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Julius caesars triumph in the civil war made him absolute ruler of rome

Julius Caesar Julius Caesar's military might, political savvy, and diplomatic genius made him supremely popular among the Roman citizenry. The first conspirator greeted Caesar, then plunged a knife into his neck.

  1. Nobody knew if Caesar would act as Sulla and strip the people of any powers they had, or if he would continue down the popular political course he had always adhered to.
  2. In the final procession for Caesar's victory in Africa, many Romans were concerned because of the actual war that occurred between Romans. It also tells us that how aware Cassius is of facts such as these.
  3. Pompey married Caesar's daughter Julia. He threatens Brutus more than once.
  4. It was expected that the war against Jugurtha would be long and difficult.
  5. At some point in late 46 BC, Caesar embarked for Spain in what would turn out to be his last military campaign.

Other stabbers followed suit. One by one, several members of the Senate took turns stabbing Julius Caesar 100-44 B. Stunned that even his good friend Brutus was in on the plot, Caesar choked out his final words: On the steps of the Senate, the most powerful man in the ancient world died in a pool of his own blood. About "Et tu, Brute? The army of Julius Caesar looked very similar to the soldiers in this 2nd-century B.

Caesar the Dictator

This is not historically accurate. According to the 1st century C.

Refer to Julius Caesar Act 1 Scene 2, Act 2 Scene 1 and Act 4 Scene 3 Essay

Roman historian Suetonius, Julius Caesar spoke mainly Greek and not Latin, as was the case with most patricians at the time. In his history about the life of Julius Caesar, Suetonius writes that as the assassins plunged their daggers into the dictator, Caesar saw Brutus and spoke the Greek phrase kai su, teknon, meaning "you too, my child. On one hand, Caesar may have been amazed to find a close friend like Brutus trying to kill him; on the other hand, he may have meant that Brutus would pay for his crime in the future for this treachery.

  • At that time there were two aediles elected;
  • The Senate accepted that the treaty was a legitimate one and Jugurtha was allowed to return to Numidia;
  • Cleopatra needed for Caesar to put her back into effective control of Egypt;
  • Sulla supported that political grouping.

Either way, the words were Greek, so leave "Et tu, Brute" for Shakespeare. Roman coins celebrated Caesar's military victories in Gaul present-day France. Long before Julius Caesar became dictator from 47-44 B. The rich had become wealthier and more powerful as a result of Rome's many military successes.

Meanwhile, life for the average Roman seemed to be getting worse.

Attempts to reform the situation by two brothers, Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus, were met with opposition that eventually resulted in their deaths. Julius Caesar led his Roman legions as far north as Britain in 55 B. He and his army may have seen this view upon landing at Deal Beach.

"Fall of the Roman Republic" Index of Pages

In addition, slavery was on the rise, and violent slave revolts were commonplace. In this 19th-century painting by Abel de Pujol, Caesar leaves his wife on the Ides of March, the day of his murder.

  1. He was completely correct with his judgement of Cassius.
  2. He then took his forces to Spain to crush Pompey's army.
  3. In the great parade that showcased the spoils and enemy captives, Vercingetorix, who waited for an unprecedented 5 years in a Roman prison to await his death led the procession in chains. Brutus is also in a troubled state of mind and this makes it easy for Cassius to take advantage; he is vulnerable.
  4. Stunned that even his good friend Brutus was in on the plot, Caesar choked out his final words. He was the first Roman emperor and subsequent emperors adopted his name during their rule.

A Revolting Development Spartacus 109-71 B. But he escaped his captors and formed an army of rebel slaves. Against great odds, Spartacus's slave army defeated two Roman battalions. Spartacus wanted to leave Italy, but his army and supporters of the slave revolt urged him to attack Rome.

A Roman army led by Crassus finally defeated Spartacus and his men. Over 5,000 men from Spartacus's army were crucified along Rome's main road, the Appian Way, as a warning to other slaves not to revolt. Finally, a new practice developed in which the army was paid with gold and land.

  • Originally it was an office which could only be held by plebians;
  • This fateful decision led to a civil war.

Soldiers no longer fought for the good of the Republic but fought instead for tangible rewards. Gradually, soldiers became more loyal to the generals who could pay them than to the Roman Republic itself. It was within this changing atmosphere that military leaders such as Julius Caesar were able to seize control of and put an end to the Roman Republic.

Julius Caesar was a man of many talents. Born into the patrician class, Caesar was intelligent, educated, and cultivated. An excellent speaker, he possessed a sharp sense of humor, charm, and personality.

6b. Julius Caesar

All of these traits combined helped make him a skilled politician. Moreover, Caesar was a military genius. His many successful military campaigns gained him broad support and popularity among the common people. Caesar also won the undying loyalty of his soldiers, who supplied him with the necessary muscle to seize power. Julius Caesar began his rise to power in 60 B.

Together, these three men assumed control of the Roman Republic, and Caesar was thrust into the position of consul. Historians have since dubbed the period of rule by these three men the First Triumvirate. Over time, however, the triumvirate broke down.

But when Caesar crossed the Rubicon River in northern Italy, he brought his army with him in defiance of the senate's order. This fateful decision led to a civil war. Upon his return, Caesar made himself dictator and absolute ruler of Rome and its territories. During his rule, he enacted several reforms. Caesar founded many colonies in newly conquered territories and provided land and opportunity for poor Romans who chose to migrate there.

He reduced the number of slaves and opened citizenship up to people living in the provinces. Finally, he created a new calendar named the Julian calendar.

This very calendar, with a few minor adjustments, is the same one used around the world today.

  • He had promoted a program for the cancellation of debt to attract plebian support;
  • But when Caesar crossed the Rubicon River in northern Italy, he brought his army with him in defiance of the senate's order.

Typically, dictators served for a limited time usually six monthsthen stepped down. Caesar's actions threatened to end the Republic once and for all. Fearing this change, a group of senators plotted and executed the murder of Caesar on the Ides of March.

Although the senators succeeded in ending Caesar's life, they did not realize at that time that the Republic had died with him. Rome would now become an empire.