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An introduction to the life and history of ocarolan

  • At first, he was not considered a great musician;
  • As he was dying, he called for one last cup of his favorite brew;
  • While important monuments around Nobber testify to long pre-Norman settlement, the village, close to Carolan's birthplace, emerged as a manorial village during the Anglo-Norman colonisation;
  • Tribute to turlough o'carolan by bridget haggerty when turlough o'carolan carolan;
  • He called these tunes "Planxties".

For the three hundred year period up to the sixteenth century the Normans consolidated in Ireland, building castles, establishing towns and introducing political administration. While important monuments around Nobber testify to long pre-Norman settlement, the village, close to Carolan's birthplace, emerged as a manorial village during the Anglo-Norman colonisation.

He, in turn, granted the territory around Nobber, to Gilbert de Angulo or Nangle. By around 1215 the colonial village of Nobber was created.

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Over time Norman and Irish families intermarried and the Normans adopted Irish language, culture and customs.

Surnames reflect the Norman origins of many families. She married Richard Trent in 1732. This tune was composed before their marriage because in the second verse Carolan hopes to dance at their wedding. Carolan composed many pieces for patrons with these surnames.

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In the fifteenth century English power was weak allowing the Normans to continue consolidating their power in Ireland. Henry VIII became king in 1509 and set about imposing his authority in Ireland by granting legal title to the lands of Gaelic and Norman lords in return for their allegiance and adoption of English customs. This was the surrender and regrant policy. Henry's daughter, Mary, began the process of plantation in Laois and Offaly which Elizabeth continued in Munster.

They rallied Irish and Old English support to protect their lands and by 1595 were engaged in open war against the English crown. The Irish were finally defeated at the Battle of Kinsale in 1601. This defeat marked the end of Gaelic lordship in Ireland and the start of the decline of the Gaelic and Old English aristocracy.

In 1609 the plantation of Ulster, the most successful of the plantations, got underway. The dispossessions of Gaelic and Old English families by the plantations and the introduction of a new, largely Scots Calvinist, population into Ulster, resulted in huge discontent and by 1641 rebellion again erupted.

Turlough O'Carolan

The native Irish were once more joined by the Old English and through the 1640s the Confederation of Old English and Irish waged war first against the Crown and then against the winning side in the English civil war, the parliamentary forces.

Cromwell's arrival in Ireland in 1649 and his defeat of the confederate forces broke the rebellion. By 1652 the whole country was defeated and the decade of war resulted in famine and destitution. The "Adventurers" who financed the war and the soldiers who fought were paid in Irish land. Dispossession and confiscation again reduced native Irish and Old English families.

The Civil Survey of 1654 recorded the principal landowners around Nobber in 1640. By the end of the century, as O Carolan was starting his musical career, the last three had lost their lands in the area.