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An argument against the right to have an abortion

Abortion debate

Women's rights arguments in favour of abortion Here are some of the women's rights arguments in favour of abortion: We should therefore give great consideration to her rights and needs as well as those of the unborn. Pro-choice women's rights activists do not take a casual or callous attitude to the foetus; the opposite is usually true, and most of them acknowledge that choosing an abortion is usually a case of choosing the least bad of several bad courses of action.

Top Abortion affects women disproportionately Abortion is an important element of women's rights because women are more affected by the abortion debate than men, both individually if they are considering an abortion and as a gender.

Pregnancy has an enormous effect on the woman involved. A pregnancy to a woman is perhaps one of the most determinative aspects of her life. It disrupts her body.

  1. All people are subject to various restrictions on what they do with their bodies - and some of these restrictions laws against suicide or euthanasia are just as invasive. The medical terms " embryo " and " fetus " are seen by some pro-life advocates as dehumanizing , [15] [16] while everyday terms such as "baby" are viewed as sentimental by some pro-choice advocates.
  2. Dobson Litigation Guardian of v. Veazey, president of the Religious Coalition for Reproductive Choice.
  3. On this approach, a being essentially has a right to life if it has a natural capacity to develop the relevant psychological features; and, since human beings do have this natural capacity, they essentially have a right to life beginning at conception or whenever they come into existence. For example, Mary Ann Warren suggests consciousness at least the capacity to feel pain , reasoning , self-motivation, the ability to communicate , and self-awareness.

It disrupts her education. It disrupts her employment.

  • Opponents of abortion rights argue that life begins at conception — making abortion tantamount to homicide;
  • Several additional cases have considered further issues;
  • The recent referendum allowed abortions;
  • Some reject the argument on grounds relating to personal identity , holding that the fetus is not the same entity as the adult into which it will develop, and thus that the fetus does not have a "future like ours" in the required sense.

And it often disrupts her entire family life. And we feel that, because of the impact on the woman, this … is a matter which is of such fundamental and basic concern to the woman involved that she should be allowed to make the choice as to whether to continue or to terminate her pregnancy. If abortion rights are denied, then a constraint is imposed on women's freedom to act in a way that is of great importance to them, both for its own sake and for the sake of their achievement of equality; and if the constraint is imposed on the ground that the foetus has a right to life from the moment of conception, then it is imposed on a ground that neither reason nor the rest of morality requires women to accept, or even to give any weight at all.

Judith Jarvis Thomson Top Bodily rights Many people regard the right to control one's own body as a key moral right. If women are not allowed to abort an unwanted foetus they are deprived of this right.

The simplest form of the women's rights argument in favour of abortion goes like this: This leads some people to claim is that it is unethical to ban abortion because doing so denies freedom of choice to women and forces 'the unwilling to bear the unwanted'.

Opponents of this argument usually attack the idea that a foetus is 'part' of a woman's body.

Arguments in favour of abortion

They argue that a foetus is not the same sort of thing as a leg or a liver: A second objection to this argument is that people do not have the complete right to control their bodies. All people are subject to various restrictions on what they do with their bodies - and some of these restrictions laws against suicide or euthanasia are just as invasive.

Childbearing, freedom and equality The women's liberation movement sees abortion rights as vital for gender equality. They say that if a woman is not allowed to have an abortion she is not only forced to continue the pregnancy to birth but also expected by society to support and look after the resulting child for many years to come unless she can get someone else to do so.

They argue that only if women have the right to choose whether or not to have children can they achieve equality with men: Furthermore, they say, women's freedom and life choices are limited by bearing children, and the stereotypes, social customs, and oppressive duties that went with it.

They also regard the right to control one's own body as a key moral right, and one that women could only achieve if they had were entitled to abort an unwanted foetus. No woman can call herself free until she can choose consciously whether she will or will not be a mother.

Margaret Sanger, founder of Planned Parenthood In summary: