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An introduction to the issue of world without oil

Imagine if this drill stopped drilling forever. Source Introduction Oil, is quite simply the backbone of modern life. Over the last 150 years we have taken about a trillion barrels from the Earth, and most experts forecast that the equivalent of another trillion should still be there for us to extract.

In our thought experiment, I want you to imagine that all of the remaining untapped oil reserves still in the Earth suddenly vanished overnight. What we would do? How would we cope? The experiment begins; the oil disappears and almost immediately oil refineries around the world go into chaos mode, alarms go off deep underground; indicating a major problem.

Saudi is the largest oil exporter in the world. Source 24 Hours Later News reports around the world confirm beyond doubt that all of the oil reserves below ground across the globe have disappeared. An introduction to the issue of world without oil oil companies move quickly to stem the rising panic by informing people that there are 20 million barrels left in the refineries. Across the oceans, huge tankers carrying millions of barrels of oil are on the move, but not in the usual direction.

This is a massive blow for the US, who is the biggest oil importer in the world. Each day, they produce more than 8 million barrels, but they actually consume double that amount. Now with the loss of imported oil, the deficit stands at 8 million and begins to grow. Many countries around the world do have vast reserves of oil hidden away to deal with emergency situations similar to the one occurring now.

The US has roughly 725 million barrels of crude oil hidden away in secret location across the country. The age of planes, trains and ships comes to a shuddering halt; roads become quiet, tracks empty, the skies quieter and cleaner.

Each day in the US alone, roughly 4 million people use aircraft for travel, but are now all stranded, forced to find alternative ways to get their destination. The loss of planes, trains and ships also spells disaster for the delivery of cargo, over 100,000 tonnes of cargo will lie stranded, probably never to be delivered.

The economic fallout is rapid; the growing, widespread panic forces the government to halt stock trading. All of a sudden, two trillion dollars of oil stock become worthless; more than 400,000 people directly employed by the oil industry lose their jobs, and are reduced to having to find their way home by any means necessary. The uncertain economic future also forces thousands of manufacturing plants to shut down immediately, which spark protests from the millions employed in the an introduction to the issue of world without oil who also lose their jobs.

For the most part, we are largely ignorant of oil and just how important it really is. A huge chain reaction has now been set in motion, that is quickly crippling every part of our lives from hospitals, food and of course power. The crisis is only just beginning.

The stock markets remain firmly shut, and unemployment has risen swiftly up to an astonishing 30 per cent. In less than a week, many of our most basic needs are suddenly out of reach. Food depot centres across the western world are now closed, sparking a major food crisis. Prior to the crisis, California for example sent out 1300 trucks from its depots every day, delivering fresh food all over the country to grocery outlets.

Now the trucks sit idle without their precious oil.

World Without Oil

All of the big cities are hit hard; on average it takes one football field of farmland to produce enough food for just one person a year. Oil enabled the easy distribution of food from far and wide, but now without it, feeding a city of millions like New York becomes impossible. But people can no longer afford to be fussy, and must make do with whatever they can find.

Roughly a quarter of all food consumed in the US is imported from elsewhere, and with no more ships bringing fresh supplies, the food stocks dwindle dramatically.

A World Without Oil: The Aftermath

On farms, the loss of oil is even more dramatic, over the last fifty years farming has become industrial, with many containing hundreds if not thousands of cows and other livestock. On average, a cow needs around 100Ibs of food a day, while a pig needs around 8Ib. In a bitter ironic twist, these animals raised to feed humans face starvation themselves.

The loss of oil causes power systems around the world to fail, plunging the world into darkness. In the US, Florida is hit hardest, as it mainly relies on electricity generated directly from burning oil. The major hospitals in cities such as Miami and Orlando are equipped with emergency backup generators, but even these rely heavily on an introduction to the issue of world without oil fuel processed from oil.

In San Francisco law and order breaks out. In the middle of the night, looters emerge en masse. But as well as looking for food, they search for cooking oil that can be converted into fuel for diesel engine cars.

Martial Law Martial law was declared in Egypt last year in the wake of the unrest that erupted. In a world without oil, scenes like this would be commonplace across the world. In a world without an introduction to the issue of world without oil, life in these places will become a lot less tranquil.

In a world without oil, cars like these will become more common. Source 1 Month Later Governments around the world initiate a global shutdown, keeping only the most essential services operational. The emergency oil reserves are converted into diesel fuel for cargo trains that deliver coal to power plants, in an effort to restore power.

The strategy works, and some basic electrical services are restored, but only in certain areas, as the electrical grids are no longer interconnected. Florida is still in a state of blackout; the emergency fuel gets the trains running again, but instead of people they carry food. The gasoline or petrol powered car becomes obsolete; this is a total disaster for the US, as it is specifically built to serve cars. More than half of the population live in sprawling suburbs, and prior to the crisis had most of their food delivered straight to huge grocery outlets nearby.

For the average American, the easy life has vanished, alternative measures must be found. Out in the Midwest, farmers begin planting new crops to replace the usual fruit and vegetables. They select soya beans that contain oil which can be extracted and turned into diesel fuel. Corn is another crop that contains a fuel alternative and is grown extensively across millions of acres of land.

The roads are still packed with cars that are powered by ethanol extracted from sugar cane. In terms of bio fuel production, the Brazilians are decades ahead of the Americans and other western nations. Thousands of electric cars are still on the road and could pave the way for a better future. But back in the present, a more immediate and concerning challenge looms; the onset of winter in the northern hemisphere. Soya beans contain oil that can be processed into bio fuel that can be used in diesel powered cars.

But would we be able to produce enough? Source Sugar cane is another crop that contains ethanol.

  1. It has been said that the coming conflict in the world will be the water wars over potable water, but I think we are looking at considerable conflict over the remaining petroleum and the conversion of alternatives to maintain our addiction to the internal combustion engine.
  2. We must also immediately cease importation and local manufacture of medium and large internal combustion vehicles. Lemmy without sobbing, staggering, his spurs meanwhile.
  3. Wood also played a great part in the construction of towns and cities as a material of construction. Petroleum was never used to fuel those steam or internal combustion engines.
  4. All of the big cities are hit hard; on average it takes one football field of farmland to produce enough food for just one person a year. Would the Allies have also had the coal to oil technology?
  5. Instead of fresh produce, they must make do with powdered milk and rice.

Brazil is already growing sugar cane across million of acres turning it into bio fuel. In terms of bio fuel production, it's decades ahead of the US and Western Europe. Source Desperate Measures As well as having to survive a famine. People will have to survive a bitter northern hemisphere winter. The survivors would be those prepared to hunt and trap animals like Elk. Source 5 Months Later The US government announces the takeover of three of the biggest car manufacturers in the country.

They intend to concentrate on producing electric trucks to help supplement the much needed food deliveries. Across the vast agricultural lands of the Earth, farmers take inspiration from Brazil and start planting sugar cane to speed up the production of ethanol. However, in big cities across the US and indeed the rest of the world, food terminals begin to close, resulting in a fast spreading famine.

An introduction to the issue of world without oil form crushing queues at train stations waiting for food deliveries.

Instead of fresh produce, they must make do with powdered milk and rice. The essential services such as coal delivery and emergencies are still operational; surviving on the ever dwindling oil reserves, everything else is at a standstill. The US continues to dramatically reduce its oil consumption in order to stretch out the vital remaining reserves. In fact, any rubbish clear up is a luxury afforded only to a few lucky people. The situation sounds bad in the North, but things are even worse in Saudi Arabia, which is in the midst of an economic disaster.

Japan was one of the biggest importers in the world; roughly 60 per cent of all its nutritional needs came from overseas. With no ships docking at their ports, the entire population face starvation. Back in the US, many people are no longer prepared to wait for the government to find a solution.

Instead they take matters into their own hands and start converting garages and basements into makeshift laboratories, where they conduct experiments in producing their own bio fuel using scavenged chemicals such as methanol.

This is a very dangerous experiment, but if it works it could provide escape from starving cities. However, this ingenuity only works on diesel cars and for a limited time.

Other alternative fuel sources also face similar hurdles; while the soya bean harvest was more than the double what it was in the previous year, it only produced half a billion gallons of bio fuel which is less than 1 per cent of the diesel North America used each year prior to the crisis.

Furthermore, no more can be produced until the next harvest. Farmers continue to valiantly plant more corn to gain a higher yield of ethanol. A world without oil forces governments around the world to make tough and brutal decisions. In this case, should they tell the farmers to plant crops for food or fuel? Hospitals are rapidly running out of supplies; everything from rubber gloves, gowns, medicine and lubricants all need oil in their manufacture.

Without such necessaries, drug resistant infections become rampant. In the big cities, families are surviving literally by the skin of their teeth. But now matters take a turn for the worst. An electrical transformer fire which was mostly nothing more than a nuisance in a world with oil, becomes nightmarish. Abandoned vehicles block access, preventing emergency vehicles from dealing with the problem.

  1. Japan was one of the biggest importers in the world; roughly 60 per cent of all its nutritional needs came from overseas.
  2. Petroleum became the next source of energy to be controlled by developers as a fuel source.
  3. Later types would have included electromagnetic stator windings, which will have increased the power output.

The fire quickly spreads, before an explosion rocks the neighbourhood. Winter has arrived in the northern hemisphere, and for the millions of people living in northern cities, the time has come to make a tough decision. Do they lie low and wait for winter to pass?