Term papers writing service


An introduction to the argument against animal research because its immoral

Debates Animals and Plants Should animals be used in research?

Classes Cancelled

Animals, from the fruit fly to the mouse, are widely used in scientific research. They are crucial for allowing scientists to learn more about human biology and health, and for developing new medicines. The use of animals in scientific research has long been the subject of heated debate.

On the one hand it is considered morally wrong to use animals in this way solely for human benefit. On the other hand, removing animals completely from the lab would impede our understanding of health and disease, and consequently affect the development of new and vital treatments. Although sometimes these studies do reduce the quality of life of these animals, thorough regulations are in place to ensure that they are carried out in a humane way.

Replacing, where possible, experiments using animals with alternative techniques such as cell culture, computer modelling or human volunteers instead of animals. Refining the way the animals are cared for to help minimise any stress or pain, by using less invasive techniques where possible and improving medical care and living conditions.

Below you can find many of the arguments being made for and against the use of animals in the laboratory, some you are probably already aware of and some you may not have thought about… what do you think? Are animal models useful?

  • If we accept that animals have rights then if an experiment violates the rights of an animal, it is morally wrong and any possible benefits to humanity are completely irrelevant;
  • Animal studies are always used alongside other types of research such as cell cultures, computer modelling and human clinical trials.

Yes Scientists have been able to advance their knowledge of human and animal health and disease dramatically by studying model organisms. Antibioticsinsulinvaccinesorgan transplantation and HIV treatment have all been developed with the help of experiments involving animals.

  • According to data collected by F;
  • Do they lack fundamental human rights and should we use them for experimentation?
  • This alone represents a shift from a past view where animals had no moral status and treating an animal well was more about maintaining human standards of dignity than respecting any innate rights of the animal;
  • Where there are reliable alternatives in scientific research, animals are not used;
  • Risks are not morally transferable to those who do not choose to take them" qtd.

Research using animals has contributed to 70 per cent of Nobel Prizes for Physiology or Medicine. No No animal model is ever perfect and there are still many differences between model organisms and humans.

The reason that some medicines do not make it to market is that despite passing tests in animals they then fail in humans. Some people will say that that animals have not been as critical to medicine as is generally claimed. Yes The use of animals in research is essential for enabling researchers to develop new drugs and treatments.

Alternative methods of research do not simulate humans and whole body systems in the same way and are not as reliable.

  • More funding should be put into developing alternatives to experiments using animals;
  • This alone represents a shift from a past view where animals had no moral status and treating an animal well was more about maintaining human standards of dignity than respecting any innate rights of the animal;
  • Certain harm versus potential harm;
  • Many animal rights advocates argue similarly—that just because we are human is not sufficient grounds to declare animals less morally significant.

No Many animals are used for experiments and then killed. It is expensive to use model organisms as the animals must be purchased and then fed, housed and cared for.

Should animals be used in research?

Some people will consider using animals in the lab to be immoral. Are animal experiments necessary? Legally, all drugs have to be tested on animals for safety before they can be used in humans.

Where there are reliable alternatives in scientific research, animals are not used.

  1. This point of view suggests that more complicated organisms have richer, more fulfilling lives and that it is the richness of the life that actually correlates with moral worth.
  2. The LD50 test is used to test the dosage of a substance that is necessary to cause death in fifty percent of the animal subjects within a certain amount of time.
  3. Therefore, animals should not be used in research or to test the safety of products. Finally, the testing of products on animals is completely unnecessary because viable alternatives are available.
  4. Their decisions are made for them because they cannot vocalize their own preferences and choices. People have different feelings for animals; many look upon animals as companions while others view animals as a means for advancing medical techniques or furthering experimental research.

Through testing on animals we are able to ensure any risks of a drug are identified and minimised before it is tested on humans during clinical trials. This helps to reduce side effects and human fatalities. Is it ethical to use animals in research? Yes The UK has gone further than any other country to implement thorough ethical frameworks when it comes to animals in research. The Animals Act of 1986 ensures that any research using animals must be fully assessed in terms of any harm to the animals.

  1. But the value we place on the quality of their lives is determined by their perceived value to humans" 34. Researchers working with animals carry out their experiments with extreme care to eliminate or minimise suffering.
  2. Do they lack fundamental human rights and should we use them for experimentation? Is it ethical to use animals in research?
  3. This test is extremely painful to the animals because death can take days or even weeks. Research using animals has contributed to 70 per cent of Nobel Prizes for Physiology or Medicine.
  4. They can feel pain and experience pleasure. This essay defends animal experimentation.

This involves detailed examination of the procedures and the number and type of animals used. The use of animals in research is never undertaken lightly. Researchers working with animals carry out their experiments with extreme care to eliminate or minimise suffering.

Whenever possible painkillers and anaesthetics are used to manage painin the same way it is when an animal visits a vet. To stop animal research would also be unethical as it would dramatically affect the development of new knowledge and flow of treatments to those with health conditions who desperately need them.

The alternative to using animals in the lab would be to test new drugs in humans. This is around 700 times more animals than the number used in scientific research. Animals feel pain and fear just as we do. If we accept that animals have rights then if an experiment violates the rights of an animal, it is morally wrong and any possible benefits to humanity are completely irrelevant.

Certain harm versus potential harm. The harm done to human beings by not experimenting on animals is unknown, whereas the harm done to animals if they are tested on is certain. Yes Currently animal testing is a compulsory, legal part of drug testing. Animal studies are always used alongside other types of research such as cell cultures, computer modelling and human clinical trials.

More funding should be put into developing alternatives to experiments using animals. This page was last updated on 2017-03-03 Related Content: