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An argument against the censorship of mark twains novel the adventures of huckleberry finn

The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

Image from a scene in the book Who: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Where: The United States of America When: In Waves; Wave 1 1885-1905 and Wave 2 1957-2004 Why: The text was censored primarily in two waves, with the first wave ranging from 1885-1905 and the second wave ranging from 1957-2005.

After being taken by his father, Huck then fakes his death to escape his father and befriends a slave named Jim. Ultimately, Huck discovers that his father has died, Tom gets shot, and Jim finds out that his owner has freed him in her will, having died while he was in the process of running away. Scenes from this book depict African-Americans and whites interacting frequently with one another, as shown in Figure 1, which is considered to be an controversial aspect of the text.

This text challenges the ideas of accepted morals within a society and that is one of the primary reasons for its censorship. School systems argue that the novel encourages racism by not directly challenging the racial elements placed in the novel. Resources were compiled from various sources in order to provide a deep analysis of the censorship of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Bradley has participated in several previous interviews and opposes the censorship of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.

A transcript of this interview, the one conducted specifically for this blogpost and not the one conducted by CBS, has also been published along with a brief introduction and biography of Bradley. Political Cartoon Posted by The Denver Post When discussing the censorship of the novel, some argue that in removing the novel from schools, including their curriculum and libraries, students are losing exposure to classic literature.

In losing this exposure they also lose all that they may learn from studying classic novels and authors such as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and Mark Twain. Some of the controversy surrounding this idea of students losing out on exposure is illustrated by Figure 3 through a political cartoon posted by the Washington Post. A visual map of the locations of the censorship of the novel has also been created. The map shows both the city and the year in which the censorship occurred, and is then organized by the wave of censorship it took place in, with blue representing the first wave and purple representing the second wave of censorship.

Through this visual aid, the vastness of the censorship of the novel can be seen. Resistance proceeded almost immediately after the American publication of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn in January 1885. Society had relied heavily on factuality and hierarchy. The novel was thought to leave the impression on children that it was acceptable to be disrespectful to authority figures, thus leading to a disturbance of the peace in the United States.

It was also equated to a dime novel, a name given to low-cost, popular stories classified as either an adventure or melodrama. Over time, other authors and academics have lauded the novel: Educator and founder of the Tuskegee Institute Booker T.

Even Twain himself poked fun at the controversy, as he said it would have brought more interest in the novel and generated sales West 2482. The class has reached a novel by 19th century author Mark Twain entitled The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, and has started reading. Monteiro brings up these complaints to the school, and the teacher sends Ms.

Doe to the library to study alone while the rest of the class discusses the texts. Fast forward to October 1998.

  1. Through this visual aid, the vastness of the censorship of the novel can be seen. Doe to the library to study alone while the rest of the class discusses the texts.
  2. Before 2012, students were curious about race, racism, the 19th century — what was that like? This critique, I would say, must be carried over in translation.
  3. According to her argument, her daughter, as well as other African-American students, suffered psychological damage and lost educational experiences due to the required reading. Fast forward to October 1998.
  4. Before 2012, students were curious about race, racism, the 19th century — what was that like?
  5. After the first wave of censorship, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn still had one final hoop to jump through before becoming one of the most taught pieces of literature in the high school English setting Applebee. Have the challenges to the book changed over the years?

According to her argument, her daughter, as well as other African-American students, suffered psychological damage and lost educational experiences due to the required reading.

The complaint further stated that the Tempe Unified Union High School District recognized these psychological injuries but refused to offer support in forms other than self-study time in the library.

  1. The United States of America When.
  2. It may not be possible to fully do so, but translators should at the very least try. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.
  3. The novel was thought to leave the impression on children that it was acceptable to be disrespectful to authority figures, thus leading to a disturbance of the peace in the United States.
  4. It is only written for adults….

Monteiro further alleges that due to the required reading, there has been increased racial harassment towards African-American students. The Supreme Court of the 9th Circuit concluded on October 19, 1988 That the amended complaint sets forth allegations that satisfy all three parts of the test for a violation of Title VI based upon a hostile racial environment… however, we reverse only as to those portions of the amended complaint relating to the incidents of racial harassment and not as to those portions relating to the assignment of Huckleberry Finn… or the refusal to remove those literary works from the mandatory assignment list Monteiro v.

  • The description of the dialects he uses reveals how essential he felt it was to portray the different characters, and this relates to their regional and racial backgrounds;
  • Read an interview with Robert P;
  • Ultimately, Huck discovers that his father has died, Tom gets shot, and Jim finds out that his owner has freed him in her will, having died while he was in the process of running away;
  • Have the challenges to the book changed over the years?
  • Scenes from this book depict African-Americans and whites interacting frequently with one another, as shown in Figure 1, which is considered to be an controversial aspect of the text;
  • And my being a southerner, I can say southerners are particularly sensitive to the way people react to how we talk, and then make assumptions based on that.

This case is now considered a precedent when discussing the censorship of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn when in reference to its exploration of racial tensions. After the first wave of censorship, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn still had one final hoop to jump through before becoming one of the most taught pieces of literature in the high school English setting Applebee.

As time carried on, school districts and other entities in 23 different states challenged the book and ended up banning it. The book eventually came to be among the top 10 most censored books in a list published by the American Library Association ALA.

African-Americans especially have had polarized viewpoints on the novel.

Many have said that the depiction of Jim as a stereotypical slave does not represent traditional black values and the novel is culturally insensitive. However, many African-Americans have had positive words about the novel and its literary significance. Simply put, some teachers value the process in which a student experiences literature and science and math and all of the many subjects found in basic schooling, rather than just giving out a standardized test and letting the children of the world loose.

Banned in the U. Green, Jonathon, and Nicholas Karolides. Facts on File, 2005.

  • In his introduction, he writes;
  • The book eventually came to be among the top 10 most censored books in a list published by the American Library Association ALA;
  • Monteiro further alleges that due to the required reading, there has been increased racial harassment towards African-American students.

University of Virginia, 2012. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.