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A look into causes and effects of divorce

Studying the Causes and Effects of Divorce January 01, 2002 "In the 1970s, divorce escalated like crazy. Are those two things related," asks Alan Booth, "or aren't they? He himself has been divorced and remarried in the meantime, as has his co-investigator on the National Longitudinal Study of Marriage, Paul Amato. More to the point, they and their colleagues have amassed hours of survey data on 2,000 married men and women, interviewed by telephone, paper, or computer survey up to six times over the 20 years, "through a whole marital history, if you like," says Amato.

We've followed them through divorce, singlehood, and remarriage. Then in 2000, the research team interviewed a completely new random sample of a look into causes and effects of divorce married individuals. That's influenced a lot of family therapists to get parents to focus on the kids. They're not in great marriages, maybe, but they're in okay marriages.

Can they be encouraged to stick with it until the kids are grown? In 1980, it was common for the husband to say he makes all the decisions. But when families reach decisions together, we've found, they're happier. Equality is good for a marriage.

It's good for both husbands and wives. If the wife goes from a patriarchal marriage to an egalitarian one, she'll be much happier, much less likely to look for a way out. And in the long run, the husbands are happier too. When they began the study in 1980, Booth and his colleagues, then at the University of Nebraska, came up with a long list of variables besides women's working, including how many children a couple had, their relationship with their parents, if the parents were divorced, whether they moved a lot, their income, their employment patterns, the household division of labor, and their general attitudes.

Other sociologists had devised good surveys to measure several of these variables; these Booth and his colleagues adapted to their study. It included the amount of marital interaction— of interaction that was not conflict. We wanted to measure whether or not people thought about divorce, or talked to friends about divorce, or had seen a counselor, or had filed for divorce.

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Or is a divorce underway? The measure has revealed that there are many kinds of happy and unhappy marriages. Buying a house is a representation of commitment. People are reluctant to sell it. It's hard to divide. Irrespective of family income, to be in the process of buying or paying off a house is stabilizing.

The Effects of Divorce on Children

It's one of the strongest risk factors, actually. Being a child of divorce could shape a person's attitudes. In our study, we found people who had been divorced were more likely to report not listening to what their spouse was saying or getting angry and losing their temper. One person tried to dominate the marriage. There was an unwillingness to compromise. In a divorced family, children don't learn how to communicate effectively because they don't see their parents modelling it.

That's opposite to what you'd expect. When this finding first began to be noticed and was replicated over and over, we thought it was a selection process. People who cohabitate tend to be less religious, less traditional, more liberal.

Happy Marriages: Studying the Causes and Effects of Divorce

Perhaps it's not surprising that they accept divorce. The same traits that predict if you will cohabitate also predict problems in your marriage. That the behavior shapes your attitudes. What I think part of the problem is, people are less thoughtful about a decision to cohabitate than a decision to marry.

  1. What I think part of the problem is, people are less thoughtful about a decision to cohabitate than a decision to marry.
  2. It's a drift into marriage. They did almost as well as children from intact marriages on all sorts of measures.
  3. May be you should considet living in free union for a short time before you get married, by doing this, you can meet your partner well. When this finding first began to be noticed and was replicated over and over, we thought it was a selection process.

People very rarely marry without giving it some thought. But they might wind up cohabitating with someone. Then, once they're cohabitating, there's a momentum that leads them to marry.

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There's pressure to get married from others. The potential of having children is more likely. They're more reluctant to break up because they're a 'thing' together—they've bought pots and pans together.

People wind up with partners they may not be compatible with. It's a drift into marriage. Or, when things start causing problems, people who are cohabitating will say, 'Let's get married,' as if that will solve everything. When kids came from a high-conflict home, they did pretty well when the marriage finally ended and they got out of it. They did almost as well as children from intact marriages on all sorts of measures. We looked at whether or not they were depressed, their sense of well-being, if they were married and, if so, how well they got along with their spouses, at their friendships, and at their relationships with relatives.

  • What I think part of the problem is, people are less thoughtful about a decision to cohabitate than a decision to marry;
  • In addition, divorces also get rid of the violence of quarrel between husband and wife, hence everybody in family get better in physical and mental healthy, particularly for children;
  • The final cause of recently increasing divorce is lack of communication.

When all of that is threatened, it has a devastating effect on a kid. They could see nothing but bad things following from it. They're risk-takers, people who generally have favorable attitudes toward divorce. And they often have someone new waiting in the wings. Socially, says Booth, "They are people who are somewhat isolated. They move a lot. They're not involved in a church.

They have less contact with their relatives. They are less likely to own a home. They hadn't experienced a divorce themselves and had little idea what effect it would have on their children. Basically, they weren't thinking about the children at all. Then they don't have to live through the divorce. They're not so likely to lose contact with one set of their relatives.

Causes and Effects of Divorce Essay

They don't have to cut off contact with their father or mother. Let's stay together a little longer. The second marriage was different from the first one, but then the question becomes, was it any better? The vast majority of people had 'no gain. For the vast majority, it's different, but not an improvement.