemosa.

In 1817 Chopin's first composition was performed publicly. A year later he himself performed in public, playing a concerto music written for one or more instruments by Adalbert Gyrowetz.

FrÉdÉric Chopin Biography

By this time the young Chopin began drawing comparisons to Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 1756—1791another composer who had demonstrated spectacular talent at a young age.

Musical training In 1826 Chopin became a full-time student at Elsner's conservatory, where he received an excellent foundation in theory, harmony, and melody.

Elsner, after recognizing that Chopin's style was too original to force into traditional patterns, granted Chopin the freedom to develop along clear personal lines. Chopin recognized that he must leave Warsaw for exposure to other musicians. He went to Vienna, Austria, to try to arrange the publication of several of his works. Middle period When the twenty-year-old Chopin arrived in Paris, poor physical health prevented him from giving public performances.

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Nevertheless, he became a significant figure in Parisian artistic circles, numbering among his friends musicians, writers, and painters, as well as many wealthy and talented women. Chopin recognized that he did not have the stamina strength to compete in public against such talents as Franz Liszt 1811—1886 and Sigismund Thalberg 1812—1871.

  • Middle period When the twenty-year-old Chopin arrived in Paris, poor physical health prevented him from giving public performances;
  • In 1836 he met for the first time the free-living novelist Aurore Dudevant, better known as George Sand ; their liaison began in the summer of 1838;
  • A particularly strong impression was made on the young composer by his summer sojourns in Szafarnia in 1824 and 1825;
  • All of his works include the piano.

So long as he was able to earn enough by teaching, Chopin preferred composition to playing concerts. His musical tastes were public knowledge.

Chopin At 200

Friendly with Hector Berlioz 1803—1869 and Mendelssohn, he was not impressed with their music. Schumann introduced Clara Wieck to Chopin's work, and eventually her performances of Chopin's pieces made favorable impressions on many audiences. Final years Several young ladies appear to have been the object of Chopin's affections over the years, but the most celebrated female with whom he had a relationship was Aurore Dudevant, known as George Sand, whom he met in 1836.

For nine years, beginning in 1838, after he had composed the "Funeral March" which later became part of the B-flat Minor Sonatashe was his closest associate.

Despite failing health, the composer completed his twenty-four Preludes in Valldemosa, Majorca one of the Balearic Islands in the western Mediterranean. In 1846 Sand's children became a problem. Chopin sided with Solange, Sand's daughter, in arguments against Sand and her son, Maurice.

  1. His high income from these sources set him free from the strain of concert giving, to which he had an innate repugnance.
  2. Initially, there were problems, professional and financial.
  3. He composed virtually nothing in the final year of his life. During the school year, he was the school organist at the Church of the Nuns of the Visitation , thanks to which he became familiar with the repertoire of organ music and Polish church song.

Separation became inevitable, and the beginning of the end for Chopin. His health failed, and he lost all interest in composition.

Chopin then moved to England, where he gave several private performances in London and on May 15 played for Queen Victoria 1819—1901. After a rest in Scotland, he returned to London in the fall of 1848, where on November 16 he played a benefit for Polish refugees at the Guildhall.

The Life And Music Of Frederic Chopin

He returned to Paris shortly afterward, where he died of tuberculosis a disease that attacks the lungs and bones on October 17, 1849, in Paris, France. Although Chopin's output was rather small compared to other great composers, his works such as his sonatas music for one instrument in B flat minor 1840 and the concertos in E minor 1833 are still some of the most popular pieces in classical music.

For More Information Dineen, Jacqueline. Silver Burdett Press, 1996.