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An overview of the international space station project

The 360-tonne International Space Station has more than 820 cubic metres of pressurised space - enough room for its crew of six persons and a vast array of scientific experiments.

Assembly was delayed due to the tragic loss of Space Shuttle Columbia, which also resulted in the decision to retire all Space Shuttles after completion of the Station.

One more pressurised module will be attached to the Station: It will be installed on the Earth-facing docking port of the Zvezda module.

The Columbus laboratory forms a substantial part of the Station's research capability. Fitted with ten interchangeable payload racks, Columbus is a multifunction laboratory that specialises in research in fluid physics, materials science and life sciences.

International Space Station: Facts, History & Tracking

Europe's second biggest contribution was the Automated Transfer Vehicle, a supply ship lifted into orbit on an Ariane-5 launcher. Once docked, the craft used its engines to boost the Station to a higher orbit counteracting the faint drag of Earth's atmosphere.

Cupola European scientists and engineers contribute to equipment and design across much of the International Space Station. More than a third of pressurised Station elements are designed and built in Europe. Space freezer In fact, European technology plays an important part in most Station sections.

Book Review: Reference Guide to the International Space Station

For example in the United States Destiny module, Europe installed a material science rack and freezer units. The Japanese module Kibo also uses a European freezer. European astronauts and users ESA astronauts The first European astronaut flew in space in 1983 and the European Astronaut Centre in Cologne has been training men and women for missions since 1998.

Only a tiny fraction of the Europeans working on the Space Station will ever go to space. Large dedicated teams of engineers, scientists, technicians and support personnel make spaceflight possible.

  • Assembly was delayed due to the tragic loss of Space Shuttle Columbia, which also resulted in the decision to retire all Space Shuttles after completion of the Station;
  • The organization of the book is straightforward;
  • NASA now responds quickly to "water incursion" incidents;
  • It can be seen from Earth without the use of a telescope by night sky observers who know when and where to look.

European mission control centres run experiments and share Station command with Russia and the United States. Astronauts will always be part of a large scientific team on Earth.

  • Space Shuttle at Space Station ];
  • The system components so identified fall within the categories;
  • Space Shuttle at Space Station ];
  • As of January 2018, 230 individuals from 18 countries have visited the International Space Station;
  • The ISS includes modules and connecting nodes that contain living quarters and laboratories , as well as exterior trusses that provide structural support, and solar panels that provide power.

They act as the link between science teams on ground and the Space Station. Now that the Station is fully assembled and astronauts spend more time on science people European scientists are among the first to benefit from the space research facilities they have helped to build.