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Compare the spanish maritime empire and the russian empire

Citizen being punished during the Spanish Inquisition Source Ottoman janissaries Source Spanish gold coins Source Intro Beginning in 1450 and stretching to 1800, the Spanish and Ottoman Empires used social, political, and economic processes to build their separate empires.

Social Processes In order to build their empires socially, the Spaniards and Ottomans both used the religion as a process. In Spain, Christianity was the social norm and no other religions were accepted. Christian beliefs were strictly enforced both on the Spanish mainland and in their conquered territories across the water.

However, the Ottomans created unity in their building empire by creating a religiously tolerant environment.

The Social, Economic, and Political Processes of Empire Building in the Spanish and Ottoman Empires

Previously, the Ottomans had ruled using Sharia Law, an exclusively Muslim code that Ottoman rulers found to be silent on most secular matters. Therefore, the Muslim leaders created a legal code that addressed rights, duties, proper clothing, and Muslim to non-Muslim etiquette.

This allowed various religions to feel safe and respected in the Ottoman Empire, creating a sense of unity through accepting differences. While both the Spanish and the Ottomans used religion to bring social unity, the Spaniards used strict laws and force and the Ottomans used tolerance and acceptance. Political Processes The Spanish and the Ottomans political processes for empire building are similar to their social processes, as it was often the government which is undeniably linked to politics enforcing certain social norms in both empires.

Although the Spanish were Christian, and the Ottomans were Muslim, they both had a state recognized religion that was enforced by the government.

Indeed, the purpose of the Spanish Inquisition was to convert Jews and Muslims in Spain to the Christian faith or force them to leave the country. In the Ottoman Empire, they did not force their subjects to convert to Islam, but that did not mean they gave up Islam entirely.

  1. In the category "d," at last, a maximum of a mutual linguistic and cultural penetration can be observed. Such an openness to converts was less noticeable even in Portugal, let alone France, England, Holland, where the considerations of race, of racial origins were much more an obstacle for an acceptance into the metropolitan elite.
  2. Both empires also encountered conflict during their Imperialistic age; the Russians encountered the Japanese during the Russo-Japanese War which the Russians lost and the Spaniards encountered revolutions mainly sparked by Creole resentment of peninsular rule in Latin America.
  3. Consequently the degree of intolerance to Islam, Judaism, and "heresies" of all kinds was extremely high. While the Spanish were forceful and the Ottomans were tolerant, both still used religion as a means of creating a strong government.

The Ottomans still had a fully Islamic government made up of the Janissary class. Janissaries were the young boys the Ottoman leaders trained in Islamic doctrine so they could be political leaders in the future.

While the Spanish were forceful and the Ottomans were tolerant, both still used religion as a means of creating a strong government.

  • The Spanish Empire started to disintegrate in the early 19th century, while the Soviet Union, which is undoubtedly a direct continuation of the Russian Empire, stepped down on the path of a disintegration almost two centuries later, in a totally different international situation, in the era of a quite different technology;
  • Territories with a dense old Christian European population; 2.

Economic Processes The Spaniards and Ottomans differed completely in terms of their economic processes for empire building. For Spain, the New World had only just been discovered, and upon meeting the various native tribes in the Americas, the Spanish leadership saw dollar signs.

  1. Get Access Comparison Between the Russian and Spanish Empires Essay Sample Empire-building in both the Spanish and Russian empires occurred during the New Imperialism Age; while both empires were politically and socially different, both desired to expand to further their economies and strengthen their international role. Consequently the degree of intolerance to Islam, Judaism, and "heresies" of all kinds was extremely high.
  2. Russia was lagging behind the leading countries of the Western Europe in this aspect only by a few decades. Territories with a rare, economically underdeveloped, religiously initially mostly animistic, but rather easily convertible population.
  3. Sooner or later, however, the problem of their re-emigration is going to arise. But the dates are not so important.
  4. While both countries were headed by a Christian monarchy and sought to expand in order to strengthen their economies, the tactics of expansion and the methods of economic control greatly differed across Europe.
  5. Social Processes In order to build their empires socially, the Spaniards and Ottomans both used the religion as a process.

Exploiting them for their wealth in gold and silver, the Spanish made slaves of the native peoples and managed to conquer them without destroying them completely, so Spain could continue to gain from their labor. In the Ottoman Empire, the Ottomans found a source of revenue in the caravan traders who frequented their territory.

Comparison Between the Russian and Spanish Empires Essay Sample

By setting up stops along trade routes where traders could rest themselves and their animals the Ottomans were able to tax those who travelled the routes through their land, creating an incredible source of revenue. While Ottoman leadership did have to pay off rogue tribes surrounding depots, to them it was an investment, a small price to pay to protect the traders from marauders and ensure the revenue taxation brought.

Economically, the Spanish chose to build their empire by force and exploitation, while the Ottomans chose to build their empire through entrepreneurship by providing resources to traders for a price.

Summary 1405 was the beginning of two great civilizations, the Spanish and the Ottomans, expanding their empires socially, politically, and economically.

While both differed in their methods, their intentions were the same:

  • Even when a political separation is accomplished and the unity of the empire has disintegrated, there is remaining a deep interest in the maintaining of cultural ties, and to some extent also of an economic cooperation;
  • France, The Dutch, Britain, and Portugal all attempted to carve Africa into colonial possessions to capture the diamonds and other raw resources available across the massive continent;
  • But the dates are not so important;
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  • Although the Spanish were Christian, and the Ottomans were Muslim, they both had a state recognized religion that was enforced by the government.